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Seller: ancientgifts (4,181) 99.3%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 122155023164 TRANSLATE Arabic Chinese French German Greek Indonesian Italian Hindi Japanese Korean Swedish Portuguese Russian Spanish Your browser does not support JavaScript. To view this page, enable JavaScript if it is disabled or upgrade your browser. Click here to see 1,000 archaeology/ancient history books and 2,000 ancient artifacts, antique gemstones, antique jewelry! The History of Central Asia, Volume 3: The Age of Islam and the Mongols by Cristoph Baumer. NOTE: We have 75,000 books in our library, almost 10,000 different titles. Odds are we have other copies of this same title in varying conditions, some less expensive, some better condition. We might also have different editions as well (some paperback, some hardcover, oftentimes international editions). If you don’t see what you want, please contact us and ask. We’re happy to send you a summary of the differing conditions and prices we may have for the same title. DESCRIPTION: Hardcover with dustjacket.. Publisher: I.B. Tauris (2016). Pages: 400. Size: 11½ x 9½ x 1 inch; 5¼ pounds. Between the 9th and the 15th centuries, Central Asia was a major political, economic and cultural hub on the Eurasian continent. In the first half of the 13th century it was also the pre-eminent centre of power in the largest land-based empire the world has ever seen. This third volume of Christoph Baumer's extensively praised and lavishly illustrated new history of the region is above all a story of invasion, when tumultuous and often brutal conquest profoundly shaped the later history of the globe. The author explores the rise of Islam and the remarkable victories of the Arab armies which, inspired by their vital, austere and egalitarian desert faith, established important new dynasties like the Seljuks, Karakhanids and Ghaznavids. A golden age of artistic, literary and scientific innovation came to a sudden end when, between 1219 and 1260, Genghis Khan and his successors overran the Chorasmian-Abbasid lands. Dr Baumer shows that the Mongol conquests, while shattering to their enemies, nevertheless resulted in much greater mercantile and cultural contact between Central Asia and Western Europe. CONDITION: NEW. MASSIVE new hardcover with dustjacket. I.B.Tauris (2016) 400 pages. Unblemished and pristine in every respect. Pages are clean, crisp, unmarked, unmutilated, tightly bound, unambiguously unread. Satisfaction unconditionally guaranteed. In stock, ready to ship. No disappointments, no excuses. PROMPT SHIPPING! HEAVILY PADDED, DAMAGE-FREE PACKAGING! Meticulous and accurate descriptions! Selling rare and out-of-print ancient history books on-line since 1997. We accept returns for any reason within 14 days! #8622a. PLEASE SEE DESCRIPTIONS AND IMAGES BELOW FOR DETAILED REVIEWS AND FOR PAGES OF PICTURES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEWS: REVIEW: Between the ninth and the fifteenth centuries, Central Asia was a major political, economic and cultural hub on the Eurasian continent. In the first half of the thirteenth century it was also the pre-eminent center of power in the largest land-based empire the world has ever seen. This third volume of Christoph Baumer's extensively praised and lavishly illustrated new history of the region is above all a story of invasion, when tumultuous and often brutal conquest profoundly shaped the later history of the globe. The author charts the rise of Islam and the remarkable victories of the Arab armies which, inspired by their vital, austere and egalitarian desert faith, rapidly swept away the borders between tribes and clans and established important new dynasties like the Seljuks, Karakhanids and Ghaznavids. Their relentless Jihad paradoxically led to a settled Islamic civilization which, now shaped by open-minded Iranian influence, set few limits to intellectual curiosity or adventure. A golden age of cultural, artistic, literary and scientific innovation, quite unparalleled in human history, came to a sudden end with the brutal advent of the Mongols, when between 1219 and 1260 Genghis Khan and his successors overran the Chorasmian-Abbasid lands. The Mongol polity eventually broke up into a cluster of warring dynasties and khanates. This was the period when Kublai Khan, immortalized by Coleridge, exercised only nominal authority over the fragmenting empire and when the famous Golden Horde