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Anglo Saxon Spear head Museum Item, The Meads 800 - 900 AD

CAD 579.00 Buy It Now 17d, CAD 39.00 Shipping, eBay Money Back Guarantee

Seller: sku67403 (475) 100%, Location: CALGARY, AB, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 332040105409 FOR SALE ANGLO SAXON 'DOUBLE EDGE' SPEAR HEAD, THE MEADS Made from Steel. Weight - 660 grams. Width at the widest - 50 mm. Total length 65.3 mm / 25 3/4" long . Dating 800 - 900 AD. The Spear head have split socket & rising median ridge running the entire length. Very fine condition considering age. Provenance: Excavated , The Meads. SHIPPING BY CANADA POST REGISTERED MAIL INSURED TO CANADA - $20.00, USA - $39.00. WORLD WILL BE CALCULATED. The main weapon ofthe Anglo-Saxons was the spear, not only for the Fyrd but also for the professional soldiers and even the lords: it was the traditional weapon of Woden and remained the weapon par excellence among Germanic peoples even during the 11th century. At the battle of Maldon in 991 the eoldorman Byrhtnoth led his men into battle armed with spear and shield, and it was only after he had killed two men with his spear, and had been wounded twice, that he drew his sword to engage a third man. Under Knut, the heriot (war trappings) due to the king on the death of an earl (in effect the return of gifts given during the earl's life) was eight horses, four helmets, four mail shirts, eight spears, eight shields and four swords. The heriot of a thegn was half that, and these figures suggest that at least in the later period twice as many men were armed with spear and shield as were armed with mail shirt, helmet, spear, shield and sword, that is the Select Fyrd and Hearth Troop respectively, and that all were normally mounted. There were two types of spear; a light throwing spear or javelin, and a stouter thrusting spear which would have been used in much the same way as the modern bayonet and was probably also used for hunting. Manuscripts of the later period frequently show warriors holding two spears in the shield hand and a third in the right hand; presumably two of these would be throwing spears and the third was retained for hand-to-hand fighting. The shafts of these spears naturally varied in length according to type and personal requirements. No Saxon shaft has survived, but the position of the heads and ferrules in graves indicates lengths of from 1.50m to 2.75m. A German shaft which has survived is 2.10m long, and 2m seems to have been a common length, with the longer shafts for the thrusting type. Such a weapon would have been extremely useful in the opening phase of a melee, but its length would have ensured that it was dropped after the first clash and the more manageable sword or axe would then be drawn. The heads of these spears are found in the graves of rich and poor alike, and range from 7 to 60cm in length. They are usually leaf-shaped, with a strong rib running up the centre of the blade, creating a lozenge shape in section. The socket is usually split at the sides, being hammered tight on to the shaft and then secured with a rivet, and often by leather thong lashing also. Some heads are pattern-welded (see under swords) but this is rare. The larger heads of the thrusting spears are sometimes richly inlaid with copper, bronze or silver, which tends to confirm they were not normally thrown.. Material: Iron

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