Andronicus III 1328AD Ancient Medieval Byzantine Coin Cross Fleury i20086

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller highrating_lowprice (20,647) 100%, Location: Rego Park, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 320699548238 Item: i20086 Authentic Ancient Coin of: Byzantine - Andronicus III, Palaiologos - 1328-1341 A.D. Bronze assarion 18mm (1.04 grams) Constantinople mint circa 1328-1341 A.D. Sear 2481. Cross fleury. Andronicus standing, holding sceptre. You are bidding on the exact item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity. Andronikos III Palaiologos, Latinized as Andronicus III Palaeologus (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Γ' Παλαιολόγος, Andronikos III Paleologos; March 25, 1297, Constantinople – June 15, 1341, Constantinople ) reigned as Byzantine emperor 1328–1341, after being rival emperor since 1321. Andronikos III was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Princess Rita of Armenia (renamed Maria). His maternal grandparents were King Levon II of Armenia and Queen Keran of Armenia . Life In 1320, Andronikos accidentally murdered his brother Manuel, whereupon their father died of grief. The murder, and the general dissolute behaviour of Andronikos and his coterie, mostly the young scions of the Empire's great aristocratic clans, resulted in a deep rift in the relations between him and his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos . The elder Andronikos disowned his grandson, whereupon Andronikos III fled the capital and rallied his supporters around him in Thrace . From there he waged an intermittent civil war against his grandfather, which first secured him recognition of his post as co-emperor, and ultimately led to the deposition of Andronikos II in 1328. Effective administrative authority during the reign of Andronikos III was wielded by his megas domestikos John Kantakouzenos , while the emperor enjoyed himself hunting or waging war. An alliance with his brother-in-law Michael Asen III of Bulgaria against Stefan Uroš III Dečanski of Serbia failed to secure any gains, as the Serbians defeated the Bulgarians before the latter could join with the Byzantines in the Battle of Velbazhd (modern Kyustendil ) in 1330. Andronikos III's attempt to make up for this setback by annexing Bulgarian Thrace failed in 1332, when he was defeated by the new Bulgarian emperor Ivan Alexander at Rousokastron . Peace with Bulgaria was secured through territorial concessions and a diplomatic marriage between the children of the two emperors. The subsequent years witnessed the gradual extinction of Byzantine rule in Asia Minor , as Orhan of the Ottoman Turks , who had already defeated Andronikos III at Pelekanos in 1329, took Nicaea in 1331 and Nicomedia in 1337. After that, only Philadelpheia and a handful of ports remained under Byzantine control in Asia Minor. Earlier Andronikos III had effected the recovery of Phocaea and the islands of Lesbos and Chios from Benedetto Zaccaria in 1329, but this did little to stem the Ottoman advance in Asia Minor. Under Stefan Uroš IV Dušan , Serbia expanded into Byzantine territory in Macedonia , taking Ohrid , Prilep , Kastoria , Strumica , and Voden in about 1334. The one-time governor of Thessalonica , Syrgiannes Palaeologos , had deserted to the side of the Serbians and aided their advance in to Macedonia. The Serbs, led by Syrgiannes, advanced as far as Thessalonica, but there Syrgiannes was betrayed and killed the by the Byzantine general Sphrantzes Palaiologos. This brought the Serbian army into disarray.[1] In August of 1334 Stefan Dusan and Andronikos made peace, and the forces of Andronikos were allowed to retake control of those parts of Macedonia that Syrgiannes had captured.[2] Despite these troubles Andronikos III secured the extension of Byzantine control over Thessaly in 1333 and Epirus in 1337, by taking advantage of succession crises in these principalities. Andronikos III reorganized the Byzantine navy (consisted of 10 ships by 1332) and reformed the judicial system by forming a panel of four universal judges whom he designated "Universal Justices of the Romans". In retrospect his reign may be said to end before the situation of the Byzantine Empire became untenable. In spite of several not insignificant reverses at the hands of Bulgarians, Serbians, and Ottomans, the emperor had provided the empire with active leadership, had cooperated with able administrators, and had come closer than any of his predecessors in re-establishing Byzantine control over the Greek peninsula. The well-known Muslim traveller Ibn Battuta , who visited Constantinople towards the end of 1332, mentiones in his memoires having met Andronikos III. This is not attested in Bynantine sources. Nicaea, until 1261 the capital of the Empire, was under siege by Ottoman Turks. In the summer of 1329, Andronikos III launched a relief attempt which culminated in a defeat at the Battle of Pelekanon on June 10,[15] and in 1331, the city fell. Not wishing to see Nicomedia or the other few remaining forts in Asia Minor suffer the same fate, Andronikos III sought to pay off the Ottomans with tribute — the Ottomans did not stop at this and seized Nicomedia as well in 1337. Andronikos III died aged 44 in 1341, and was succeeded by his son, John V Palaiologos . Family Andronikos III was first married, in 1318, with Adelheid of Brunswick , daughter of Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg ; she died in 1324. They had an unnamed son, who died shortly after birth in 1321. Andronikos III married as his second wife, in 1326, with Anna of Savoy . She was a daughter of Count Amadeus V, Count of Savoy and his second wife Maria of Brabant. They had several children, including: John V Palaiologos Michael Palaiologos, despotes Maria (renamed Eirene), who married Emperor Michael Asen IV of Bulgaria Eirene Palaiologos (renamed Maria), who married Francesco I of Lesbos According to Nicephorus Gregoras , Andronikos also had an illegitimate daughter, Irene Palaiologina of Trebizond . She married Basil of Trebizond and took over the throne of the Empire of Trebizond from 1340 to 1341.[3] The Dictionnaire historique et Généalogique des grandes familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople (1983) by Mihail-Dimitri Sturdza adds a second illegitimate daughter of Andronikos, converting to Islam under the name Bayalun. She was reportedly one of several wives of Uzbeg Khan of the Golden Horde .[4] This daughter is not included in the older Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten (1978) by Detlev Schwennicke and her existence may reflect Sturdza's own theories.[5] Legacy Under Andronikos the Byzantine Empire came closest to regaining a position of power in the Balkan Peninsula since the Fourth Crusade. Although an energetic campaigner, the empire during this period was just too weak to defeat its enemies in Anatolia, Bulgaria and Serbia. His loss of the empire's few remaining territories in Anatolia made the Ottoman Turks posed to expand into Europe as did its lack of strength following his reign to prevent the formation of the Serbian Empire. Yet none of this was due to a lack of leadership on Andronikos' part and his reign could be said to end before the Byzantine Empire's position became untenable due to the ensuing civil war which consumed the empire's remaining resources on Andronikos's death. Frequently Asked Questionss How long until my order is shipped?: Depending on the volume of sales, it may take up to 5 business days for shipment of your order after the receipt of payment. How will I know when the order was shipped?: After your order has shipped, you will be left positive feedback, and that date should be used as a basis of estimating an arrival date. After you shipped the order, how long will the mail take? 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