ANTIQUE 18-19th CENTURY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" CROSS "JESUS PRAYER"

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (862) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202422447451 Beautifully preserved, Eastern Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original, uncleaned green- to brown patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. The cross is slightly scratched on the surface, and worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. The words of prayer on the reverse are exceptionally well preserved and allow identification of the prayer. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith, sound and wearable. The cross is two-sided. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. According to an ancient "Old Believers" tradition, the "INRI" inscription made by Pontius Pilate, is considered blasphemous, and is not used as the nameplate. Instead, the top end of the cross pendant bears an abbreviation in Church Slavonic which means "KING OF GLORY". The Kingship of Jesus is also symbolized by the pendant's loop shaped like the Russian Imperial Crown, or a King's throne. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The bottom end of the vertical crossbar of the pendant bears the ancient Greek "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscription symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. A small image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The center of the cross is surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a Solar, or a Sun, or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling small drops of blood, or the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis) symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross). There are small droplet-like shapes covering the left and right sides of the vertical crossbar of the pendant. They might have a symbolic meaning as drops of the Most Precious Blood of the Savior, Jesus Christ, or as the "good fruits" of the vine sprouting from the Holy Cross. The reverse bears similar ornaments, and is filled with the text of the prayer to the Lord Jesus according to the Russian Orthodox tradition in Church Slavonic: "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, bless, sanctify and protect me by the power of Your Life-giving Cross". The Cyrillic letters of the words of the Prayer are very well preserved and identifiable. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, Eastern Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original, uncleaned green- to brown patina from the past centuries. Origin likely circa 18-19th century Imperial Russia. The cross is slightly scratched on the surface, and worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. The words of prayer on the reverse are exceptionally well preserved and allow identification of the prayer. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith, sound and wearable., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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