18thC Antique 3½ct Malachite Ancient Egyptian Eyeshadow Jewelry Tomb Paintings

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Seller: ancientgifts ✉️ (5,283) 100%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, US, Ships to: WORLDWIDE, Item: 123180691547 18thC Antique 3½ct Malachite Ancient Egyptian Eyeshadow Jewelry Tomb Paintings. Antique Eighteenth Century Genuine Natural Russian Variegated Malachite Semi-Precious Gemstone Ovals. Mounted into contemporary high quality Sterling Silver studs. CLASSIFICATION: Cabochon Malachite Ovals. ORIGIN: Southern Urals of Russia, 18th Century. SIZE: Length: 8mm. Width: 6mm. Depth: 3mm. All measurements approximate. WEIGHT: 3.58 carats (total weight). NOTE: Other setting styles (euro clicks, lever backs, kidney wires, ball/stud dangles) are available upon request, both in sterling silver, as well as 14kt solid gold and in 14kt gold fill. NOTE: If you would like only the gemstones, and not the settings, we can dismount the gemstones and offer you the gemstones without the settings. Just let us know, and yes, we’ll discount the price by the cost of the settings. DETAIL: In the ancient world malachite was a famous and very popular semi-precious stone. The Egyptians seem to have been the first to mine and use malachite as early as 4000 B.C. In addition to use in the manufacture of amulets and jewelry, malachite was ground for use as eye shadow and as pigment for tomb paintings. The application of eye shadow was believed to provide psychic protection as well. The Egyptian word for eye-palette is derived from their word for "protect." An unadorned and therefore unprotected eye was believed vulnerable to the “Evil Eye”. Outlining the eyes thus gained significance beyond beautification. The act itself created a personal protective amulet drawn directly on the skin; an amulet that once applied could not be broken, lost, or stolen. Found in tombs of the pre-dynastic period, eye makeup equipment (palettes, grinders and applicators) seems to have also been essential for the afterlife. Malachite gets its name from the Greek word "Mala'khe", which refers to its green color. Following in the Egyptians' footsteps, Greeks also made jewelry and talismans from malachite to ward off evil spells and thoughts. Here are two gorgeous, richly colored variegated malachite gemstones from the centuries old mines in the Southern Urals of Russia. The gemstones were hand shaped and polished into these very beautiful oval cabochons by an 18th century Russian artisan. The result is a pair of exquisite and incredibly richly colored precious gemstones with lots of depth and gorgeous tone. They are truly very rich and colorful green gemstones, immensely popular with the royal houses of Renaissance Europe. The Southern Ural Mountains of Russia and France were the source of the malachite which was so popular in the ancient classical Mediterranean world. And archaeological discoveries show that this breathtaking and striking gemstone was extremely popular in ancient Egypt as long ago as 4,000 B.C. Gemstone quality malachite is in high demand, and can be quite costly, and this is exceptionally good quality malachite, gorgeous and richly colored. The earring settings are of contemporary origin. They are high quality settings manufactured by one of the USA’s leading semi-custom mount producers. They are constructed of sterling silver. They are not cheap, silver electroplated earrings. It is genuine sterling silver, designed to last a lifetime. It's a first-class piece of jewelry throughout. We can reset in 14kt solid gold upon request, and there are also many other setting styles available upon request. Under magnification the gemstones show the unmistakable characteristics of having been hand crafted. The coarseness of the 18th century finish is considered appealing to most gemstone collectors, and is not considered a detriment, or detract from the value of a gemstone. But these characteristics are not only expected of hand-finished gemstones, most serious collectors consider such gemstones more desirable, possessed of greater character and uniqueness when compared to today's cookie-cutter mass-produced machine-tumbled gemstones. Unlike today’s computer controlled machine produced gemstones, the cut and finish of a gemstone such as these is the legacy of an artisan who lived two centuries ago. For most, the unique nature and character of antique gemstones such as this more than makes up for minute blemishes which by and large, are only visible under magnification. MALACHITE HISTORY: Malachite and Azurite, closely related forms of oxidized copper ore, both occur in the upper levels of copper deposits. Malachite is approximately 57% copper which gives it its distinctive green color. If blue azurite is left exposed to the elements for an extended period of time, it will slowly weather and become green malachite. The weathering process involves the replacement of some the carbon dioxide (CO2) molecules in azurite with water (H2O) molecules. This changes the carbonate to hydroxide ratio of azurite from 1:1 to the 1:2 ratio of malachite. Of course then it would come as no surprise to learn that both malachite and