ANTIQUE 18-19th CENTURY LARGE "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX "SKULL" CROSS PSALM 68

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (878) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202554381449 Beautifully preserved, large version of the Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled design with large solid necklace bale and words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King inscribed on the reverse. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with patches of original dark brown patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and mildly worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. Has few small dents, likely original metal casting defects. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross surrounded with the Instruments of the Passion of Christ, such as the Holy Lance (spear) and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane, several inscriptions made with Cyrillic letters, and a tiny image of the skull, or the Adam's head buried below the cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The Holy Lance and the Holy Sponge are the subjects of adoration together with the Cross, and therefore, are always depicted on the Russian Old Believers' Baptism or body crosses, creating an image of Calvary (Golgotha) with the three-bar cross and Adam's head. In such a cross' depiction, the "INRI" inscription made by Pontius Pilate, is considered profane or blasphemous, and is never used as the nameplate. Instead, the top end of the cross pendant bears an abbreviation in Church Slavonic which means "KING OF GLORY JESUS CHRIST (IC XC)". The Kingship of Jesus is also symbolized by the shape of the necklace loop resembling the shape of a Byzantine-style crown. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear inscriptions in Church Slavonic meaning "SON OF GOD NIKA" (Greek: "VICTORIOUS"). Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as baptismal, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. The spear and the cane are marked with one-letter Cyrillic abbreviation each just above them ("K" and "T" letters). A symbolic, worn-out image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The reverse of the cross bears an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are partially worn out but identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and a measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference, and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, large version of the Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled design with large solid necklace bale and words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King inscribed on the reverse. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with patches of original dark brown patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and mildly worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. Has few small dents, likely original metal casting defects. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross

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