1944 Chinese American Masonic Day Pamphlet With Signatures Meriden, Connecticut

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller collectiblecollectiblecollectible (651) 100%, Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 333238312172 AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE CHINESE-AMERICAN MASONIC DAY FRATERNAL VISIT OF AMITY LIDGE, NO. 106, F. & A.M. OF SHANGHAI, CHINA, P.C. TO MERIDIAN LODGE, NO. 77 CENTER LODGE, NO. 97 SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1944CITY HALL AUDITORIUM3:30 P.M. ST STANISLAUS CRYSTAL BALLROOM6:30 P.M. MERIDEN, CONNECTICUT SIGNED BY MANY MEMBERS OF THE LODGE IN CHINESE AS WELL AS ENGLISH PAGES INSIDE LIST MEMBERS, MENU, BANQUET PROGRAM, AND COMMITTEES. ALSO SIGNED BY WOR. BRO. JOE WOON LUM INSIDE WHO WAS A MASTER OFFICER OF AMITY LODGE, NO. 106 Amity Lodge # 1Under the Jurisdiction of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of ChinaAmity HistoryIn 1930, a group of American and Chinese Master Masons, all of whom were raised abroad, decided to form a Lodge in Shanghai, for the purpose to bring Free Masonry to Chinese aspirants. Charter Members of the first Chinese Lodge included Brothers George A. Fitch (later G.M. of the G.L.O.C, in Taiwan), Judge N.F. Allman, Alfred T.C. Kao, Mei Hua-Chuan. I.J. Rawlinson and James L.E. Chow. On January 27, 1931, under the Grand Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Philippines, Amity Lodge 106 (Shanghai) was chartered. This was followed by the creation of five more lodges: Nanking Lodge No.108 (Nanking), Pearl River Lodge No. 109 (Canton), Szechwan Lodge No. 112 (Cheng-tu), West Lake Lodge No. 113 (Hanzou) and Sun Lodge No. 114 (Shanghai). On March 18, 1949, The Grand Lodge Of China was consecrated at the Masonic Hall in Shanghai, and the 6 lodges were transferred and re-chartered with their original names but were renumbered as: Amity Lodge No. 1 Nanking Lodge No, 2 Pearl River Lodge No. 3 Szechwan Lodge No. 4 West Lake Lodge No. 5 Sun Lodge No. 6 Due to the civil war in China, The Grand Lodge of China ceased to function in Shanghai in 1951. It was finally reactivated in Taiwan in 1955, as was Amity Lodge No. 1, followed by Pearl River Lodge No. 3 at Tainan in 1956, Sun Lodge No. 6 at Taipei in 1956, and Szechwan Lodge No. 4 in Taichung in 1957. 1930 Shanghai waterfront WHAT IS FREEMASONRYFreemasonry is a fraternal order of men, originally deriving from the medieval fraternity of operative stonemasons. It is believed that the society arose out of the fraternity and lodges of the English and Scottish freemasons and cathedral builders of the middle ages. Freemasonry is cosmopolitan. It admits men of every nationality, religion, creed, and political persuasion; the qualifications for membership are few, such as a belief in a Supreme Being, good moral character, a fair degree of intelligence, and absence of injury or defect in body which would prevent the candidate from performing his duties as a Mason. Masonry insists that men must come to its doors of their own freewill, not as a result of solicitation. Their approach should be prompted by a variable opinion conceived of the Institution, a desire for knowledge, and a sincere wish to be of greater service to their fellow men. Masonry is not to be metered in the hope of personal gain or advancement or from mercenary or other unworthy motives. The institution of Masonry interferes with neither religion nor politics. It has for its foundation the basic principles of the Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of Man, has in it nothing inconsistent with one’s civil, moral, or religious duties. No atheist can become a Mason. Loyalty to one’s country is an essential qualification in Masonry and only those are acceptable who render a cheerful obedience to constituted authority. Masonry is not in any way an insurance society, nor does it pay benefits in case of unemployment, sickness, accident or death. Many of the uninitiated have said that Freemasonry is a secret society. A secret organization is one that would conceal its existence; hide its membership to themselves. Freemasonry does not conceal its existence; it builds its temples on conspicuous corners; the names of its members and officers are published’; it prints its Constitution, laws and purposes; its members walk in public processions; Lodges publish bulletins and Grand Lodges publish Proceedings. The rituals used in initiations etc. and the signs and grips by which its members recognize each other are secret. Its secret rites are not in order to hide the truth, but the better to teach it more impressive; to train men in its pure service and to promote union and amity upon Earth. Its signs and grips serve as a kind of universal language and still more as a gracious cover for the practice of sweet charity, making it easier to help a fellowman in plight without hurting his self respect. It can thus be said that Freemasonry is a society with secrets; not a secret society. Masonry