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NEW H/C "Beyond Death" Chinchorro Mummies Ancient Chile Peru Daily Life 6,000 BC

CAD 79.45 Buy It Now 7d, CAD 19.85 Shipping, 30-Day Returns

Seller: ancientgifts (4,186) 99.3%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 122137561760 TRANSLATE Arabic Chinese French German Greek Indonesian Italian Hindi Japanese Korean Swedish Portuguese Russian Spanish Your browser does not support JavaScript. To view this page, enable JavaScript if it is disabled or upgrade your browser. Click here to see almost 800 archaeology/ancient history books and 500 authentic ancient artifacts on our eBay store! Beyond Death: The Chinchorro Mummies of Ancient Chile by Bernardo T. Arriaza, Foreword by John W. Verano. DESCRIPTION: Hardcover with Dust Jacket: 176 pages. Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press; (1995). Thousands of years before ancient Egyptians mummified their dead elite, the South American Chinchorros performed elaborate mummification rituals for deceased members of every level and age of their society. The Chinchorros are exceptional for the sheer number of known mummies, nearly two hundred, and the variety and complexity of their mummification techniques. Although first discovered in 1917, the Chinchorro mummies are little known throughout the world and most literature about them is in Spanish. In "Beyond Death" Bernardo Arriaza brings to light these unprecedented remains, offers new interpretations of Chinchorro mortuary practices, and reconstructs this culture's daily life of 8,000 years ago. While this early South American society left no written record describing their customs and concept of death, the mummified remains provide clues to their culture. The Chinchorros lived as fishermen on the Pacific Coast of Northern Chile and Southern Peru for millennia. While they did not have ceramics, woven cloth, or metal tools, the early Chinchorros developed a complex process of skinning, eviscerating, and reconstructing a body so that it has remained preserved for 8,000 years. Arriaza details three distinctive styles of mummification in addition to bandaged mummies: the earliest "black mummies" coated with manganese paste; the "red mummies" coasted with red ocher; and the mud-coasted mummies of the latest period. Arriaza describes the clothing, simple ornaments, and everyday tools that accompanied the bodies, and he speculates that people who concentrated so much energy in caring for their dead must have had a strong belief in the afterlife. Drawing on evidence from archaeology, biology, and Andean cosmology, Arriaza discusses the Chinchorro notion of death, their supernatural beliefs, and their daily life. He identifies certain health problems; recurrent ear irritations, intestinal parasites, osteoporosis, and arthritis, and ties these to the maritime diet, high fertility rate, and lifestyle. By closely "reading" the mummified remains, he characterizes the society as sedentary, nonviolent, and egalitarian. The Chinchorro mummified their dead, regardless of sex or age, including even stillborn babies. The mortuary ritual was used not as a sign of wealth or political power, as in later imperial cultures, but as an act of love and ancestor worship. In "Beyond Death", Arriaza focuses attention on the oldest known culture that practiced artificial mummification and he demonstrates that mummies can provide innovative scientific means of exploring the social and biological life of long-vanished peoples. CONDITION: New, never read. PLEASE SEE IMAGES BELOW FOR SAMPLE PAGES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEW: REVIEW: Drawing on evidence from archaeology, biology, and Andean cosmology, the author discusses the Chinchorro notion of death, their supernatural beliefs, and their daily life. Focuses attention on the oldest known culture that practiced artificial mummification. The author, Bernardo T. Arriaza is an assistant professor at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and an adjunct researcher at the University de Tarapaca, Chile. PROFESSIONAL REVIEW: REVIEW: Comprehensive study of 282 examples permits classification, description, and interpretation of mummification techniques and of details of health, diet, technology, settlement, and society between 5000 and 1700 BC. Argues that mummification was invented in Arica-Camerones region to insure continuity of life in the context of environmental uncertainty. READER REVIEW: REVIEW: I have to admit to a fascination with mummies that dates to when I first saw one at the Chicago museum as a child. I remember purchasing a slender volume at that time about mummies and their preparation, making myself a young "expert" on the subject. Over the years I have had the opportunity to see and read about other types of mummiform bodies including the wonderful collection of Pharonic aristocracy at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and the Inca collection in Lima, Peru. I've read with interest the discovery of the Chalcolithic Tyrolean mummy, Otzi the Iceman, of Jaunita and her "siblings" abandoned on the peaks of the Andes, and of the Tarium mummies of the China deserts. The Chinchorro mummies of Chile are an even earlier group of preserved human remains with which I was only vaguely familiar by virtue of a mention of them on an educational program on TV. Arriaza's book elaborates on the subject in considerable detail. It discusses their accidental discovery, their place in the history of South America, the methods of their creation, and of considerable interest to me as a nurse, their health as a population. A wonderful and informative book with riveting photographic plates. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). All domestic shipments and most international shipments will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site and free insurance coverage). A small percentage of international shipments may require an additional fee for tracking and/or delivery confirmation. If you are concerned about a little wear and tear to the book in transit, I would suggest a boxed shipment - it is an extra $1.00. Whether via padded mailer or box, we will give discounts for multiple purchases. International orders are welcome, but shipping costs are substantially higher. Most international orders cost an additional $12.99 to $33.99 for an insuredshipment in a heavily padded mailer, and typically includes some form of rudimentary tracking and/or delivery confirmation (though for some countries, this is only available at additional cost). There is also a discount program which can cut postage costs by 50% to 75% if you’re buying about half-a-dozen books or more (5 kilos+). Rates and available services vary a bit from country to country. You can email or message me for a shipping cost quote, but I assure you they are as reasonable as USPS rates allow, and if it turns out the rate is too high for your pocketbook, we will cancel the sale at your request. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per book (for each additional book after the first) so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. All of our shipments are sent via insured mail so as to comply with PayPal requirements. We do NOT recommend uninsured shipments, and expressly disclaim any responsibility for the loss of an uninsured shipment. Unfortunately the contents of parcels are easily “lost” or misdelivered by postal employees – even in the USA. That’s why all of our domestic shipments (and most international) shipments include a USPS delivery confirmation tag; or are trackable or traceable, and all shipments (international and domestic) are insured. We do offer U.S. Postal Service Priority Mail, Registered Mail, and Express Mail for both international and domestic shipments, as well United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (Fed-Ex). Please ask for a rate quotation. We will accept whatever payment method you are most comfortable with. If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world - but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE."

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