Seller: palatina (4,974) 100%, Location: Heidelberg, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 361839868939 NORTHERN EUROPEAN STONE AGE ARTIFACTS BY PALATINA AUTHENTICITY GUARANTEED Description This wonderful Danish Mesolithic flint artifact is a "Core Axe ( Ax ) with rhombical cross section". This type occurs wherever core axes are found, but plays the greatest role in the Younger Maglemose Culture (8900-6400 bc), Kongemose Culture (6400-5400 bc.) and the older Ertebølle - Ellerbek Culture ( Kitchen Midden Culture ) 5400-4000 bc. During the Mesolithic period (c.9300-4000 BC) after the end of the ice age, hunters spread across the extensive area which connected Denmark to England during the Continental period. The forest was relatively light in the beginning with bison, wild horses, elk and aurochs. In time, the forest became more dense and red deer and roe-deer became the commonest game. Settlements were often situated near the edges of lakes which have since become bogs. In the east of Denmark, the peat in these bogs has preserved a rich variety of weapons and tools, bones from slaughtered animals and the remains of dwellings, including hut floors made of wood and bark. During the Atlantic period, 6400-4000 BC, the sea level rose so much that the northern parts of Denmark were divided into islands, and deep fiords cut into the landscape. A dense forest dominated by limetrees spread across the land. The population was found mostly near the coasts and lived on fish and shellfish, supplemented by hunting and sealing. Food scraps were piled up in kitchen middens which contained huge numbers of oyster shells. Grave finds bear witness to care and respect for the dead. During the early Maglemose period, core axes came into ever more common use and gradually replaced the earlier flake axes. Core axes were manufactured out of smaller pieces of flint by knapping away surplus stone along the side edges. The new axes used less raw material and were easier to resharpen than the flake axes, which explains why they came to dominate over the older type. Wear induced polishing along the cutting edge indicates that these axes were probably used to trim and finish wood. This is further supported by microscopic analysis of the cutting edge of axes recovered from the "Ochre Graves" at Bögebakken. Many archaeological finds have shown that core axes were hafted at right angles to the handle in the same way as an adze. Core axes are unknown from the Neolithic period. The rhombical type of adze is unsymmetrical to the vertical and the horizontal plane. The side-edges shaped from opposite sides, making the cross section assume the shape of a rhomb or a parallelogram. The cutting edge is parallel with the sides. Provenance is an old collection. More details will follow the artifact. I guarantee absolutely for the authenticity of this terrific piece from the Hunter Gatherer Stone Age. Please view also my other auctions with relics from the European Prehistory.