is not a religion, not a church, but a worship in which men of all religions may unite. It is not the rival of any religion, but the friend of all, laying emphasis upon those truths which underlie all religions and are the basis and consecration of each. Masonry is not a religion, but it is religious. The objective of Masonry is to teach. It teaches good men to be better men. It teaches Fatherhood in God and in the brotherhood of Man. It teaches the need of knowledge and the need of virtue. It teaches men to circumscribe their passions. It teaches toleration and uprightness and character. A Mason is taught to live a true, honorable, upright, affectionate life from the motive of a good man. The true Mason must be, and must have a right to be content with himself; and he can be so, only when he lives, not for himself alone, but for others, who need his assistance and have a claim upon his sympathy. Masonry expects everyman to do something, with and according to his means; and if not alone, then by combination and association. Its great end is to make all men better men and thus the world a better place in which to live. Masonry is a unique institution unlike other organizations, Its mysteries have been passed down mouth to ears for centuries. It isnot a secret society, but, simply keeps Masonic information within its society and is not open to the public at large; just as a family would keep certain tacts from their neighbors. Freemasonry is an international fraternity or brotherhood of masons, whose members practice Masonic philosophy. This philosophy was derived from early stone masons who formed societies and associations to teach and help one another. Their tools and certain parts of buildings were given particular meanings. Modem masonry or speculative masonry is the study and practice of these tools and principles to build standards of conduct and morality within the individual. Its principles promote equality, tolerance, cooperation and mutual assistance among its members. “Freemasonry is the oldest and largest fraternal organization in the world. Its members and organizations can be found in every free country in the world. Freemasons associate with other men who believe in such things as: honor, integrity, patriotism, toleration, truth, compassion, friendship, trust, and knowledge. We firmly believe these tenants are important assets that every man should possess and strive for in their daily lives.” Often, Freemasonry is described as: “A system of morality veiled in allegory and illustrated by symbols.” One may also frequently hear the term: “Taking good men, and making them better.” Such expressions are ways of trying to define to the outside world a system of Fraternity that is actually not a “secret society,” but rather “a society with secrets.” These quotes are certainly not meant to confound or confuse the genuinely interested with regards to the Fraternity. However, it is extremely difficult to put into words what one must experience and interpret for themselves (hence, the use of symbols). If an explanation of what Freemasonry truly “is” were offered here, it would simply be a reflection of one individual’s interpretation and assessment of what the Fraternity and its symbols and teachings are to him. That said, we hope that our website will provide the visitor with at least some idea of the structure of the Fraternity as well as some of the defining practices and principles of the Brotherhood. A Brief Introduction of Freemasonry History of MeridenOver 300 years have passed since 1661 when Jonathan Gilbert was granted a land settlement for a farm near Cold Spring in what later became the City of Meriden. For thousands of years prior, native Americans camped here and used the land for hunting and fishing. Although they never had a permanent settlement within the boundaries of the town, evidence in the form of arrowheads and artifacts are at times still unearthed as reminders of the Quinnipiac and Mattabasset tribal presence in the area. In the 1600s and 1700s Meriden was a rural or suburban sector of the town of Wallingford. Situated halfway between the Connecticut Colony on the north (Hartford - Wethersfield) and the New Haven Colony on the south, it became a stopping place for colonists who traveled by horse or by foot. Belcher Tavern was one of its well known resting places. At that time, wolves still roamed the woods in the north of town. The first wagon did not make its appearance here until 1789. The oldest house in town still standing, built by Solomon Goffe in 1711, is now a museum located on North Colony Road. By 1724 there were approximately 35 families living in this North Farms area of Wallingford. Because it was so difficult for them to get to religious services from their scattered farms, they petitioned to have a separate meetinghouse closer to their homes. In 1727 this structure was raised on Meeting House Hill (now the corner of Ann Street and Dryden Drive), with the first burying ground set to the