ANCIENT Roman legionary Silver Ring Legio IX Hispana BULL HISPANIA 41BC-120AD

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Seller: luxeon55 (564) 100%, Location: Tervile, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 223914706624 Roman Silver ringANCIENT Roman legionary Silver Ring Legio IX Hispana BULL HISPANIA 41BC-120AD Silver legion ring engraved with the legion HISPANIA, under the legend the symbol of the legion BULL. Very good and exquisite engraved inscriptions and symbolsweight -10.45grinside size -19- 20 mmoutside size -26 x 24mm Legio IX Hispana Jump to navigationJump to search"9th Legion" redirects here. For the Polish regiment, see 9th Legions' Infantry Regiment.Legio IX HispanaMap of the Roman empire in 125 AD, under emperor Hadrian, showing the IX Hispana's last attested location at Noviomagus Batavorum on the Rhine (Nijmegen, Netherlands)ActiveBefore 58 BC to sometime in the 2nd century ADCountryRoman Republic and Roman EmpireTypeRoman legion (Marian)RoleInfantry assaultSizec. 5,400Garrison/HQEboracum (Britannia) 71–c.121 ? Noviomagus (Germania Inferior) c. 121–130Nickname(s)The Lost LegionMascot(s)BullEngagementsGallic Wars (58–51 BC)Cantabrian Wars (29–19 BC)Roman conquest of BritainBoudican revoltBattle of Mons GraupiusCommandersNotable commandersJulius CaesarQuintus Petillius CerialisGnaeus Julius AgricolaLegio IX Hispana ("9th Legion – Spanish"),[1] also written Legio nona Hispana or Legio VIIII Hispana,[2] was a legion of the Imperial Roman army that existed from the 1st century BC until at least AD 120. The legion fought in various provinces of the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire. It was stationed in Britain following the Roman invasion in 43 AD. The legion disappears from surviving Roman records after c. AD 120 and there is no extant account of what happened to it.[3]The unknown fate of the legion has been the subject of considerable research and speculation. One theory (per historian Theodor Mommsen) was that the legion was wiped out in action in northern Britain soon after 108, the date of the latest datable inscription of the Ninth found in Britain, perhaps during a rising of northern tribes against Roman rule. This view was popularised by the 1954 novel The Eagle of the Ninth in which the legion is said to have marched into Caledonia (modern day Scotland), after which it was "never heard of again".This theory fell out of favour among modern scholars as successive inscriptions of IX Hispana were found in the site of the legionary base at Nijmegen (Netherlands), suggesting the Ninth may have been based there from c. 120, later than the legion's supposed annihilation in Britain.[4] The Nijmegen evidence has led to suggestions that IX Hispana was destroyed in later conflicts of the 2nd century. Suggestions include the Bar Kokhba revolt (132–135) or Marcus Aurelius' war against Parthia (161–166) in Armenia.[5] However, some scholars have ascribed the Nijmegen evidence to a mere detachment of IX Hispana, not the whole legion.In any event, it is clear that the IX Hispana did not exist during the reign of the emperor Septimius Severus (r. 193–211), as it is not included in two identical but independent lists of the 33 legions existing in this period. Condition: 100% authentic, Material: Silver

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