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Hellenistic technique. by Academician I.I. Tolstoy Russian Text 1948 Greece Hist

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Seller: valeriyavaleriya71 (7,966) 100%, Location: Staten Island, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 302133897284 Hellenistic technique. Эллинистическая техника. Автор: Сборник статей под редакцией академика И.И. Толстого Жанр: исторические исследования Издательство: ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО АКАДЕМИИ НАУК СССР.1948. Язык: Русский Количество страниц: 365.Твердый переплет Описание: Выпускаемая книга стремится осветить состояние античной техники в тот период истории Греции, который принято называть "эллинистическим". Хронологически этот период падает на отрезок времени от смерти Александра Македонского до момента образования римского принципата. "Эллинистическим" назван он в силу одной из отличительнейших его особенностей, заключающейся в процессе "эллинизации", или грецизации, "варварской" периферии античного мира, совершившемся в результате экономической и военной экспансии греков на восток. Столкновение греческой и восточной культур не только принесло восточным народам культурные ценности греческого мира, но в свою очередь обогатило и Грецию. Правда, эта эпоха не являлась в техническом отношении принципиально новой и в основном преимущественно совершенствовала и развивала достижения предшествовавшей ей классической эпохи. Грецизированный птолемеевский Египет, восточные, греческие монархии, создающиеся тогда и в Сирии, и в Малой Азии, монархическая Македония и по-прежнему дробящаяся на множество мелких республик коренная Греция с Архипелагом и островом Критом, т.е. все Средиземноморье, образуют отныне в основном однотипный тон жизни, вызванный изменением всей старой экономики: узкие местные рамки былого полисного хозяйства стремительно разрушаются в эпоху эллинизма, и торговля вступает на путь широкого международного товарооборота. Рост денежных богатств, заставляет [с.4] и держателей мастерских, и крупных земельных собственников все интенсивнее эксплуатировать рабов и вольнонаемных рабочих, и, параллельно росту индивидуальных богатств на одном полюсе общества, столь же быстро совершается обнищание на другом, все резче и резче обозначается экономическое расслоение общества. Для исследователя экономической истории древности представляет особенный интерес как раз эллинистическая эпоха, так как именно в это время, с одной стороны, античное рабовладельческое хозяйство достигает полного своего развития, а с другой – тогда же в среде угнетенной массы рабов, батраков, вольнонаемных рабочих и обездоленного сельского населения возникают, то здесь, то там, и первые попытки борьбы, уже предвещающие грядущую гибель системы, основанной на рабском способе производства. Узнать материальную обстановку жизни этой эпохи, думается, окажется интересным не для одних лишь античников. Hellenistic technique. Author: Collection of articles edited by Academician I.I. Tolstoy Genre: Historical Research Publisher: Academy of Science of the USSR.1948. Language: Russian Number of pages: 365. Hardbound cover Description: Let the book seeks to illuminate the state of the art in the ancient history of Greece during this period, which is called "Hellenistic". Chronologically, this time falling to the period from the death of Alexander the Great to the founding of the Roman Principate. "Hellenistic" is named because it is one of the distinctive features of it, which consists in the process of "Hellenization" or gretsizatsii, "barbarian" periphery of the ancient world, an accomplished as a result of the economic and military expansion of the Greeks to the east. Clash of the Greek and Oriental cultures, not only brought the Eastern peoples cultural values of the Greek world, but in turn enriched and Greece. However, this era was not technically a fundamentally new and mostly improved and developed primarily to achieve the classical era that preceded it. Gretsizirovanny Ptolemaic Egypt, Oriental, Greek monarchy, then created, and in Syria, and Asia Minor, Macedonia and monarchical still Mace into many small republics of Greece with radical Archipelago and the island of Crete, ie the entire Mediterranean, form now on is essentially the same tone of life caused by the change of the whole of the old economy: the narrow scope of the local economy of the former city-state is rapidly broken down in the Hellenistic era, and trade embarks on a path of broad international trade. The growth of monetary wealth, makes [p.4] and the holders of the workshops, and large landowners more intensively exploited slaves and hired workers, and, parallel to the growth of individual wealth at one pole of society, just as quickly committed impoverishment on the other, a sharper and sharper denoted economic stratification of society. To the student of economic history of antiquity is of particular interest just Hellenistic era, as it was at this time, on the one hand, the ancient slave economy reaches its full development, and the other - at the same time in the environment of the oppressed slaves, laborers, civilian workers and disadvantaged rural populations occur here and there, and the first attempts to fight, already foreshadowing the impending doom of a system based on slave mode of production. Learn the material situation of life of this era, I think, will be interesting not only for some antichnikov. 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