Seller: aimanmona (55) 100%, Location: South Boston, Virginia, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 221822533795 AH 1293 YEAR 33 EGYPT 1867-1909 NGC MS-64 RB 1/40 QIRSH The coin shown is a copper 1/40 qirsh from the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II. It was struck at the Heaton Mint, shown by the H mintmark at base obverse. The obverse bears the toughra, or signature, of the sultan, with the year of issue written below (as in year during the reign of the sultan, in this case year 31). A flower design is to the right of the toughra. The reverse carries the text 'minted in Misr' (Misr is Arabic for Egypt). Below this is the denomination 1/40 qirsh in written Below this is the ascension year of Sultan Abdul Hamid II, AH 1293. The date of the coin translates to 1905 AD. Uslu lists this issue as common. This denomination represents a member of a coinage reform started in 1884 AD. The coin pictured here is from the first year of that reform. Previous to that date, with a value less than one qirsh were given in the unit 'para'. All fractional qirshes after 1884 were given values directly proportional to 1 qirsh, eg. 1/40 qirsh, 1/20 qirsh, 1/10 qirsh, etc. This suite of denominations was continued until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and subsequent loss of influence in Egypt, in 1914 AD.