east. By 1728 the parish was known by the name Meriden. In 1806 the parish was recognized as the town of Meriden. When the railroad arrived in 1839 it helped change the center of town from the hill to the Pilgrim Harbor sector (near what is now downtown). In 1867 Meriden was incorporated as a city. The 1800's saw the beginning trickle of what would become a flood of manufacturing in the city. Belts, hoops, pewter, guns, cutlery, nails, buttons, lamps, ivory combs, tin ware, organs, coffee grinders, and silver, the product that would lend its luster as Meriden became the “Silver City,” were all manufactured here. Stately mansions were built as manufacturers became prosperous. Wilcox and White produced the first mechanical piano. The Northern Literary Messenger, Meriden’s first newspaper, was published. Hotels, banks and businesses grew, electric lights arrived, schools were built, parks were added, more churches and a synagogue were built. The city thrived -- with a population of over 24,000 by 1900, the year Castle Craig was dedicated in Hubbard Park. The Curtis Memorial Library opened in 1903. In 1897 the German author Gerhart Hauptmann was so impressed with the scenery around Merimere reservoir that it provided the background for his romantic drama "The Sunken Bell." In the 1920s the airport was built and the downtown traffic tower erected. The world wars and the depression brought hardships to the city as to the rest of the country. Yet in March 1944, Meriden was proud to be honored as “The Nation’s Ideal War Community” for its industrial and patriotic contributions to the nation. Monument Boulevard on Broad Street honors those Meridenites who lost their lives while serving in the armed forces during various wars. During the mid 1900s, some of the older businesses, including International Silver moved or closed. Urban redevelopment changed the look of some areas, but the “pleasant valley” (possibly the ancient meaning of the name Meriden) remained. Newly arrived immigrants added their energy to the growing town. A shopping mall was built, as were three high schools. Civic groups grew in numbers and service and Meriden became home to the first steamed cheeseburger. Daffodils, long planted at Hubbard Park, became the city's official flower with the inaugural Daffodil Festival celebrated in April, 1978. Starting with Charles Parker as the first mayor in 1867, Meriden’s city government was run by the mayor and city council until 1980 when the new city manager-city council form of government was implemented and Dana Miller was appointed the first city manager. In the past few years, Meriden's downtown has undergone a facelift, a new hospital has been erected, and many corporate headquarters have located to the east side of town on Research Parkway. City manufacturing firms produce electronics, nuclear instruments, automotive devices, plastics, gaskets, communications equipment, filters, vaccines, jewelry, food, candy, pewter, tools and machines. A new interdistrict magnet school is under construction and a barbershop museum is in the works on West Main Street. The City is proud of its past and yet looks eagerly towards its future. Meriden landmarks included on the National Register of Historic Places are Hubbard Park, The Andrews Moses Homestead, The Curtis Memorial Building, The Charter Oak Firehouse (King Travelways), The West Main Historic District, The Solomon Goffe House, The Meriden Curtain Fixture Company Factory (Charles Street Apartments), The Red Bridge near Oregon Road, and the U.S. Post Office on Colony St. Some things remain the same, some disappear and some improve, but the words Rev. J. T. Pettee wrote about Meriden in 1890 still ring true: “Of all the towns that round me rise, of all the cities that I greet, there’s none seems fairer to my eyes than that which slumbers at my feet.” Meriden is a city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, located halfway between the regional cities of New Haven and Hartford. In 2010, the population of the city was 60,868.[2] Contents1History1.118th century1.219th century to WWII1.2.1Hollywood connection (1937–50)1.2.2Legacy of Meriden's grand manufacturing era1.3WWII – 21st century2Geography2.1Principal communities3Demographics3.1Political affiliation4Transportation4.1Highway4.2Railroad4.3Bus4.4Airport5Education6Points of interest7Notable people7.1Arts and humanities7.2Business7.3Science and technology7.4Sports8Media9References10External linksHistory Solomon Goffe House (1711), Meriden (2007) Plaque commemorating Abraham Lincoln's visit to Meriden in 1860 in front of City Hall (2012) Meriden Britannia Co. electro-gold and silverplating factory, 1881) In the Los Angeles County Museum of Art collection, a punch bowl (1895) made by the Meriden Cut Glass Company, a subsidiary of the Wilcox Silver Plate Co., that later became part of the International Silver Company.18th centuryMeriden was originally a part of the neighboring town of Wallingford. It was granted a separate meetinghouse in 1727, became a town in 1806 with over 1000 residents, and incorporated as a city in 1867 with just under 9000 residents. It was once proposed as the Connecticut state capital.