Seller: cherriesfamily (346) 100%, Location: Vilnius, default, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 252588333199 Material: Gold, Details: Necklace with Butterfly Pendant Period: HellenisticDate: 2nd-1st century B.C.Culture: GreekLength: 36 cmWeight: 61.4 grMedium: gold, amethyst, chalcedony, garnet and colored glass Elaborate diadems or necklaces featuring centerpieces of inlaid stones, pendants, and beaded chains go back to 3rd and 2nd-century Greek jewelry. This necklace’s is linked on both sides to two cordlike, loop-in-loop chains; these terminate in finely molded finials that hold small loops. The broad, gold frames of the seven box settings contrast with their colored inlays. All of these are joined by tiny hinges. Below, an elaborate arrangement in the shape of a butterfly is supported by short chains attached to the animal’s naturally rendered wings. Necklaces such as this one reflect the taste for color and splendor prevalent in the late Hellenistic period. The use of hinges to connect even small elements illustrates period goldsmiths’ particular interest in arriving at technical solutions that were previously unknown. The butterfly is by no means simply a decorative motif, but a symbol of eternal love. It represents Psyche, the personification of the soul, with whose beauty Eros himself fell in love. Psyche is usually represented as a young girl with small butterfly wings. This subject is known in late Hellenistic jewelry, and there are several necklaces that refer to it. The closest parallel is a butterfly necklace from the Olbia Treasure, now in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. There are also other butterfly necklaces, one in the Kofler-Truninger Collection, allegedly from southern Russia; another from Chersonesus, in southern Russia; and a third in the British Museum, London, reportedly from Italy. Similar in composition and style are a necklace from Palaiocastro, Thessaly, in the National Museum, Athens and another from the Artjukhov Barrow in southern Russia.