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Ancient Greek Marble Press Papier with Minoan Bull Battle Shield Crete - 5643

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Seller: iconsgr (1,445) 100%, Location: Volos,Magnisia, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 131995181747 Ancient Greek Press Papier With Coin Of Cretan Minoan Shield in Marble BaseSize : 5x5 cm 1.96x1.96 in Weight: 480gr Material: MARBLE-BRONZE Color: GOLDDescription :The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from approximately the 27th century to the 15th century BC.It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century through the work of British archaeologist Arthur Evans. Will Durant referred to it as "the first link in the European chain." The early inhabitants of Crete settled as early as 128,000 BC, during the Middle Paleolithic age.It was not until 5000 BC that the first signs of advanced agriculture appeared, marking the beginning of civilization. The Minoan culture was established by the 27th century BC. Though the vision created by Arthur Evans of a pax Minoica, a "Minoan peace", has been criticised in recent years,it is generally assumed there was little internal armed conflict in Minoan Crete itself, until the following Mycenaean period.As with much of Minoan Crete, however, it is hard to draw any obvious conclusions from the evidence. New excavations sustain scholarly interest and document the culture's influence around the Aegean. Despite having found ruined watchtowers and fortification walls,Evans argued that there was little evidence for ancient Minoan fortifications. But as S. Alexiou has pointed out (in Kretologia 8), a number of sites, especially Early and Middle Minoan sites such as Aghia Photia, are built on hilltops or are otherwise fortified. As Lucia Nixon said, "...we may have been over-influenced by the lack of what we might think of as solid fortifications to assess the archaeological evidence properly. As in so many other instances, we may not have been looking for evidence in the right places, and therefore we may not end with a correct assessment of the Minoans and their ability to avoid war. Chester Starr points out in "Minoan Flower Lovers" (Hagg-Marinatos eds. Minoan Thalassocracy) that Shang China and the Maya both had unfortified centers and yet engaged in frontier struggles, so the lack of fortifications alone cannot be enough to conclude that the Minoans were a peaceful civilization unparalleled in history. In 1998, however, when Minoan archaeologists met in a conference in Belgium to discuss the possibility that the idea of Pax Minoica was outdated, the evidence for Minoan war still proved to be scanty. Archaeologist Jan Driessen, for example, said the Minoans frequently show 'weapons' in their art, but only in ritual contexts. He said,"The construction of fortified sites is often assumed to reflect a threat of warfare, but such fortified centres were multifunctional; they were also often the embodiment or material expression of the central places of the territories at the same time as being monuments glorifying and merging leading power" (Driessen 1999, p. 16). On the other hand, Stella Chryssoulaki's work on the small outposts or 'guard-houses' in the east of the island represent possible elements of a defensive system. Claims that they produced no weapons are erroneous; type A Minoan swords (as found in palaces of Mallia and Zarkos) were the finest in all of the Aegean (See Sanders, AJA 65, 67, Hoeckmann, JRGZM 27, or Rehak and Younger, AJA 102). Shipping: All items are shipped within 48 hours of cleared PayPal payment. Shipping can take anywhere from 10-25 business days sometimes a little longer depending where it is being shipped to or to delays at the country's customs. Payments: We only accept payment with PayPal. 5***** star feedbacks are greatly appreciated. If for some reason you feel that you are unable to leave 5 star feedbacks please contact with me and we will try solving the issue. Please note: Import taxes and other charges are not included in the item price or shipping cost. Please check with your country's customs office to determine what or if there are additional costs prior to your purchase. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE Condition: Handmade - New, Material: Marble

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