[4] It was named for the village of Meriden, West Midlands, England, near Birmingham. The oldest house in town still standing, built by Solomon Goffe in 1711, became a museum in 1986, the Solomon Goffe House.[5] The grave of Winston Churchill's great-great-great maternal grandfather, Timothy Jerome, can be seen today at what is now called "Burying Ground 1720" (Google Maps: 41.522877, -72.787707) at the juncture of Dexter Avenue and Lydale Place. At the time the location was known as "Buckwheat Hill," and overlooked the salt-making estate for which Jerome had received a royal grant.[6] Timothy Jerome's son, Samuel, is the great-great grandfather of Jennie Jerome, Winston Churchill's mother.[7][8] 19th century to WWII Meriden in circa 1914In the 1800s, Meriden became a manufacturing center of note, with several companies forming, or relocating to the city, including the Meriden Britannia Company (a predecessor of the International Silver Company with corporate HQ in Meriden),[9] C.F. Monroe Company (1892–1916),[10] Charles Parker Company, Parker Brothers (guns), Manning, Bowman & Co. (1849–1945),[11][12] the Meriden Flint Glass Company (1876–92),[13] Edward Miller & Co / Miller Company (1844–present),[14] Wilcox and White, Handel Company (lamps),[15] and the Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Company (1852–1940). Meriden earned the nickname "Silver City", due to the large number of silver manufacturers. In addition to hollowware, Meriden was also a significant center of cutlery production (various silver companies, Meriden Cutlery and Miller Bros. Cutlery). The small city is also known for the historical production of glass and lamps, and having secured a large number of technology and design patents by companies based in Meriden.[16][17] During this time, several mansions and houses of note were built, particularly on Broad Street.[18][19] Charles Parker and his younger brother opened their first factory in Meriden in 1832, with a capital outlay of $70.00. Over the years they manufactured a wide variety of products‚ from steam engines, train wheels and printing presses to piano stools. During the Civil War, Parker's Meriden Machine Company was under Union contract to produce 10,000 repeating rifles and 15,000 Springfield rifles. Parker began producing his own shotgun, referred to as "The Gun of 1866". In 1868, Charles and his sons, Wilbur, Charles and Dexter, started the Parker Brothers Gun Company, which continued as an independent company until 1934 when it was purchased by the Remington Arms Company.[20] On March 7, 1860, Abraham Lincoln spoke in Meriden seeking the Republican presidential nomination.[21] 2012 photo of Isaac C. Lewis mansion (1868) at 189 East Main Street, Meriden. Since 1950, the building has been used for other purposes.[22] Since 2012 it is a mosque. 2015 photo of Meriden City Hall (1907) with Civil War monument in the foreground. This building replaced two previous designs (1869–89 and 1889–1904, the latter destroyed by fire).[23]In 1876, the Meriden Britannia Company made significant efforts at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, and won the First Place medal for plated wares. According to the Sotheby's auction house, "The publicity of the award and the impression the firm made on the fair's 8 million visitors was continued by the catalogues and other intensive marketing; by the end of the 1870s Meriden Britannia Co. was considered the largest silverware company in the world."[24] Meriden also was an important site for graphic arts innovation. In 1888, the Meriden Gravure Company (in Meriden 1888–1989) was founded by Charles Parker and James F. Allen, and continued a previous printing operation by Parker. The company developed an expertise in high quality image reproduction, which initially was driven by the needs of the silver industry.[25] Hubbard Park in the Hanging Hills was financed by Walter Hubbard (of the Bradley & Hubbard company). The design for the park was originally conceived by Hubbard in consultation with the Olmsted Brothers, sons of Frederick Law Olmsted, America's foremost landscape architect. In 1900, Castle Craig on a peak was dedicated in the park.[26] The Curtis Memorial Library opened in 1903. The Meriden Firearms Co. manufactured small arms from 1905 to 1918. The stock was owned by Sears, Roebuck & Company.[27] Hollywood connection (1937–50)From 1937 until 1947, the International Silver Company sponsored the Silver Theater, a national radio program broadcast via CBS in Hollywood. The radio program featured many Hollywood actors and actresses of the time like Jimmy Stewart and Rosalind Russell. Over 200 programs were produced.[28][29] In c. 1937-45, several Hollywood stars, including Judy Garland, Ginger Rogers and Barbara Stanwyck, endorsed the company's 1847 Rogers Bros. silverware in print advertisements in LIFE magazine.