ANTIQUE c.18-19th CENTURY X-LARGE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX BRONZE ICONIC CRUCIFIX

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (996) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202814397470 Authentic antique large (approx. 4-3/8" tall) Russian Orthodox iconic crucifix featuring beautiful cast metal openwork design with images of the Holy Trinity, Archangels and Seraphs. The Crucifix appears to be made from bronze or similar copper alloy. It shows marks from grinding file tool of the coppersmith. Origin likely c. 18-19th century Imperial Russia. The item shows significant signs of wear and aging including reduced quality of images and inscriptions, scratches, dents and deformations, lost fragments, and patches of patina or oxidation. The inscribed words of prayers in Church Slavonic on both sides are well preserved and identifiable. The obverse of the crucifix bears an image of Jesus Christ the Savior crucified on a three-bar Suppedaneum cross venerated in the Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbars: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, usually without the letters, and the bottom one, a footrest. This crucifix, however, bears the "INRI" inscription in Cyrillic letters above the Savior's Head. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top horizontal crossbar is connected with the main one on the left and right side with figures of two Seraphs ("Seraphim"), the highest angelic beings with a fiery passion for doing God's works, symbolizing the Gates of Heaven opened by the Savior's Cross. The top part of the Crucifix bears an image of God the Father extending His Hands for the blessing. The abbreviation above means "GOD SABAOTH" ("THE LORD OF HOSTS"). Just below Him, there is a symbolic image of the Holy Spirit depicted as a dove. On the left and right side of the Holy Spirit, the top horizontal crossbar bears images of Archangels, Saint Michael and Saint Gabriel, flying towards Christ. Just below the Archangel images, there is a two-word, abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY". The left and right sides of the central horizontal crossbar bear the large two-letter inscription of the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ, as the "IC XC" Greek Christogram. The central horizontal crossbar is filled with the words of prayer in Church Slavonic inscribed along the top and bottom edges meaning "Before Thy Cross we bow down in worship, o Lord, and Thy Holy Resurrection we glorify". Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Spinge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses. An image of the skull buried below the cross refer to Golgotha (Calvary), the hill, or elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. Just above the skull image, there is a plague with a four-letter Cyrillic abbreviation "MLRB" meaning "THE PLACE OF THE SKULL BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. The reverse of the cross bears the Prayer to the Holy Cross in Church Slavonic: "THE CROSS IS THE KEEPER OF ALL UNIVERSE..." Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The measuring meter, a Russian Bible book, and a US quarter coin are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Authentic antique large (approx. 4-3/8" tall) Russian Orthodox iconic crucifix featuring beautiful cast metal openwork design with images of the Holy Trinity, Archangels and Seraphs. The Crucifix appears to be made from bronze or similar copper alloy. It shows marks from grinding file tool of the coppersmith. Origin likely c. 18-19th century Imperial Russia. The item shows significant signs of wear and aging including reduced quality of images and inscriptions, scratches, dents and deformations, lost fragments, and patches of patina or oxidation. The inscribed words of prayers in Church Slavonic on both sides are well preserved and identifiable., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Antique Orthodox Crucifix

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