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Seller: palatina (5,512) 100%, Location: Heidelberg, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 362341226763 Combined shipping is possible! EUROPEAN PREHISTORIC ARTIFACTS BY PALATINA AUTHENTICITY GUARANTEED! Wonderful borer from the European Palaeolithic Magdalenian Culture, dating around 12000 BP. Late Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer communities occupying much of northern and western Europe during the period 16000–10000 bc. The classic Magdalenian is concentrated in southern France and northern Spain, but it can also be recognized extending northwards into Britain and eastwards into the North European Plain in Germany, Poland, and as far as the Sudost River in Russia. The name is taken from the type-site rock-shelter of La Madeleine in the Dordogne Valley of southwest France. The Magdalenian stone industry is characterized by small geometrically shaped implements, especially triangles and semilunar blades, that were probably set into bone or antler handles for use, burins, scrapers, borers, backed bladelets, and shouldered and leaf-shaped projectile points. Bone was used extensively to make wedges, adzes, hammers, spear heads with link shafts, barbed points and harpoons, eyed needles, and jewellery. Their economy was based on reindeer hunting and fishing, and there is evidence of occupied caves as well as open sites. Some of the finest cave art in France and northern Spain can be attributed to these communities, as can a great many decorated bone and ivory pieces. The Magdalenian followed the Solutrean and Aurignacian and was succeeded by the simplified Azilian. Magdalenian culture disappeared as the cool, near-glacial climate of the late Devensian Stage warmed and the animal herds the communities depended upon became scarce. This wonderful tool is made of Platy chert ( tabular chert, "crusted hornstone") Material (geologic): Upper Jurassic (Tithonian/Malm ?) chert. The occurrence of the material under discussion here is limited to one of the Upper Jurassic basins in the southern Franconian Alb The most important type of chert is without a doubt the tabular to platy chert of the Baiersdorf-type. This material occurs in tablets with a thickness of up to a few centimetres, but most typically the plates used in prehistory are about 1 cm thick. The colour varies between light gray, gray, olive gray, brown to reddish brown, but brownish gray to grayish brown hues are most typical. Partly covered with a thicker and smoother chalky cortex. Knapping notes: The material knaps very nicely. The thicker tablets are a bit coarser, giving quite straight fractures without pronounced bulbs of percussion. Preparation is hardly necessary as the edges with cortex always give good ridges for blades and elongated flakes to follow. The thinner tablets are a lot finer and are easily worked too, but I find them too thin to used them as cores. They are ideal for making bifaces and can be retouched very nicely by pressure flaking, and that is why the material was very popular during the Late Neolithic. The use of the typical tabular chert starts in the Middle Paleolithic, as a few specimens in the nearby Sesselfelsgrotte show. In the Upper Paleolithic it becomes a very popular material, with for example the whole Gravettian in the Sesselfelsgrotte being characterized by the working of tabular Jurassic chert (Weißmuller 1995b). Provenance is an old German collection. More details will follow the artifacts. I guarantee absolutely for the authenticity. Please view also my other auctions with relics from the European Prehistory. etope-lister

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