[30][31] After World War II, in 1949/50, The Silver Theatre was brought to television and broadcast on CBS, also with the International Silver Company as the sponsor. Guest stars included Eva Gabor, Kim Hunter, and Burgess Meredith.[32][33] Legacy of Meriden's grand manufacturing eraMany design objects from this manufacturing era from Meriden are in leading museums across the United States including those in Boston;[34] at the Corning Museum of Glass in Corning, New York (28 objects);[35] Chicago;[36][37] Dallas;[38] Los Angeles;[39] New York;[18][40][41][42][43][44][45] Philadelphia;[46] Richmond, Virginia;[47] Toledo, Ohio;[10] and Washington, DC.[48] Design objects from this era from Meriden have also been included in notable exhibitions since at least 1867, with Meriden Britannia products on view at the Paris Universal Exhibition.[49] Some comparatively recent examples include In pursuit of Beauty: Americans and the Aesthetic Movement at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York (1986–87),[50] and more recently, Modernism in American Silver: 20th century design (2005–06) in Dallas, Miami Beach, and Washington, DC, which highlighted downtown Meriden and the area's role as an important center of Modernist silver production.[51] In 19th century Modern (2011–12) in Brooklyn, designs by the International Silver Company and the Napier Company, another Meriden manufacturer, were exhibited alongside iconic designs by Tiffany & Co. and the Thonet Brothers.[52] In November 2016-November 2017, the city's iconic Napier penguin cocktail shaker is in an exhibition at the Dallas Museum of Art; the Napier penguin is the lead image of the show.[53] With this level of attention, some special design objects from the era have become sought-after collectors items also at auction, sometimes due to their association with the commission or commissioner, or the product designer. For example, a painted glass and metal table lamp by Bradley and Hubbard, (c. 1920) sold for US$14,950, doubling its estimate, at Christie's auction house in New York in 1999.[54] Later, a 14-inch, International Silver Company cocktail shaker (c. 1927) sold for US$21,600 tripling its estimate, at Christie's in New York in 2005.[55] A Parker gun made for a Russian czar before World War I, but never delivered, was reported to have been sold for US$287,500 in 2007.[56] In 2008, a rare Handel lamp sold for US$85,000.[57] On March 5–6, 2014 at Sotheby's in London, "Al Capone's cocktail shaker" made by the Meriden International Sterling Company (c. 1932) achieved over 33 times its estimate with a sale price of GBP50,000 (US$83,250 on the day).[58] Lastly, in 2014, at Sotheby's New York, a rare Paul Lobel-designed coffee service (c. 1934–35) produced by the Wilcox Silver Plate Co. / International Silver Company sold for US$377,000.[59] In summer 2017 alone, historical Meriden area design was exhibited in museum shows in at least Dallas, Newark, at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Cooper-Hewitt Smithsonian Museum in New York, the Gemeentemuseum in The Hague, The Netherlands, and the KunstHalle in Berlin, Germany. Since the 1850s, area designs have been included in over 200 exhibitions in the United States, Europe, South America and Australia.[60] WWII – 21st centuryIn 1939, Edwin Howard Armstrong, a network radio pioneer who invented FM radio, used West Peak in 1939 for the location of one of the first FM radio broadcasts. His original 70-foot-tall (21 m) radio mast still stands on the peak.[61] Currently West Peak is home to six FM broadcast stations, including WNPR,[62] WWYZ, WKSS, WDRC-FM, WMRQ-FM[63] and WHCN. During World War II, factories in Meriden worked three shifts (24 hours/day). On March 8, 1944, the War Manpower Commission gave Meriden the designation as "National Ideal War Community", and Jimmy Durante and Glenn Miller entertained those at the ceremony.[64] Victory Boogie WoogiePiet Mondriaan Victory Boogie Woogie.jpgArtistPiet MondrianYear1942–44MediumOil and paper on canvasDimensions127 cm × 127 cm (50 in × 50 in)LocationGemeentemuseum, The Hague. Formerly owned by Samuel Irving Newhouse, Jr. and Emily and Burton Tremaine / The Miller Company Collection of Abstract Art, Meriden, CT.In addition to manufacturers that continued operations after World War II, starting in the later 1940s, the Miller Company, Burton Tremaine, Sr. and Emily Hall Tremaine firmly put Meriden on the international, 20th century art/design map. In December 1947, Meriden became known once again as a site of design innovation, now with Modern art, via the Miller Company Collection of Abstract Art and the organization of a Painting toward architecture exhibition which opened at Hartford's Wadsworth Atheneum[65] and later travelled to venues in 24 American cities (1947–52), including the Los Angeles Museum of Art, Houston's Contemporary Art Museum, and the Milwaukee Art Institute. The exhibition featured and referred to the leading Modernists in American and European art and architecture with a connection to then-Miller Company lighting designs. Artworks in the Meriden-based collection included those by Picasso, Braque, Gris, Mondrian, Jose de Rivera, Rufino Tamayo, and Stuart Davis, with photographs on Modern architecture design by Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius (Bauhaus), Oscar Niemeyer, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Mies van der Rohe. Substantial national media coverage reported on the exhibition, as well as regional media outlets when the show was on view. Painting toward architecture is considered one of the important art exhibitions of the 20th century.