strove against its enemies for mastery of the great plains and steppes. Chrisoph Baumer shows that the Mongol conquests, while shattering to their enemies, nevertheless resulted in much greater mercantile and cultural contact between Central Asia and Western Europe. He demonstrates why this had a profound and lasting influence on the development of geographical knowledge, art and textiles in the West. Lavishly illustrated throughout, this sumptuous book, the penultimate volume in Dr. Baumer’s quartet, will be an essential point of reference for medieval historians, scholars, and students of religion and those interested in the history of ideas. It will also have considerable appeal to non-specialist readers interested in the extraordinary and enduring contribution made by Central Asia in this period of world history and culture. REVIEW: In modern terms, Central Asia comprises the five post-Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan, as well as most of Xinjiang province in the People’s Republic of China and adjacent parts of the Russian Federation, Iran, and Afghanistan. The region is marked by a distinctive set of Islamic civilizations that began to emerge in the 8th century CE. It was shaped by the political, economic, and social interaction of nomadic groups from the broad Eurasian steppes and the sedentary inhabitants of agricultural oases—a distinction that roughly corresponds, in much of the Islamic era, to the linguistic division of Turkic- and Persian-speaking peoples. It was also shaped by the encounter of broader cultural traditions rooted in Inner Asia with those rooted in Iran and the Middle East. The study of Islam in Central Asia presents problems not typically encountered in the study of other parts of the Muslim world. One such problem is the isolation of much of the region during most of the 20th century. Another is the lamentably strong division between those who work on contemporary affairs and those who study Islamic Central Asia prior to the impact of the Russian (or Chinese) conquest and the Soviet era. Yet another problem is the impact of the Soviet state (and of the PRC) on the development of indigenous Central Asian attitudes toward the region’s Islamic heritage. A host of 20th-century policies have left most Central Asians handicapped in terms of their ability to engage directly with important aspects of their own local Muslim heritage, leaving them vulnerable to the continuing legacy of Soviet-era interpretations of their past and to external arguments that Central Asia’s religious heritage must be restored from outside. Perhaps the most striking of these special problems, however, is the distinctive chronological pattern evident for the region: the amount of scholarly attention devoted to Central Asia’s political, social, cultural, and religious history decreases the closer one comes to the present. One result of these problems is the scarcity of good studies in general; another is the scarcity of useful works in English. The following survey assumes that it is neither possible, nor desirable, to extract scholarship on “religion” in Islamic Central Asia from studies of political, social, economic, or cultural history. REVIEW: The history of Central Asia has been determined primarily by the area's climate and geography. The aridity of the region makes agriculture difficult and distance from the sea cut it off from much trade. Thus, few major cities developed in the region. Nomadic horse peoples of the steppe dominated the area for millennia. Relations between the steppe nomads and the settled people in and around Central Asia were marked by conflict. The nomadic lifestyle was well suited to warfare, and the steppe horse riders became some of the most militarily potent people in the world, due to the devastating techniques and ability of their horse archers.[1] Periodically, tribal leaders or changing conditions would organize several tribes into a single military force, which would then often launch campaigns of conquest, especially into more 'civilized' areas. A few of these types of tribal coalitions included the Huns' invasion of Europe, various Turkic migrations into Transoxiana, the Wu Hu attacks on China and most notably the Mongol conquest of much of Eurasia. The dominance of the nomads ended in the 16th century as firearms allowed settled people to gain control of the region. The Russian Empire, the Qing Dynasty of China, and other powers expanded into the area and seized the bulk of Central Asia by the end of the 19th century. