ANTIQUE 18-19th CENTURY ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" LARGER "SKULL" CROSS PSALM 68

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (878) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202424144311 Gorgeous, beautifully preserved, antique authentic Eastern Orthodox (Russian Empire) Cross pendant featuring ornate design bearing similarity to the Celtic-style "Sun Cross", with words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King inscribed on the reverse. A version of a larger "Old Believers" Orthodox Cross with large and robust solid necklace loop. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with beautiful, original green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out (mostly on the reverse) as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. The image of the three-bar cross has small dents likely resulting from a recent damage. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the larger, two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The Kingship of Jesus is also symbolized by the shape of the necklace loop resembling the shape of a Byzantine-style crown. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. In addition, just below the central horizontal crossbar, there is a two-word inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "SON OF GOD". Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. A symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, buried below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams, superimposed on the circle surrounding the center of the cross. The ornamental, openwork circle makes it similar to a Celtic-style "Solar", or "Sun Cross". The diagonal bars usually symbolize the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). The reverse bears an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are partially preserved but identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, beautifully preserved, antique authentic Eastern Orthodox (Russian Empire) Cross pendant featuring ornate design bearing similarity to the Celtic-style "Sun Cross", with words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King inscribed on the reverse. A version of a larger "Old Believers" Orthodox Cross with large and robust solid necklace loop. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with beautiful, original green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. Slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out (mostly on the reverse) as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. The image of the three-bar cross has small dents likely resulting from a recent damage. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith., Material: Copper alloy, patina, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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