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Egyptian MUMMY FAIENCE Beads c.700 BC 10 Small Pieces In Display Case

CAD 36.43 Buy It Now Unsold, CAD 24.41 Shipping, 30-Day Returns

Seller: timelessthing (2,949) 100%, Location: Miami, Florida, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 191991062841 timelessthing Store Click to view supersize image EGYPTIAN MUMMY FAIENCE BEADS circa 700 BC 10 pieces provided pictures show ten beads of obverse and reverse 2-4 mm each PRIVATE ANCIENT ART COLLECTION SOUTH FLORIDA ESTATE SALE ( Please, check out other ancient art items we have available for sale) An interesting lot of ten small Egyptian mummy faience beads. These beads come with free display case, easel and attribution label attached. A great way to display an ancient collection! You are welcome to ask any questions prior buying or bidding. We can ship it anywhere within continental U.S. for a flat rate of 7.50$. It includes shipping, delivery confirmation and packaging material. Egyptian Mummy Beads The earliest Ancient Egyptian mummies were created naturally due to the environment in which they were buried. In the era prior to 3500 BCE, Egyptians buried the dead in pit graves, without regard to social status. Pit graves were often shallow. This characteristic allowed for the hot, dry sand of the desert to dehydrate the bodies, leading to natural mummification. The natural preservation of the dead had a profound effect on Ancient Egyptian religion. Deliberate mummification became an integral part of the rituals for the dead beginning as early as the 2nd dynasty (about 3400 BCE). Egyptians saw the preservation of the body after death as an important step to living well in the afterlife. As Egypt gained more prosperity, burial practices became a status symbol for the wealthy as well. This cultural hierarchy lead to the creation elaborate tombs, and more sophisticated methods of embalming. External video Arte romano-egizia, mummia di herakleides, 50-100, 02.JPG By the 4th dynasty (about 2600 BCE) Egyptian embalmers began to achieve "true mummification" through a process of evisceration, followed by preserving the body in various minerals and oils. Much of this early experimentation with mummification in Egypt is unknown. The few documents that directly describe the mummification process date to the Greco-Roman period. The majority of the papyri that have survived only describe the ceremonial rituals involved in embalming, not the actual surgical processes involved. A text known as The Ritual of Embalming does describe some of the practical logistics of embalming, however, there are only two known copies and each is incomplete. Another text that describes the processes being used in latter periods is Herodotus' Histories. Written in Book 2 of the Histories is one of the most detailed descriptions of the Egyptian mummification process, including the mention of using natron in order to dehydrate corpses for preservation. However, these descriptions are short and fairly vague, leaving scholars to infer the majority of the techniques that were used by studying mummies that have been unearthed. By utilizing current advancements in technology, scientists have been able to uncover a plethora of new information about the techniques used in mummification. A series of CT scans performed on a 2,400 year old mummy in 2008 revealed a tool that was left inside the cranial cavity of the skull. The tool was a rod, made of an organic material, that was used to break apart the brain to allow it to drain out of the nose. This discovery helped to dispel the claim within Herodotus' works that the rod had been a hook made of iron. Earlier experimentation in 1994 by researchers Bob Brier and Ronald Wade supported these findings. While attempting to replicate Egyptian mummification, Brier and Wade discovered that removal of the brain was much easier when the brain was liquefied and allowed to drain with the help of gravity, as opposed to trying to pull the organ out piece-by-piece with a hook. Through various methods of study over many decades, modern Egyptologists now have an accurate understanding of how mummification was achieved in Ancient Egypt. The first and most important step was to halt the process of decomposition, by removing the internal organs and washing out the body with a mix of spices and palm wine. The only organ left behind was the heart, as tradition held the heart was the seat of thought and feeling and would therefore still be needed in the afterlife. After cleansing, the body was then dried out with natron inside the empty body cavity as well as outside on the skin. The internal organs were also dried and either sealed in individual jars, or wrapped to be replaced within the body. This process typically took forty days. After dehydration, the mummy was wrapped in many layers of linen cloth. Within the layers, Egyptian priests placed small amulets to guard the decedent from evil. Once the mummy was completely wrapped, it was coated in a resin in order to keep the threat of moist air away. Resin was also applied to the coffin in order to seal it. The mummy was then sealed within its tomb, alongside the worldly goods that were believed to help aid it in the afterlife. SHIPPING INFO: - The Shipping Charge is a flat rate and it includes postage, delivery confirmation, insurance up to the value (if specified), shipping box (from 0.99$ to 5.99$ depends on a size) and packaging material (bubble wrap, wrapping paper, foam if needed) - We can ship this item to all continental states. Please, contact us for shipping charges to Hawaii and Alaska. - We can make special delivery arrangements to Canada, Australia and Western Europe. - USPS (United States Postal Service) is the courier used for ALL shipping. - Delivery confirmation is included in all U.S. shipping charges. (No Exceptions) CONTACT/PAYMENT INFO: - We will reply to questions & comments as quickly as we possibly can, usually within a day. - Please ask any questions prior to placing bids. - Acceptable form of payment is PayPal REFUND INFO: - All items we list are guaranteed authentic or your money back. - Please note that slight variations in color are to be expected due to camera, computer screen and color pixels and is not a qualification for refund. - Shipping fees are not refunded. FEEDBACK INFO: - Feedback is a critical issue to both buyers and sellers on eBay. - If you have a problem with your item please refrain from leaving negative or neutral feedback until you have made contact and given a fair chance to rectify the situation. - As always, every effort is made to ensure that your shopping experience meets or exceeds your expectations. - Feedback is an important aspect of eBay. Your positive feedback is greatly appreciated! Click to view supersize image Click to view supersize image Click to view supersize image

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