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Soviet Union incorporated most of Central Asia; only Mongolia and Afghanistan remained nominally independent, although Mongolia existed as a Soviet satellite state and Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan in the late 20th century. The Soviet areas of Central Asia saw much industrialisation and construction of infrastructure, but also the suppression of local cultures and a lasting legacy of ethnic tensions and environmental problems. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, five Central Asian countries gained independence — Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. In all of the new states, former Communist Party officials retained power as local strongmen. REVIEW: Christoph Baumer, a leading explorer and historian of Central Asia, Tibet and China, has written several well-received books in the fields of history, religion, archaeology and travel. These include “The Church of the East: An Illustrated History of Assyrian Christianity”, “Traces in the Desert: Journeys of Discovery across Central Asia”, and “China’s Holy Mountain: An Illustrated Journey into the Heart of Buddhism”, all published by I.B.Tauris. Dr. Baumer is President of the Society for the Exploration of EurAsia and a member of the Explorer’s Club, New York, and the Royal Asiatic Society, the Royal Geographical Society, and the Royal Society for Asian Affairs, London. He is a recipient of the prestigious Sir Percy Sykes Medal awarded to him by the Royal Society for Asian Affairs in 2015. His magisterial four-volume study of Central Asia began in 2012 with volume 1, The History of Central Asia: The Age of the Steppe Warriors, and continued in 2014 with volume 2, The Age of the Silk Roads. The final volume will publish in 2018. REVIEW: TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction. I. IRANIAN-MUSLIM DYNASTIES IN SOUTH-WEST CENTRAL ASIA. 1. Socio-Religious Conflicts under Early Abbasid Rule. Excursus: The Most Important Early Islamic Denominations. The Sunni. The Shi’ites. The Kharjites. 2. The Marmakids and Tahirids. 3. The Saffarids. 4. The Samanides. II. CENTRAL ASIAN PIONEERS OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHUY AND SCIENCES. 1. Early Scientists and Philosophers. 2. The Golden Age of Science and Philosophy. 3. On Astronomy and Towards a Theory of Evolution. 4. An Anti-Rationalist Count5er-Movement. III. THE SECOND TURKIC MIGRATION TO THE WEST. 1. The Pechenegs. 2. The Pghuz. 3. The Kipchaks. Excursus: Turkic-Kipchak Equestrian Warriors in the Service of the Christian Kingdom of Georgia. IV. TURCO-MUSLIM DYNASTIES IN SOUTHERN CENTRAL ASIA. 1. The Great Seljuks. Excursus: The Ismalis.of Alamut in the Seljuk Empire. 2. The Karakhanids. 2.1 The Unified Khananate. 2.2 The Western Khanagate. 2.3 The Eastern Khanagate. 3. The Ghaznavids. 4. The Ghurids. 5. The Ma’munids, Altuntashids and Anushteginids of Chorasmia. V. BUDDHIST STATES OF THE LIAO, QARA KHITAI AND TANGUTS. 1. The Liao Dynasty. 2. The Kara Khitai, Central Asian Successors of the Liao. 3. Minyak, the Tangut Empire. Excursus: Pyotr Kazlov Discovers Khara-Khoto. VI. THE RISE OF THE MONGOLS. 1. Sources of the History of the Mongols. 2. Mongol Tribues in the Mid-Twelfth Century and the Ancestors of Genghis Khan. 3. Genghis Khan and the Creation of a Mongol Nation. 4. Genghis Khan’s International Campaigns. VII. THE UNITED MONGOL EMPIRE. 1. Great Khan Ogodei and the Construction of Karakorum. 2. The Regency of Toregene and Great Khan Guyuk. Excursus: Spies, Diplomats and Missionaries: The Franciscan Monks Giovanni di Pian del Carpine and William of Rubruck. 3. Mongke, the Last Great Khan of the United Mongol Empire. VIII. THE INDEPENDENT MONGOL KHANATES. 1. A Battle of Brothers. 2. The Chinese Yuan Dynasty. 2.1. Kublai Khan. 2.1.1. A Hybrid Model of Government and Cultural Exchange with the West. Excursus: Kublai Khan and the Polos. 2.2 Kublai’s Successors and the End of the Yuan Dynasty. 2.3 Withdrawal to Mongolia and Establishment of the Northern Yuan Dynasty. 3. The Chagatai Khanate. 3.1. The Chagatai Khanate as Vassal of the Ogodeid Kaidu. 3.2. The Khanate Regains its Independence. 3.3. The Division of the Khanate. 4. The Il-Khanids in Iran. 4.1. The Non-Muslim Il-Khans. Excursus: Rabban Bar Sauma and Rabban Markos: Nestorian ‘Marco Polos’ from Asia. 4.2. The Muslim Il-Khans. 4.3. The Cultural Legacy of the Il-Khanids. 5. The Golden Horde. 