azurite are oftentimes found together in the same gemstone. Due to its beauty and relative softness polished malachite (and azurite) has been carved into ornaments, amulets, gemstones, and worn as jewelry for thousands of years. Malachite gets its name from the Greek word "Mala'khe", which means “rose mallow” (hibiscus), referring to the mallow leaf which is colored much the same as malachite. Varieties of mallow are quite common throughout the temperate zones of Europe, where the leaves are oftentimes used in salads. In the ancient world malachite was a famous and very popular semi-precious stone. Its banded light and dark green patterns are unique in the gemstone world, and give it a unique ornamental quality unlike that of any other stone available to ancient artisans. One of mankind’s first green pigments, azurite beads believed more than 9,000 years old have been found near the ancient city of Jericho in Israel. The oldest malachite decoration on record is estimated to be 10,500 years old. It was uncovered by archeologists in the Shanidar Valley, Iraq. Powdered malachite was used in Egypt as eye shadow even before the first Egyptian dynasty (3100 B.C.). It was also used for tomb paintings from the Fourth Dynasty (2575-2467 B.C.) onwards. Malachite was even considered sacred to the ancient Egyptians, as they believed it was an aid to spiritual communication. Also used for the production of jewelry and amulets, archaeological evidence suggests that the ancient Egyptians first starting mining Malachite about 4,000 B.C. in the Sinai, near what is now the Suez Canal, and in the famous King Solomon's copper mines on the Red Sea (the Timna Valley in present-day Israel). The Sinai area and its mines were considered under the spiritual dominion of Hathor, the Egyptian goddess of beauty, joy, love and women. Ruins of the old mines, the miners' huts and inscriptions to the Goddess Hathor can still be found in the Sinai. Taweret, the Egyptian hippo goddess of childbirth, was often depicted wearing a necklace of many large beads, some of which were malachite. In ancient Egypt as well as other ancient cultures, malachite was used as a children's talisman to ward off danger, accidents and illness. Even today some cultures will attach malachite to infant's cradles. Malachite was a symbol of joy in ancient Egypt, and the phrase "field of malachite" was used when speaking of the land of the dead. The ancient Egyptians also wore malachite as a protective amulet against the spells of sorcerers and witches, and also believed that wearing malachite in bands around the head and arms protected the wearer from the frequent cholera epidemics that ravaged Egypt, a logical conclusion since the slaves who mined malachite were often unaffected by the plagues. The alleged cholera-protection powers of malachite may have been due in part to copper's antibacterial properties. During the cholera epidemics in Paris of 1832, 1849 and 1852, copper workers appeared to be immune to the disease. Keeping that in mind, the use of powdered malachite mixed as eye shadow in ancient Egypt while conferring beauty and style on the wearer, also had other more practical uses. When used as eye shadow, malachite possessed disinfectant and fly-deterrent properties and is believed to have protected eyes from the intense Egyptian sun. The application of eye shadow was believed to provide psychic protection as well. The Egyptian word for eye-palette is derived from their word for "protect." An unadorned and therefore unprotected eye was believed vulnerable to the “Evil Eye”. Outlining the eyes thus gained significance beyond beautification. The act itself created a personal protective amulet drawn directly on the skin; an amulet that once applied could not be broken, lost, or stolen. Found in tombs of the pre-dynastic period, eye makeup equipment (palettes, grinders and applicators) seems to have also been essential for the afterlife. Following in the Egyptians' footsteps, Greeks also made jewelry and talismans from malachite to ward off evil spells and thoughts. The Greeks also made use of malachite in monumental architecture. According to the first-century Roman Historian and Naturalist “Pliny the Elder”, the famous Temple of Diana (Artemis) in Ephesus (built in 560 B.C.), one of the “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World” (four times as large as Athens’ Parthenon), was extensively decorated with malachite. The Greeks also wore amulets composed of malachite for protection from evil-doers. Since the sun was the enemy of all creatures from the "dark side," an image of the sun was engraved on malachite to protect the wearer from enchantments (“spells”), evil spirits and attacks of venomous creatures. The ancient Romans also made use of malachite for both jewelry as well as eye shadow. The stone was considered sacred to Venus/Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love, and was used in spells to increase charm and beauty or attract wealthy lovers. The stone was also believed sacred to the Goddess Juno, and was sometimes referred to as the “peacock” stone. The peacock was the distinctive symbol and protégé of Juno. However it could simply be