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200AD MITHRA Cult Pater Aristocratic Ancient GOLD Roman Ring Jewelry Artifact

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Seller: victoram (2,528) 100%, Location: Forest Hills, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 222158785707 HTML clipboard [ 6184] Authentic Ancient Roman Gold Mithraic Cult Gold Ring circa 200-300 A.D. (3.5 grams) 2.5 x 2.2 x 1.1 centimeters Ring size: 8.75 US Pedigree: Ex-Tom Cederlind This is a beautiful, elaborate ring in exquisite fine style with designs that ostensibly can be described as those of Mithraic symbolism. The Mitraic cult prospered throughout the Roman empire during this time period. It was an orally transmited cult and therefore very little information is known. What is known is that it enlisted men only from various ranks of Roman society, with mostly soldiers and merchants. It is interesting to note that Roman emperors Commodus and Diocletian were the highest level iniatiates in this cult. The next thing to understand is the stratifaction of Roman society and how they were able to recognize status and affiliation. The elaborate style of the gold-work and artistic skill leads one to make the conclusion that this ring belonged to only someone of the aristocratic origin and highest ranks in the army. The mixture of the scorpion together with a head (of Persian style) leads one to believe that this was a secret symbol known only to initiates. On an iconic example of the Tauroctony scene, there is a scorpion visible below the bull's genitals. It is possible that this ring belonged to the highest level hierarch, "Pater", in the cult. To an everyday common ancient person, without knowledge of the cult, the intaglio design may have looked-like just another portrait of Hercules, quite common in those times. The face of the man depicted has Saturn-like features, as the Pater's tutelary deity was Saturn. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD - Numismatic Expert Degrees of initiation In the Suda under the entry "Mithras", it states that "No one was permitted to be initiated into them (the mysteries of Mithras), until he should show himself holy and by undergoing several graduated tests." Gregory Nazianzen refers to the "tests in the mysteries of Mithras". There were seven grades of initiation into Mithraism, which are listed by St. Jerome. Manfred Clauss states that the number of grades, seven, must be connected to the planets. A mosaic in the Ostia Mithraeum of Felicissimus depicts these grades, with symbolic emblems that are connected either to the grades or are just symbols of the planets. The grades also have an inscription beside them commending each grade into the protection of the different planetary gods. In ascending order of importance, the initiatory grades were: Grade Symbols Planet/tutelary deity Corax, Corux or Corvex (raven or crow) beaker, caduceus Mercury Nymphus, Nymphobus (Bridesman) lamp, hand bell, veil, circlet or diadem Venus Miles (soldier) pouch, helmet, lance, drum, belt, breastplate Mars Leo (lion) batillum, sistrum, laurel wreath, thunderbolts Jupiter Perses (Persian) akinakes, Phrygian cap, sickle, sickle moon and stars, sling pouch Luna Heliodromus (sun-runner) torch, images of the sun god, Helios whip, robes Sol Pater (father) patera, Mitre, shepherd's staff, garnet or ruby ring, chasuble or cape, elaborate robes jewel encrusted with metallic threads Saturn 'Note: In the table above, the article or picture links to the religious titles or impedimenta are merely illustrative approximations because, being an orally transmitted mystery cult, few reliable historical references have survived. However, similar contemporary artefacts have been identified, and at the Mithraeum of Felicissimus at Ostia Antica, a 2nd-century mosaic does depict several Mithraic implements and symbols. Bull-slaying scene See also: Tauroctony In every Mithraeum the centrepiece was a representation of Mithras killing a sacred bull, called the tauroctony. The image may be a relief, or free-standing, and side details may be present or omitted. The centre-piece is Mithras clothed in Anatolian costume and wearing a Phrygian cap; who is kneeling on the exhausted bull, holding it by the nostrils with his left hand, and stabbing it with his right. As he does so, he looks over his shoulder towards the figure of Sol. A dog and a snake reach up towards the blood. A scorpion seizes the bull's genitals. A raven is flying around or is sitting on the bull. Three ears of wheat are seen pcoming out from the bull's tail, sometimes from the wound. The bull was often white. The god is sitting on the bull in an unnatural way with his right leg constraining the bull's hoof and the left leg is bent and resting on the bull's back or flank. The two torch-bearers are on either side, dressed like Mithras, Cautes with his torch pointing up and Cautopates with his torch pointing down. Sometimes Cautes and Cautopates carry shepherds' crooks instead of torches. Tauroctony from the Kunsthistorisches Museum Saturn (Latin: Saturnus Latin pronunciation) is a god in ancient Roman religion, and a character in myth. Saturn is a complex figure because of his multiple associations and long history. He was the first god of the Capitol, known since the most ancient times as Saturnius Mons, and was seen as a god of generation, dissolution, plenty, wealth, agriculture, periodic renewal and liberation. In later developments he came to be also a god of time. His reign was depicted as a Golden Age of plenty and peace. The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury. In December, he was celebrated at what is perhaps the most famous of the Roman festivals, the Saturnalia, a time of feasting, role reversals, free speech, gift-giving and revelry. Saturn the planet and Saturday are both named after the god. Payment & Shipping: Will accept payments via PayPal. Your browser does not support JavaScript. To view this page, enable JavaScript if it is disabled or upgrade your browser.

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