ANTIQUE c.16-18th CENTURY SILVER "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX "SUN" CROSS PSALM 68

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (879) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202613610373 Rare, beautifully preserved solid (over 5 g) Orthodox Cross pendant featuring the traditional "Old Believers" design with the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, image of the three-bar Cross with the Crown of Thorns and and words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King inscribed on the reverse. Origin likely c. 16th- early 18th century Tsardom of Russia. The Cross appears to be handmade of unmarked silver alloy; was acid-tested positive for the presence of silver (please see the last pictures). It is mildly worn off according to its age and covered with patches of dark silver patina. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. One of the four additional, diagonal crossbeams is missing; likely was broken off and lost at some point of the item's history. The size and weight of the pendant are shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity.The absence of a hallmark on Russian Imperial silver jewelry was not unusual before year 1700 when Tsar (King) Peter I the Great of Russia issued his "Ukaz" (Decree) making the Russian standardized hallmarking mandatory for the master makers using precious metals, gold and silver. Tsar Peter I's Decree ("Silver Assay Charter") ordered the items made by silversmiths to four standard grades of silver purity: 62, 84, 90 and 96 "zolotniki" (ancient Russian weight measure).The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. There is a symbolic image of the Crown of Thorns, or a wreath, in the centerpiece. The Crown or a wreath on the cross usually means that suffering or bearing the Cross of those who believe in Christ is ultimately rewarded by a crown of the eternal life in His Heavenly Kingdom. The "boxed" shapes in the side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. A symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There were four additional, diagonal crossbeams symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle (one top crossbeam is currently absent). Alternatively, they might symbolize the rays of light coming from the glorious Holy Cross of the Savior. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, also known as "Saltire"). The reverse of the cross bears an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are preserved and identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare, beautifully preserved solid (over 5 g) Orthodox Cross pendant featuring the traditional "Old Believers" design with the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, image of the three-bar Cross with the Crown of Thorns and and words of the Orthodox prayer based on Psalm 68 of David the King inscribed on the reverse. Origin likely c. 16th- early 18th century Tsardom of Russia. The Cross appears to be handmade of unmarked silver alloy; was acid-tested positive for the presence of silver (please see the last pictures). It is mildly worn off according to its age and covered with patches of dark silver patina. The inside of the solid necklace bale shows signs of wear consistent with long continuous wearing. One of the four additional, diagonal crossbeams is missing; likely was broken off and lost at some point of the item's history. The size and weight of the pendant are shown on the photographs. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Solid silver alloy; acid-tested, Featured Refinements: Ancient Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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