Seller: metalman317 (1,631) 100%, Location: Wasilla, Alaska, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 350515821565 Clash of CIVILIZATIONS!!! PRE- COLUMBIAN CEREMONIAL SMOKING PIPE. / HISPANIOLA. This fully functional ceremonial smoking pipe was unearthed along the Haiti / Dominican Republic border on the haitian side. It is believed to be of Arawak/Taino Indian origin. That conclusion is made because of the find's geographical location. The other major Native-Indian group that occupied Hispaniola: the Caribs, lived on the North-East part of the island. The "Clash of Civilization" moniker applies because of the eventual ownership of this pipe by African slaves who were brought to the island after the Native-Indians were wiped out by disease and superior European warfare. The African slaves, in their Vodun (voodoo) practices, believed that any evil spirits that possibly inhabited the pipe could be expunged through Vodun ceremonies and breaking the pipe. That's the reason for the obvious breakpoints along the stem. The number of breakpoints are indicative of how many "African Slave" hands the pipe passed through before it was lost to the earth sometime during the island's tumultuous Post-Columbian period and eventually unearthed in the 20th century. I DON'T HAVE ANY PAPERS AUTHENTICATING THIS ITEM. THE CLOSEST MAJOR UNIVERSITY TO ME IS THE UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA, ANCHORAGE- ANCHORAGE, ALASKA. I DON'T KNOW IF THERE IS ANYONE THERE QUALIFIED TO RENDER AN EDUCATED OPINION. I AM WILLING TO COOPERATE WITH YOU IF YOU FIND SOMEONE WHO RESIDES LOCALLY WHO WILL EXAMINE ITEM FOR YOU. Pipe is 8 1/16 inches long! Returns accepted only in cases where actual item does not match description given in listing. Examples: Used item described as new, Defective Item, Wrong part number given in listing, Expired item listed without disclosure of expiration, etc. It is your responsibility to ensure that item purchased is right item for your application.