Seller: lifepik77 (4,569) 100%, Location: London London, GB, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 152294683761 Roman Bronze insignia -brooch of Beneficiarius Consularis. 2nd-3rd century ADROMAN. Bronze insignia of Beneficiarius Consularis. 2nd-3rd century AD. Size, 50 mm x 20mm; weight, 9 gm. Lance-head design with ornate scrollwork on either side symbolizing office. Original pin intact . Cf. N.J. Austin & B. Rankov, Exploratio (London & New York, Routledge; reprint, 2002), pl. 10. Green patina, minor smoothing to upper surfaces. Probably silvered back in antiquity. First recorded in the second century AD, the beneficiarii consulares were individuals who served on the staff of the Roman governor and performed a number of bureaucratic functions, including the handling of important dispatches along the cursus publicus, or imperial post highway. Manning stationes, or outposts, there, they seem to have also acted as a type of customs-police. To distinguish their position, their officers carried an ornate spear-tipped standard, while the lower grades wore a similarly-styled badge, such as this specimen, on a leather belt or strap. The origin of the design is otherwise unknown.