[66] In the 1950s, the Miller Company Collection of Abstract Art was privatized to "Mr & Mrs Burton Tremaine, Meriden, CT" and numerous artworks were lent for exhibitions nationally and internationally into the 1970s with this designation. One highlight includes two of their artworks included in 'Cézanne to Miró' (1968) at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, an exhibition that later traveled to Buenos Aires, Santiago, and Caracas.[67] Photo of the black-and-white Modernist facade of the Miller Company addition, designed by international architect Philip Johnson, built in 1965. Center Street, Meriden, CT. (The original design featured the Miller Company logo, which was influenced by Bauhaus design legend Josef Albers and Serge Chermayeff). Photo in 2015.In 1965, the Miller Company addition on Center Street was completed. The black-and-white Modernist facade was designed by influential American architect Philip Johnson.[68][69] On April 27, 1976, Jimmy Carter campaigned at city hall and the Latin American Society for the nomination of the Democratic Party for President of the United States.[70] In 1987, the Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation was founded by the noted art collector that partly worked in Meriden, before her passing, with three focus areas: learning disabilities, the arts, and the environment.[71] The offices were located in downtown Meriden. The foundation is very well known nationally and frequently mentioned in the national American fine art press and exhibition catalogues as a funder.[72] In c. 2010, the foundation offices were relocated to New Haven, near Yale University.[73] Meriden was a location chosen for the filming of the 1989 film Jacknife directed by David Jones starring Robert De Niro, Ed Harris and Kathy Baker. De Niro played a Vietnam War veteran suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder adjusting to a return to American life. The film was adapted by the play, Strange Snow by Stephen Metcalfe, a native from the adjacent town of Cheshire, Connecticut. A number of Meriden locations can be seen in the film, including a historic house on Linsley Avenue, as well as film locations in the greater region.[74] The Franciscan Sisters of the Eucharist have their mother house in Meriden, as do the Franciscan Brothers of the Eucharist. Geography The Hanging Hills and Hubbard Park, and Meriden below (2003) The Quinnipiac River as it winds through the Quinnipiac River Gorge in South MeridenAccording to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62.5 km²), of which 23.8 square miles (61.5 km²) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²), or 1.66%, is water. Meriden is a showcase for a number of prominent peaks of the Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to nearly the Vermont border. Notable peaks in Meriden include the Hanging Hills (West Peak, East Peak, South Mountain, and Cathole Mountain); Lamentation Mountain, Chauncey Peak, and Besek Mountain. Castle Craig, a city landmark for over a century, was constructed among the Hanging Hills in Hubbard Park. The Quinnipiac River courses through the southwest quadrant of the city, known to area residents as "South Meriden", where it meanders through a gorge lined with several exposed sandstone and brownstone cliffs. Harbor Brook (originally named Pilgrim Harbor Brook) cuts through the town from the northeast to the southwest before emptying into Hanover Pond, an impoundment on the Quinnipiac River in South Meriden. Principal communitiesMeriden CenterSouth MeridenDemographicsHistorical populationCensusPop.%±18201,309—18708,893—188015,54074.7%189021,65239.3%190024,29612.2%191027,26512.2%192029,8679.5%193038,48128.8%194039,4942.6%195044,08811.6%196051,85017.6%197055,9597.9%198057,1182.1%199059,4794.1%200058,244−2.1%201060,8684.5%Est. 201659,622[3]−2.0%U.S. Decennial Census[75]See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita incomeAs of the 2010 census, there were 60,868 people in Meriden, with a population density of 2558 persons per square mile. There were 23,922 households (2009–13). The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.10. Husband-wife households account for 41% of all households. The population under 5 years (2010) was 6.7%, under 18 years (2010) was 23.9%, and 65 years and over was 12.9%. The female population was 51.6% compared to the male population at 48.4% (2010).