Antique 18-19 Century Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Large Cross Pendant

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (996) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202439992035 Gorgeous, large version of authentic Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring robust, solid necklace loop. Beautifully preserved, antique condition. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with patches of brown patina. Origin likely circa 18th-19th century Imperial Russia. The words of prayer (likely Psalm 68) on the reverse are heavily worn out and barely identifiable. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates the two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top parts. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. Just below the central horizontal crossbar, there is the "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscription made in Cyrillic letters as "NI" on the left, and "KA" on the right side, a symbol of Christ's victory over sin and death. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as baptismal, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. The spear and the cane are marked with one-letter Cyrillic abbreviation each just above them ("K" and "T" letters). A worn-out, symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. In the bottom end of the vertical crossbar, there is a four letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "MLRB" meaning "The CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and a measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference, and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Gorgeous, large version of authentic Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring robust, solid necklace loop. Beautifully preserved, antique condition. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with original of green- to brown patina. Origin likely circa 18th-19th century Imperial Russia. The words of prayer (likely Psalm 68) on the reverse are heavily worn out and barely identifiable. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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