that malachite’s concentric rings resemble the eye like pattern on the peacock feather. Malachite was also referred to in the New Testament as one of the foundation stones of the post-apocalyptic New Jerusalem. "The foundations of the city wall were faced with all kinds of precious stone; the first with diamond, the second lapis lazuli...the eighth malachite…” The ancient beliefs that malachite could be used as a talisman both to protect children as well to protect wearers from the evil eye, black magic, and sorcery expanded into mainstream Europe by the Middle Ages. Malachite was also worn by travelers so as to detect impending danger, thought to break into pieces when danger was near. During the Middle Ages powdered malachite was also used as a cure for vomiting, and many Medieval cultures believed that malachite would alleviate menstrual cramps and aid labor, and malachite was often referred to as "the midwife's stone". Malachite gained great popularity during the Renaissance. Historically the most important deposits of malachite and malachite occured at Chessy, near Lyon, in France; in the Ural Mountains of Russia. Discovered in the foothills of the Urals near Ekaterinburg in 1635, by 1820, high quality malachite had become very fashionable for jewelry, frequently mounted in gold and adorned with diamonds. Malachite is now relatively rare, however the deposits in the Ural Mountains in Russia routinely produced blocks of malachite up to 20 tons in weight (the largest weighing a staggering 260 tons), and was used to decorate the palaces of the Russian tsars, including the famous Anichkov Palace in Saint Petersburg, and the 264,000 square foot Grand Kremlin Palace in Moscow wherein the “Catherine Hall”, the royal family’s private chambers, contained massive malachite-faced pilasters. Perhaps some of the most famous malachite in the world is the “Malachite Room” of the Winter Palace of the Russian Royal family (now known as “The Hermitage” Museum, also in Saint Petersburg). Designed in the late 1830’s, the Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, the wife of Nicholas I, used it as her drawing-room. The room, including eight columns, eight pilasters, fire-place trimmings and decorative vases is made completely of malachite. Gigantic pieces of malachite were used to make the columns of St. Isaac's Cathedral as well, also in Saint Petersburg, wherein malachite faces eight of the ten huge Corinthian columns that support the three-tier two-hundred foot gilded iconostasis (the icon wall that separates the altar from the rest of the church). By the 1870’s, the vast malachite deposits in the Ural Mountains had been virtually depleted to produce these massive architectural wonders. Today, as for millennia past, malachite is been used as an ornamental stone and as a gemstone. Still relatively rare, it possess a distinctive bright green color, and when polished often resembles marble. Throughout the history of the ancient world, gemstones were believed capable of curing illness, possessed of valuable metaphysical properties, and to provide protection. Found in Egypt dated 1500 B. C., the "Papyrus Ebers" offered one of most complete therapeutic manuscripts containing prescriptions using gemstones and minerals. Gemstones were not only valued for their medicinal and protective properties, but also for educational and spiritual enhancement. The medicinal uses of malachite, according to ancient sources, included its use as an antidote to nausea. It was also believed to be helpful in treating ailments of the heart, throat, asthma, spleen, pancreas, liver, kidney, lungs, asthma, motion sickness, vertigo, hypertension, diabetes, tumors, broken bones, torn muscles, and for reducing swelling and inflammation related to arthritis. In Medieval Europe malachite was worn with the belief that it stimulated the optic nerve, and improved vision impaired by cataracts. Some also feel this gemstone can enhance the immune system and decrease the wearer's susceptibility to radiation illnesses and injury from the electromagnetic pollution arising from the excessive use of televisions, computers and computer monitors, and cell phones. On the metaphysical plane, malachite was held conducive to increased knowledge, patience, tolerance, flexibility, harmony, and useful in balancing the physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual aspects of the individual. Contemporary practitioners associate malachite with spiritual growth, as it is said to overcome the bad memories and experiences that took place in past. Many believe that this stone helps to reduce anger, to increase psychic awareness, wisdom, and spiritual “force”. Traditionally it has been employed to aid in the recovery from emotional illness, particularly for releasing feeling of guilt and coping with changes. Psychologically, it can be used to help recognize and release the lingering effects of negative experiences. Malachite has been also been used to promote success in business and avoid undesirable business associations. Malachite can also aid in concentration and is known as a protective stone in the field of aviation, where it is believed to stimulate awareness and