[76] The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 73.5% White, 9.7% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.9% of the population. In 2009–2013, 9.7% of the population was foreign-born.[2][76] For 2009–13, the median household income was $52,590. The per capita income for the city was $26,941. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $188,400. The home ownership rate was 61.8%. The high school graduation or higher rate was 83.6% (age 25+) and the bachelor's degree or higher rate was 19.1% (age 25+). 14.4% of people were below the poverty line.[76] Political affiliationVoter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005[77]PartyActive votersInactive votersTotal votersPercentageDemocratic9,2255249,74930.15%Republican4,2752134,48813.88%Unaffiliated16,9271,14718,07455.90%Minor Parties192210.06%Total30,4461,88632,332100%TransportationHighwayThe city of Meriden is located on Interstate 91, which provides access to Hartford, Springfield, and New Haven. Interstate 691 provides access to Interstate 84 and connects to points west like Waterbury. The Wilbur Cross Parkway (Connecticut Route 15) travels in a southwestern direction connecting to towns and cities like Wallingford, New Haven, and towards New York City. The parkway becomes the Berlin Turnpike (also Connecticut Route 15) on the northern end of Meriden. U.S. Route 5 passes through the city as North and South Broad Street. Photo of train at Meriden's train station in 2013 The former MM&WRR right of way prior to construction of the linear trailRailroadSee also: Meriden (Amtrak station)The city of Meriden is connected to the cities of New Haven, Hartford, and Springfield, Massachusetts, by regional rail service provided by Amtrak, which runs north-to-south through the center of the city. This rail line opened in 1839, and operated for many years under the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. The city was also served by the Middletown, Meriden and Waterbury Railroad, which provided both freight and passenger service to Waterbury and Middletown from 1888 until its abandonment in 1924. Currently, Amtrak runs 16 trains through the Meriden station on most weekdays. Additionally, the Connecticut Department of Transportation plans to add a new commuter service called the Hartford Line in collaboration with Amtrak and the federal government that will run between New Haven and Springfield, Massachusetts. As of late 2015, funding had been secured and the service is scheduled to begin operation in May 2018.[78] In the Quinnipiac River Gorge in South Meriden, 1.3 miles (2.1 km) of the original MW&CR Railroad right of way has been converted into a recreational rail trail as the Meriden Linear Trail. Open to the public in December 2006, the formal dedication occurred on November 3, 2007.[79] BusBeginning in 1784, Meriden had a stop on the New Haven-Hartford Stage Coach on Route 5 near the intersection of East Main Street. Years later, the same stop served as the bus stop for Greyhound and Peter Pan buses. Meriden had four daily departures to/from Hartford/Boston, and four daily departures to/from New Haven/New York daily from the 1970s through 2007, when intercity bus service ceased serving Meriden. Meriden is linked to the Connecticut Transit System, Connecticut's extensive public transit bus network. Three bus lines loop throughout the city of Meriden once per hour. The "B" bus route departs the Meriden railroad station for the southern terminus of Kohls Plaza, connecting for New Haven; the "A" bus route departs the rail station for the northern terminus of Meriden Square with connections to New Britain and Hartford; and the east/west "C" bus travels along East Main and West Main streets, with a handful of departures to Middletown and Waterbury. AirportMeriden Markham Municipal Airport is the city-owned airport, located 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the city center on the border of South Meriden and Yalesville, and serves private and charter planes. Education Photo of historic Board of Education building, formerly Meriden High School (2012)The Meriden Board of Education operates several public schools:[80] Public elementary schools (K–5)John BarryBenjamin FranklinNathan HaleHanoverThomas HookerCasimir PulaskiIsrael PutnamRoger ShermanMiddle schools (6–8)Lincoln (public)Washington (public)Thomas A. Edison (Magnet; run by ACES of North Haven)[81]High schoolsFrancis T. Maloney (public)Orville H. Platt (public)H. C. Wilcox (CT technical high school system)[82]Private schools include: Catholic K–8 schoolsOur Lady of Mount Carmel[83]Other schools in the area include the Catholic high schools Xavier High School (boys) and Mercy High School (girls) in neighboring Middletown. The private schools Cheshire Academy and Choate Rosemary Hall are in adjacent Cheshire and Wallingford respectively. The former St. Stanislaus Catholic K-8 School, established in 1897 by people who immigrated from Poland,[84] closed in 2015.