5.1. The Blue Horde of the Batu Khan. 5.2. The White Hoard of Orda Khan. IX. TIMUR-E LANG NAND THE THIMURIDS. 1. Timur-e Lang’s Military Campaigns. Excursus: Teo European Eyewitnesses: Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo and Johannes Schiltberger. 2. Timur’s Successors: the Timurids. 3. Timurid Art and Architecture. X. OUTLOOK. Appendices. Appendix A: The Most Important Denominations of Islam and Early Muslim Dynasties Outside Central Asia. Appendix B: The Most Important Dynasties of Central Asia from the Ninth to the Early Sixteen Centuries. Notes. Bibliography. List of Maps. Photo Credits. Acknowledgements. Index. Concepts. People. Places. PROFESSIONAL REVIEWS: REVIEW: When I first visited the complex of Buddhist cave grottoes, dating from the fifth to the 14th century, at Bezekilk in Xinjiang province, China, I was struck by the destruction wreaked on them by Muslims whose religion proscribes figurative images of human beings. Eyes had been gouged out and figures lacerated with knives. When and by whom had the vandalism of these exquisite and colourful portraits been done? I later learnt that the Buddhist Uyghurs of the Kingdom of Qocho and Turfan, in which Bezekilk was situated, were converted to Islam by conquest during a holy war at the hands of the Muslim Chagatai Khizr Khwaja. Not easy information to assimilate. The activities of Genghis Khan and the Mongol hordes are widely known but not always in detail. What dynasties did they sweep away on their destructive paths of pillage and conquest? Many of the dynasties they conquered were under the influence of Islam. Yet in their turn, these Muslims had overcome Sogdian princedom resistance in the ninth century. Central Asian history can be confusing for the non-specialist. Into this confusion steps Christoph Baumer with a masterly third volume in his four-volume series on Central Asia, covering the Age of Islam and the Mongols. With his consummate academic and archaeological professionalism, Baumer cuts through the historical smokescreen and gives a detailed and authoritative account appropriate for both scholar and layman alike. He explains that prior to the eighth century, Islam had established itself in Central Asia through a combination of Iranian book and Turkish sword. Turkic-Muslim dynasties were established and Islam offered these new dynasties an ideological method of breaking down borders between warring clans and tribes. By the mid-11th century, science, scholarship and the arts flourished as this newly established Central Asian hegemony spread to other parts of the Muslim world. This cultural development in turn is followed between 1000 and 1220 by a complete reconfiguration of the region — ethnically, linguistically and politically — by further Islamic Turkic migrations and through dynasties they established such as the Seljuks, the Karakhanids, and the Ghaznavids. However, from the mid-12th to the mid-13th centuries, Genghis Khan and his successors abruptly and comprehensively extinguished this cultural Islamic renaissance with the establishment of a Mongol empire — which became the largest land empire ever known, more than three times the size of the United States, and remained in a mutated form until the last great Mogul of India was deposed in 1857. A non-Mongol’s life under their jurisdiction was worth considerably less than that of a good horse. ‘There is no better place for an enemy of our nation than the grave,’ said Genghis Khan, in answer to his son Joshi’s appeal for clemency for a prisoner. However, the Mongols were secular rulers with no regard for any one particular religion and had a great inquisitiveness about all of them. Not for them the eradication of Buddhist images. ‘Just as God has given the hand several fingers, so he has given mankind several paths,’ explained the religiously broadminded Great Khan Monke to a Franciscan monk in 1254. But unlike the Muslims, the Mongols did not create political structures in their territories. Their subsequent destructive forays into Russia and Europe brought them into contact with constantly warring European dynasties and principalities, yet not a single Mongol regime was established. What did flourish in the aftermath of their invasions was trade. When in the 1270s the Mongols encountered stern opposition from the Egyptian Mamelukes, they abandoned their role of ruthless conquerors and tried to treat with European kings and popes for military alliances. This was a development of huge consequence for Europeans, which led to the spread of geographical knowledge of an unknown region and more importantly to trade with Central Asia and beyond. Many have written about Genghis Khan and his successors’ national and international military campaigns. But seldom has the prose been so lucid and the illustrations so illuminating. In the Great Khan’s own words, ‘All the face of the earth from the going up of the sun to its going down [has been] given [to me by God].’ Under Baumer’s expert guidance and firm hand, historians, religious scholars and the non-specialist can follow Genghis Khan’s Islamic predecessors and the Mongols along the surface of the earth. [The Spectator]. REVIEW: The third volume in Christoph Baumer’s history of Central Asia is as accomplished as its predecessors The Age of the Steppe Warriors and The Age of the Silk Roads. The Age of Islam and the Mongols picks up, as they say, where we left off: it runs basically from the 8th-century Abbassids through the 15th-century’s Tamerlane. Large parts of this later story—the Abbasid Caliphate, Islamic science, rise of the Mongols, even Tamerlane—are reasonably well-known and well-written about elsewhere. Baumer’s treatment however has two related strengths. First, he includes everything and everyone else that aren’t as well-known: the Pechenegs, Kipchaks, the Khitans, Onguts, Seljuks, the Tanguts and a myriad of others. Second, he ties them all into a coherent narrative. Europe- or China-centric histories have tended to see these peoples as one-at-a-time, more or less barbarian nomadic invaders of stable civilized societies who had to be fought, co-opted or appeased. One after another they come from outside: Avars, Bulgars, Turks, Mongols, Magyars. But viewed from Central Asia, the intrusions are seen for what they are: ripples, to a large extent random, emanating from disturbances in the steppe and lapping on distant shores. Islam, coming from Central Asia’s west, might be seen as aberration in the pattern, but Baumer shows that once the initial lightning Arab advance petered out on the frontiers of China—covered in the previous volume—Central Asian peoples made Islam, as they had made Buddhism before it, their own. The resulting societal cohesion let to urbanization while the expanded international contacts led to “a brilliant effervescence of science, art and architecture”. The Turkic horse warriors were soon subsumed by this Muslim-Persian culture and way of life. The Mongols turned much of this on its head for at least a time. They “epitomised,” writes Baumer, “the absolute dominance of steppe warriors over towns, cities and states.” Settled, agrarian areas were turned back to pastureland. Yet in both Iran and China, “the Mongols contributed significantly to the development of unified nation states.” Baumer’s treatment makes clear the complexity and fluidity of the Central Asian situation. China remains China throughout; Iran reasserts a Persian identity. But between these two, peoples and polities continually come and go, assembling and reassembling in new combinations. Europe was complex as well, but Central Asia—with the possible exception of Iran—had little that corresponded to Germany, France or England. Baumer seems to have a soft spot for Christians, or perhaps realizes where the sympathies and interests of much of his readership probably lie. Georgia gets extensive treatment, in spite of being at the far periphery of the region. Nestorian Christian travelers to the West, such as Rabban Bar Sauma who traveled from what is now Beijing all the way to Paris, and Western travelers to Central Asia—including William of Rubruck and Giovanni da Pian del Carpine as well as course the Polo family—receive lengthy, multi-page sidebars. These, as well as the various Nestorian Christian monuments and inscriptions, are fascinating, so one can hardly dispute their inclusion, but their significance to the overall flow of history seems less clear. Baumer, on the other hand, has little time for Tamerlane, whom he relegates to little more than an extended appendix. Unlike the Mongols, who “aimed to create an empire”, and worked on administration and economic development, Timur remained an opportunistic warlord who pursued little more than fame and booty. It is not to disparage Baumer’s scholarship and prose to say that this book’s strength, as was the case with the others, is in the photos. To call the volume “lavishly illustrated” is to miss the point: it is