ANTIQUE 18-19th CENTURY LARGE "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX "SKULL" CROSS PENDANT

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (1,020) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202604950511 Well preserved, large (over 2" long with bale) version of the Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled design with image of the three-bar Orthodox Cross and large solid necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original glossy dark brown, nearly black patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and mildly worn off, likely as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with decades-long continuous wearing. Has few small dents, likely original metal casting defects. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross surrounded with the Instruments of the Passion of Christ, such as the Holy Lance (spear) and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane, several inscriptions made with Cyrillic letters, and a tiny image of the skull, or the Adam's head buried below the cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top parts. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Just below the central horizontal crossbar, there is the "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscription made in Cyrillic letters as "NI" on the left, and "KA" on the right side, a symbol of Christ's victory over sin and death. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as baptismal, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. The spear and the cane are marked with one-letter Cyrillic abbreviation each just above them ("K" and "T" letters). There is worn-out symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross. The symbol refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The bottom end of the vertical crossbar bears a larger, four-letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "МЛРБ" ("MLRB") meaning "The CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. The reverse of the cross bears traces of text, likely an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic usually present on this type of the "Old Believers" crosses. The inscription is heavily worn out and not identifiable. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and a measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference, and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Well preserved, large (over 2" long with bale) version of the Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled design with image of the three-bar Orthodox Cross and large solid necklace bale. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original glossy dark brown, nearly black patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and mildly worn off, likely as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with decades-long continuous wearing. Has few small dents, likely original metal casting defects. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Cross

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