[85] Points of interest Looking west from city hall to the downtown area, Meriden, CT. The Civil War monument (1873) is to the right, and the Hanging Hills are in the distance to the right. Photo in 2007. Close-up view of soldier on Civil War monument in Meriden (2012) The Curtis Memorial Library building (2007) Red Bridge, one of no more than fifteen lenticular pony truss bridges remaining in Connecticut.[86]Civil War monument (1873) in front of the Meriden City Hall. 158 men from Meriden who died in the war are listed.[87]Curtis Memorial Library (1903), which is an example of Neo-Classical architecture and on the National Register of Historic Places[88] The building now houses the Augusta Curtis Cultural Center[89]Giuffrida Park offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation, with a variety of hiking trails and a lake.[90]Historican cemeteries: Meetinghouse Hill Burying Ground (end of Ann Street), Meriden's first burial ground used 1727–1771; and Broad Street Cemetery (402 Broad Street), the second burial ground first used in 1771, includes a Revolutionary War commemoration plaque[91]The Home National Bank building on Colony Street designed by the prominent, historical American architecture firm McKim, Mead & White[92]Hubbard Park, about 1800 acres, part of the Hanging Hills, including Castle Craig on the National Register of Historic Places[93]Hunter Golf CourseMeriden Main Post Office (1907), designed by James Knox Taylor on the National Register of Historic Places[94]The Miller Company addition on Center Street, with black-and-white Modernist facade designed by influential American architect Philip Johnson in 1965[95][96]Moses Andrews House (c. 1760), on the National Register of Historic Places[97]Old Traffic TowerRed Bridge (c. 1890) on the National Register of Historic Places[86]Site of the former Jedediah Wilcox mansion (built 1870), 816 Broad Street. Demolished in the late 1960s, a parlor room from the mansion was saved and is exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York[98][99]Solomon Goffe House (1711), on the National Register of Historic Places[100]Ted's Restaurant, known for its steamed cheeseburger, a modified version of the cheeseburger, invented in the early 1900s[101]Trails: Meriden Linear Trail, Mattabesett Trail and the Metacomet Trail, which starts 4 miles north of MeridenWestfield Meriden MallGallery 53, 53 Colony Street, home of the Arts & Crafts Association of MeridenNotable peopleSince 1975, the Meriden Hall of Fame organization has issued recognitions. In the Meriden City Hall, plaques pay tribute to the inductees.[102] Arts and humanitiesBeau Billingslea (born 1944), actor.[103]Gary Burr (born 1952), American musician, songwriter, and record producer, primarily in the country music genre[104]Tomie dePaola (born 1934), author and illustrator of over 200 children's books[105][106]Philip Dunning (1889–1968), playwright and theatrical producer[107]Addie C. Strong Engle (1845–1926), author, publisher[108]Ben Homer songwriter, composer and arranger who composed the tune to the hit song Sentimental Journey[109]Rob Hyman (born 1950), rock musician and founding member of The Hooters[110]Alphonse La Paglia (1907–1953), silver designer with many designs in American museums[111][112]Conrad Henry Moehlman, professor of church history and author[113]Rosa Ponselle (1897–1981), acclaimed opera singer[114][115]Charlotte J. Sternberg (1920–2003), painter[116]Burton G. Tremaine Sr. (1901–1991), president of the Miller Company in Meriden and internationally-known art collector[117][118]Burton G. Tremaine Jr. (1923–2002), president and chairman of the Miller Company in Meriden, managed his family's large art collection, the first chairman of the Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation in Meriden, on the board of the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, and chairman of the board of Meriden Hospital[117][119]Emily Hall Tremaine (1908–1987), art and design director at the Miller Company in Meriden (c. 1945-55)[117] and internationally-known art collector[118]BusinessE. Harold Hugo (1910–1985), president of the Meriden Gravure Company, an innovator in the graphic arts industry[120]Science and technologyVincent Lamberti (1927–2014), lab researcher whose work resulted in 118 patents, most notably the development of Dove soap. He grew up in Meriden, later moving to Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.[121]SportsJohn Jenkins (born 1989), National Football League defensive tackle (New Orleans Saints: 2013–; college football: University of Georgia; Maloney High School, Meriden)[122][123][124]Kid Kaplan (1901–1970), world champion featherweight boxer[125]Al Niemiec (1911–1995), Major League Baseball player[126]Gary Waslewski (born 1941), Major League Baseball player (1967–1972)[127][128]

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