an act of curation. The illustrations are diverse, well-chosen, relevant and illuminating. From gravestones and military citadels to landscapes, churches, mosques, manuscripts and reconstructions, the illustrations and striking, beautiful and endlessly fascinating. [Asian Review of Books]. REVIEW: This lavishly illustrated book provides a most welcome overview of an often overlooked region during a still more neglected period of history. Addressing the rise of the independent Iranian states that had begun to throw off the Arab stranglehold which descended upon the whole region in the seventh century, Chrstoph Baumer charts the re-emergence of the Persians and establishment of those Iranian dynastic regimes that succeeded in distancing themselves from the Abbasid caliphs and expanded to the east. This is a hugely ambitious project, but Baumer has succeeded in presenting magnificent vision of medieval Turkestan, combining concise and comprehensive narrative with gorgeous, often startling but always captivating and vivid images. This is a remarkable book which maintains the exemplary standards which have earned the author his fully deserved reputation. [George :Lane, University of London]. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: I'm a huge fan of this history and have awaited each succeeding volume like a kid expecting the next Harry Potter. That said, if you want to learn why Central Asia is so important to human history, you'd probably be better off to begin with Starr's book Lost Enlightenment. The “‘Stans” aren't just hard questions on Jeopardy, and they produced a lot more than ravening hordes, though they that too. Philosophy, religion, medicine, astronomy, architecture, and many other fields owe a lot to the region. REVIEW: We have been looking forward to the third volume for a while now. It was well worth the wait. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). All domestic shipments and most international shipments will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site) and free insurance coverage. A small percentage of international shipments may require an additional fee for tracking and/or delivery confirmation. If you are concerned about a little wear and tear to the book in transit, I would suggest a boxed shipment - it is an extra $1.00. Whether via padded mailer or box, we will give discounts for multiple purchases. International orders are welcome, but shipping costs are substantially higher. Most international orders cost an additional $12.99 to $33.99 for an insuredshipment in a heavily padded mailer, and typically includes some form of rudimentary tracking and/or delivery confirmation (though for some countries, this is only available at additional cost). However this book is quite heavy, and it is too large to fit into a flat rate mailer. Therefore the shipping costs are somewhat higher than what is otherwise ordinary. There is a discount program which can cut postage costs by 50% to 75% if you’re buying about half-a-dozen books or more (5 kilos+). Rates and available services vary a bit from country to country. You can email or message me for a shipping cost quote, but I assure you they are as reasonable as USPS rates allow, and if it turns out the rate is too high for your pocketbook, we will cancel the sale at your request. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per book (for each additional book after the first) so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. All of our shipments are sent via insured mail so as to comply with PayPal requirements. We do NOT recommend uninsured shipments, and expressly disclaim any responsibility for the loss of an uninsured shipment. Unfortunately the contents of parcels are easily “lost” or misdelivered by postal employees – even in the USA. That’s why all of our domestic shipments (and most international) shipments include a USPS delivery confirmation tag; or are trackable or traceable, and all shipments (international and domestic) are insured. We do offer U.S. Postal Service Priority Mail, Registered Mail, and Express Mail for both international and domestic shipments, as well United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (Fed-Ex). Please ask for a rate quotation. We will accept whatever payment method you are most comfortable with. If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world - but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE."

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