prevent vertigo . Malachite is thought by some to promote friendship, fidelity in love, and to be a stone of good fortune which will bring prosperity and material abundance. Malachite is also attributed with the ability to help clear the path to reach desired goals, enhance emotional stability, and counteract any self-destructive romantic tendencies while encouraging true love. It is also believed by some to raise the wearer's spirits and aid with insecurity, confusion, and lack of purpose. SHIPPING & RETURNS/REFUNDS: Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. All of our shipments are fully insured against loss, and our shipping rates include the cost of this coverage (through stamps.com, Shipsaver.com, the USPS, UPS, or Fed-Ex). International tracking is provided free by the USPS for certain countries, other countries are at additional cost. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per item so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. We do offer U.S. Postal Service Priority Mail, Registered Mail, and Express Mail for both international and domestic shipments, as well United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (Fed-Ex). Please ask for a rate quotation. We will accept whatever payment method you are most comfortable with. Please note for international purchasers we will do everything we can to minimize your liability for VAT and/or duties. But we cannot assume any responsibility or liability for whatever taxes or duties may be levied on your purchase by the country of your residence. If you don’t like the tax and duty schemes your government imposes, please complain to them. We have no ability to influence or moderate your country’s tax/duty schemes. If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked 30-day return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price; 1) less our original shipping/insurance costs, 2) less non-refundable eBay payment processing fees. Please note that eBay does NOT refund payment processing fees. Even if you “accidentally” purchase something and then cancel the purchase before it is shipped, eBay will not refund their processing fees. So all refunds for any reason, without exception, do not include eBay payment processing fees (typically between 5% and 15%) and shipping/insurance costs (if any). If you’re unhappy with eBay’s “no fee refund” policy, and we are EXTREMELY unhappy, please voice your displeasure by contacting eBay. We have no ability to influence, modify or waive eBay policies. ABOUT US: Prior to our retirement we used to travel to Eastern Europe and Central Asia several times a year seeking antique gemstones and jewelry from the globe’s most prolific gemstone producing and cutting centers. Most of the items we offer came from acquisitions we made in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) during these years from various institutions and dealers. Much of what we generate on Etsy, Amazon and Ebay goes to support worthy institutions in Europe and Asia connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. Though we have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, our primary interests are ancient/antique jewelry and gemstones, a reflection of our academic backgrounds. Though perhaps difficult to find in the USA, in Eastern Europe and Central Asia antique gemstones are commonly dismounted from old, broken settings – the gold reused – the gemstones recut and reset. Before these gorgeous antique gemstones are recut, we try to acquire the best of them in their original, antique, hand-finished state – most of them originally crafted a century or more ago. We believe that the work created by these long-gone master artisans is worth protecting and preserving rather than destroying this heritage of antique gemstones by recutting the original work out of existence. That by preserving their work, in a sense, we are preserving their lives and the legacy they left for modern times. Far better to appreciate their craft than to destroy it with modern cutting. Not everyone agrees – fully 95% or more of the antique gemstones which come into these marketplaces are recut, and the heritage of the past lost. But if you agree with us that the past is worth protecting, and that past lives and the produce of those lives still matters today, consider buying an antique, hand cut, natural gemstone rather than one of the mass-produced machine cut (often synthetic or “lab produced”) gemstones which dominate the market today. We can set most any antique gemstone you purchase from us in your choice of styles and metals ranging from rings to pendants to earrings and bracelets; in sterling silver, 14kt solid gold, and 14kt gold fill. When you purchase from us, you can count on quick shipping and careful, secure packaging. We would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from us. There is a $3 fee for mailing under separate cover. I will always respond to every inquiry whether via email or eBay message, so please feel free to write. Condition: Antique 18th century malachite gemstones. Contemporary sterling silver earring settings (USA)., Material: Gemstone

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