ANTIQUE 17-19th CENTURY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" "SUN" CROSS PENDANT

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (918) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202424393791 Well preserved, antique large Russian Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or Celtic cross. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with beautiful, original, uncleaned green- to gray patina from the past centuries. The obverse has remaining traces of white enamel inlay. Slightly bent and mildly worn out according to its age. Origin likely late 17th to early 19th century Imperial Russia. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The ends of the crossbars are made in the shapes of squares or "boxes". The boxes originally incorporated abbreviated inscriptions made in Church Slavonic, now mostly worn out. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling small drops of blood, or the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis) symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, also known as "Saltire"). The reverse of the cross bears unique, complex, geometric ornaments incorporating worn out words of a prayer, likely the Orthodox prayer before the Holy Cross. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone, and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are authentic vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Well preserved, antique large Russian Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional "Old Believers" ornate design, with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or Celtic cross. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with beautiful, original, uncleaned green- to gray patina from the past centuries. The obverse has remaining traces of white enamel inlay. Slightly bent and mildly worn out according to its age. Origin likely late 17th to early 19th century Imperial Russia. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, enamel, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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