1786 -1567 BC Hyksos Scarabs Egyptian Revival Necklace 18K Gold /37.5cm/51gr

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller optimistic555 (1,152) 100%, Location: Copenhagen, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 323806214141 Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE This a unique opportunity to buy extremely rare and strikingly unusual antique necklace,fine example of Egyptian Revival jewelry composed of 14 genuine ca.1786 -1567 BC ancient Hyksos Egyptian / Middle Eastern Soapstone or Steatite Scarabs assembled /swivel set into solid 18K Yellow Gold frame between ca. 1800s- 1850s somewhere in Europe. All scarabs can be rotated around the axes. Each golden bezel was individually made to fit specific dimensions of each beetle.The V-lock part and the security chain are made of Silver. Length of the necklace is 37.5 cm / it's a chocker. To make it longer you will need to replace or extend the existing 18K Gold chains for longer ones.Weight of the piece: 51 grams / of which about a half is a weight of 18K Gold metal parts. Condition is fine used / as found - I didn't try to clean it.It seems that the scarabs are covered with tinted beeswax-like substance. All parts securely set /attached to each- other. Ready to use again. Most of these or likely all of these beetles date approximately to the period called Second Intermediate Period of Egypt ca.1650 -1550 BC when Ancient Egypt fell into disarray for a second time, between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the New Kingdom. It is best known as the period when the Hyksos made their appearance in Egypt and whose reign comprised the Fifteenth dynasty. These scarabs are Made of Steatite - very unusual natural mineral that initially is rather soft and easy to carve on but it undergoes transformations when heated to temperatures of 1000–1200 °C turning into Enstatite and Cristobalite; in the Mohs scale, this corresponds to an increase in hardness to 5.5–6.5 and that makes it very suitable material for making jewelery like these scarabs.This future of Steatite was known to ancients and they used this material in its initial naturally softer state to carve and shape the way they wanted to and would burn it in the oven when ready making it much harder.The scarabs would often undergo second heating to apply enamels of various colors or were painted them with certain long - lasting natural dies - some beetles show reddish glaze or paint still present (note N. 9 and 10) ,two are black colored (N.3 and 11). Once these scarabs were common form of "charm" which everyone could afford and easily wear strung on a cord on their person. Most scarabs were made for the living, both rich and the poor. The small magical object was believed imbued with particular protective powers that warded off evil and provided good things for the owner for this life and also for the next, particularly when sewn to mummy wrappings. All scarabs in this set are one-of a kinds genuine ancient pieces. All bottoms are flat and demonstrate the decorations - cartouches typical for Egyptian iconography. Because of the extraordinary skills of ancient carvers, some patterns on these scarabs are very difficult to reproduce today and could hardly be carved by hand in our time: only a modern computer controlled pantograph could do the same job (N.5,6,7,10,11) General access to the Internet makes the ID process of such items much easier today than it would be say a couple of decades ago. Just search for words like "Steatite Egyptian Scarab" or " Hyksos Scarab" and you will find a lot of information about Second Intermediate Period of Egypt, Hyksos invasion and many images of similar (but never the same!) Hyksos scarabs that were excavated around Mediterranean. I easily found many similar pieces from museum and private collections that look very much alike (but not the same) the ones I have here : N1 : 15mm long ,top part grinned off amd mounted into the golden lock casing ,show great detailed carving of a goat or an antelope - very common Hyksos design. N2 : 14 mm long, carved design of a hawk and two uraeii /cobras N3 : 13 mm long, two "ankh" heiroglyphics representing life and swirled decor in the center,very typical Hyksos design N4 : 16 mm long , carved design of a Goddess,likely Anubis and a figure of a Dead in front of him. N5 : 16 mm long, 11 deep-groove concentric circles with remnants of dark colored enamel still visible,very typical Hyksos design N6 : 18.5 mm long with body of the scarab nicely carved engraved spiral scrols ,very typical Hyksos design. N7 : 22 mm long,three figures,one knelled N8 : 18 mm long, a figure of sitting pharaoh N9 : 18 mm long , two "ankh" heiroglyphics representing life with probably the name of a pharaoh in between. N10 : 18 mm long,body of the scarab nicely carved,cross - seal design on the other side. N11 : 16 mm long,black,unknown design N12 : 15 mm long.Very unusual piece I could not find any reference to any similar - there are three small scarabs in the shape of one (Egyptians divided their gods into trinities),remnants of red paint,likely carved name of a pharaoh on the reverse side.Second unusual future of this scarab is that it was mounted in different way with its body rotating around vertical axes,not horizontal like the rest of the scarabs. N13 : 13 mm long,very small scaled but complicated geometrical design.This beetle has a line with remnants of red paint going across it's body - likely it was mounted on a ring in ancient times. N14 : 10 mm long,likely design of 2 carved fish. Footnotes: No one can say for sure who actually were those Hyksos invaders,some suggest that they were semitic people that came from Levant (ie. Syria or Canaan).Others associate them with Hurrian-speaking people that came down from the ancient land of Mittani once located on Armenian Highlands and northern Syria.They used advanced composite bows and body armor and were first to use speedy and light-weight chariots in the battles against their enemies.These futures allowed them to enslave semitic tribes they encountered on the way and to defeat Egyptian army taking control of the whole country for short period of time. To make it easier to imagine how old these pieces are one needs to mention that these beetles were made before Exodus when Mosses led Jews to the promised land of Israel at about 16th cent BC. Some sources state that The Hyksos invaders took over much of Lower Egypt around 1650 BC and founded a new capital at Avaris. Hyksos used Egyptian titles associated with traditional Egyptian kingship, and took Egyptian god Seth(Set)to represent their own titulary deity.Judaism was Egyptian SET worship from the Hyksos Pharoahs that where expelled from Egypt. They where converted to Zoroastrian monotheism by the Persian Emperor Cyrus the Great who became the Messiah and ordered the building of the temple. He was making a buffer state for his Persian Empire In the late 1700s,Napoleon’s military campaign in Northern Africa inspired a new global trend for exotic pieces with Egyptian Revivalist motifs. Europeans adored rich mysterious symbolism behind Egyptian-inspired jewelry.Scarabs in Ancient Egypt represent rebirth, resurrection,and the Eternal Soul.The Scarab is one of the most notable and recurring symbols in ancient Egyptian mythology and therefore became a common theme in Egyptian revival jewelry during this time. Note:I got this necklace together with bracelet futuring 8 other unique ancient Hyksos scarabs set into solid 21K Gold frame of different design.That bracelet will sell separately soon. Buyers from EU countries will be charged extra 25 % of the sum stated above/ EU tax.I do my best to photograph and describe condition as accurately as possible.If there are questions about an item, please email me before you bid and before you buy it Style: Choker, Metal Purity: 18K, Main Stone: Scarab, Metal: Gold

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