ANTIQUE 17-19th CENTURY LARGE ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" ORNATE "SUN" CROSS

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (1,036) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202544150450 Beautifully preserved, antique large Orthodox Cross pendant featuring the traditional Old Believers" Orthodox design with the crossbar ends shaped as little hearts or domes resembling the domes of a Byzantine church, the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, and solid necklace loop/bale. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. The layer of oxidation/patina is minimal compared to other crosses of similar age, and the inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. Alternatively, the Cross has a history of mostly indoor storage or cleaning/polishing applied at some point of the past history of the Cross. It is mildly bent and scratched on the surface, and worn off likely as a result of devotional wearing as "body" cross. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The crossbar ends bear circular shapes resembling Solar symbols on earlier, medieval Orthodox crosses. The round shape in the top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates an abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The round shapes in the side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane or stick. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. A symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling small drops of blood, or the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis). The diagonal bars might symbolize rays of light or the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and a measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference, and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, antique large Orthodox Cross pendant featuring the traditional Old Believers" Orthodox design with the crossbar ends shaped as little hearts or domes resembling the domes of a Byzantine church, the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, and solid necklace loop/bale. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. The layer of oxidation/patina is minimal compared to other crosses of similar age, and the inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. Alternatively, the Cross has a history of mostly indoor storage or cleaning/polishing applied at some point of the past history of the Cross. It is mildly bent and scratched on the surface, and worn off likely as a result of devotional wearing as "body" cross. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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