AE Dupondius of Faustina II, Wife of Marcus Aurelius, Mother of Commodus

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller ashwill0324 (700) 100%, Location: Mooresville, North Carolina, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 254302045224 Roman EmpireFaustina II, wife of marcus Aurelius, d. 175AE Dupondius Juno standing left holding patera and scepter, peacock at feet Born in about 130 to future emperor Antoninus and Faustina, Faustina Minor was the future emperor's only child to survive into adulthood, and would serve to solidify the continuation of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty for another half-century. Originally betrothed to Lucius Verus upon her father's elevation to Caesar, her betrothal was switched to Marcus Aurelius, whom she would marry in 145 while still a teenager. They would be married for 30 years and have thirteen children during that time, only five of which survived to adulthood. As a Stoic, Marcus Aurelius did not gush over his feelings for his wife, but enough evidence exists to conclude that Aurelius and Faustina were at least deeply fond of one another. Faustina accompanied her husband on many of his military campaigns, where she was given the affectionate title, Mater Castrorum, or Mother of the Camp. While not with her husband, Faustina was usually left in charge with keeping things running smoothly in Rome. Perhaps due to the power and influence she exercised both over her husband and the empire, ancient historians are almost always hostile toward Faustina. Most notably, they accuse her of serial infidelity with aristocrats, soldiers, and even gladiators (insinuating that Commodus was the illegitimate child of a gladiator, hence his obsession with the arena.) The veracity of these claims remains uncertain. It is generally accepted that, fearing her husband had died in 175, she may well have been the one to encourage Avidius Cassius into claiming the purple for himself, although the claim that she did so through seduction is less well accepted. Faustina died the following year in Cappadocia, although sources disagree as to how. Her cause of death is usually cited as an "accident" although theories of illness, murder, or even suicide have been put forth. She was about 45 years old. Following her death, she was deeply mourned by her husband, who had her memory consecrated and temples erected in her honor. Ruler: Faustina II, Denomination: Dupondius

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