ANTIQUE c.10-13th CENTURY RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT "ENKOLPION" (FULLY SEALED)

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (918) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202703158127 Beautifully preserved medieval Reliquary Cross pendant featuring hand-carved image of the Cross on both sides and a large solid necklace bale. It appears to be handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Similar objects are dated c.10th-13th century (according to the available literature). The Cross has small deformations, scratches, dents and chipped off parts, and is covered with original green patina from the past centuries. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. The halves of the Cross and the necklace bale appear to be fully locked, or sealed, and are not opening or moving. It could not be excluded that it was never opened since the original placing of a relic. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The Reliquary appears to be fully sealed; therefore, it could not be excluded that it was never opened since the original placing of a relic inside and sealing of the halves with a special wax. Such a relic would most likely be a tiny pieces of the True Cross, or something that was touching them. The halves of the Cross are currently not opening, and I do not have any scientific means to find out if the wax is authentic, and if there is any relic traces inside the reliquary. To me, it is a fascinating mystery making it so valuable. Pectoral Reliquary Cross (known as "Engolpion" or "Enkolpion" in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches) was originally worn by priests or bishops. The tradition started likely c. 9th century when relics of the True Cross became venerated, and were carried in cross-shaped reliquaries often hand made from silver or gold, and decorated with enamels, niellos, and precious stones. However, laymen Orthodox and Catholic faithful also wore Cross-shaped reliquaries with small pieces of various relics (usually originated from Christian Saints). The True Cross is the name for physical remnants from the cross upon which Jesus Christ was crucified. According to an ancient Church tradition, the True Cross has been discovered by Saint Empress Helena during her pilgrimage to the Holy Land in year 326-328. Many Catholic and Orthodox churches possess fragmentary remains that are by tradition believed to those of the True Cross. Saint John Chrysostom relates that fragments of the True Cross were kept in reliquaries "which men reverently wear upon their persons". A fragment of the True Cross was received by King Alfred from Pope Marinus I (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, year 883). Most of the very small relics of the True Cross circulated in Europe came from Constantinople, the city that was captured by Crusaders in 1204. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, measuring meter and a decorative stone are not for sale, and photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference or artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved medieval Reliquary Cross pendant featuring hand-carved image of the Cross on both sides and a large solid necklace bale. It appears to be handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Similar objects are dated c.10th-13th century (according to the available literature). The Cross has small deformations, scratches, dents and chipped off parts, and is covered with original green patina from the past centuries. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. The halves of the Cross and the necklace bale appear to be fully locked, or sealed, and are not opening or moving. It could not be excluded that it was never opened since the original placing of a relic. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Type: Antique Reliquary Cross

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