Aristophanes Ancient Greece Comedy Lysistrata Acharnians Knights Peace Sparta

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller ancientgifts (4,593) 100%, Location: Lummi Island, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 382404120601 Aristophanes – Plays: One, Acharnians, Knights, Peace, Lysistrata. DESCRIPTION: Softcover: 272 pages. Publisher: Methuen Drama; (1998). The acknowledged master of Greek comedy, Aristophanes brilliantly combines serious political satire with bawdiness, pyrotechnical bombast with delicate lyrics. Aristophanes (447-385 B.C.), a contemporary of Socrates, was the last and greatest of the old Attic Comedians. Only eleven of his plays survive, and this volume contains “Lysistrata”, the hilariously bawdy anti-war fantasy; “The Archarnians”, a plea for peace set against the background of a long war with Sparta. “The Knights”, his venomous satire on the behavior of Cleon, one of the most famous of Athenian demagogues. “Peace”, which was inspired by the hope of peace with Sparta in 421 B.C. Writing at a time when Athens was undergoing a crisis in its social attitudes, Aristophanes was an eloquent opponent of the demagogue and the sophist, and his comedy reveals a deep sympathy and longing for the return of a peaceful and honest way of life. CONDITION: Remainder mark on bottom, otherwise New, never read. PLEASE SEE IMAGES BELOW FOR SAMPLE PAGES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEW: REVIEW: This mixture of social and political satire, bawdy with passages of lyrical beauty, offers an insight into ancient Athens and its theatre. McLeish also has translated the plays of Sophocles and Aeschylus. Aristophanes is accepted as a unique writer for the comic stage as well as one of the most revealing about the society for which he wrote. His was a precise, poetic vision articulated in pin-sharp images. “Acharnians”, for all its exuberant plotting, it s plea for humanity and compassion for those trapped by war. “Knights” is a caricature play full or raw jokes and rambunctious action. “Peace” expresses a yearning for stability, and “Lysistrata”, famously, see women going on a sex-strike to persuade their men-folk to stop the war. Aristophanes was born, probably in Athens, between 477 and 445 B.C. and died between 386 and 380 B.C. Little is known about his life, but there is a portrait of him in Plato’s “Symposium” and in private life he seems to have been a personal friend of Socrates and Plato. He was twice prosecuted for his outspoken attacks on the prominent politician, Cleon. Aristophanes produced his first comedy at the age of nineteen, and in all wrote forty plays of which eleven have survived. The sharply satirical knockabout comedy of Aristophanes has been justly famous for centuries. His dazzling verbal agility, the needlepoint accuracy of his jokes, and the scope of his comic fantasies match anything written since. PROFESSIONAL REVIEWS: REVIEW: Aristophanes' comedic masterpieces ridicule - creatively, with supreme wit, and invariably in high spirits - almost every aspect of Athenian political life and culture. These translations of Aristophanes' comedies offers one of the world's great comic dramatists in a form which is both historically faithful and theatrically vigorous. Aristophanes' plays were produced for the festival theatre of classical Athens in the fifth century BC and remarkably encompass the whole gamut of humor, from brilliantly inventive fantasy to obscene vulgarity. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: [The Knights] Aristophanes was a Greek comic playwright. A brilliant satirist, he used the freedom of Old Comedy to ridicule public figures, institutions, and even the gods. "The Knights" is one of the comic masterpieces of Aristophanes, constituting a direct personal attack on Cleon. The level of invective and satire is pretty astounding, especially since this was only the fourth comedy written by Aristophanes. In his previous comedy, "The Archanians," a character had threatened to cut up Cleon into shoe-leather for the Knights, and in this play the comic playwright makes good on his promise. From satirizing the policies of Cleon's political party and capturing the miseries of war, Aristophanes turns to a personal attack on Cleon as a demagogue. The comedy begins with two characters, Demosthenes and Nicias, who are caricatures of the historic orators who Aristophanes saw as following public opinion instead of truly leading the people like Pericles. The pair are slaves in the house of Demos, that is to say the citizens of Athens, and are complaining about the new slave, the Paplagonian ("the Tanner"), who represents Cleon and who controls "Demos" by even worst means than they ever did. So they decide to steal the oracles used to persuade Demos and learn that their enemy will be brought down by a sausage-seller. The next thing we know, a sausage-seller stumbles upon stage and the pair convince him to acting, promising him wealth, power, and the support of a thousand knights (who comprise the play's chorus). At this point the Paphlagonian shows up and the rest of the play consists of mainly a series of agons between him and the sausage-seller in which the two try to out wit, out lie, and outlast each other to win the favor of Demos. The sausage-seller wins over the Demos and Cleon is condemned to sell sausages made with the meat of asses and dogs, always be drunk, to exchange foul language with prostitutes, and to drink nothing but dirty bath water. In the parabasis the chorus ignore Cleon and talk instead about what would happen to the poor tragic poet who wrote this comedy if Athens treats them the way they have other geniuses as they grow old. The big finale has the chorus singing the praises of the knights, their forefathers, the god Poseidon, and of horses (which are sacred to Poseidon). Compared to "The Acharnians," it is clear "The Knights" is a much more bitter play, portraying the Paplagonian as an unprincipled, lying, cheating scoundrel. The legend is that no other comic dared to lampoon Cleon on stage and that Aristophanes played the role himself and instead of wearing a mask that would clearly represent the features of Cleon smeared his face with wine to represent the purple and bloated visage of the demagogue. The title, as is often the case with the work of Aristophanes, represents the chorus in the play. The Knights were one of the highest orders of citizens in Athens and embodied many of the aristocratic preferences and prejudices that Aristophanes saw as being outdated. "The Knights" was the fourth play produced by Aristophanes, presented at a Festival in 424 B.C. We do not know much of his first two efforts, "The Revellers" and "The Babylonians," both of which are long lost, but the third comedy, "The Acharnians" was the first of his three great comedies dealing with the subject of the Peloponnesian War, along with "The Peace" and "Lysistrata." "The Knights" was awarded the first prize at the festival, but Cleon remained in power and therefore a subject for further barbs from Aristophanes. REVIEW: [Peace] A farmer by the name of Trygaeus is weary of war and despairing of relief he does want anyone would do: he rides a giant dung-beetle up to heaven to get the gods to end the war. However, the gods are sick and tired of the Greeks and their constantly little wars and have left War to do as he wants. However, the God of War (identified by the title rather than by Ares, to avoid offending religious sensibilities), has buried Peace in a pit and it is up to the Chorus of Farmers to dig her up. Of course, this greatly upsets the war profiteers. The play was performed at the Great Dionysia in 421 B.C. during the final months of the Peloponnesian War fought between Athens and Sparta. In fact, a few weeks after "Peace" was performed the Peace of Nicias was ratified and suspended hostilities between the two city-states for six years. It is my understanding that scholars believe the text we have today of "Peace" is pieced together from two different versions, but whether this is the result of two different productions staged by Aristophanes or because of the efforts of some nameless soul recopying the ancient text at some point in history. Aristophanes appeals to me because his satire is usually based on "reductio ad absurdum," the great human impulse to take things to their logical extreme to render them ridiculous and therefore impotent. Certainly "Peace" is representative of Aristophanes as reformer, the gad-fly who wanted to persuade his audiences to change their foolish ways by ridiculing them on stage. I have always maintained that in studying Greek plays, whether the comedies of Aristophanes or the tragedies of Euripides, it is important to understand the particular structure of these plays and the various dramatic conventions of the theater. This involves not only the distinction between episodes and stasimons (scenes and songs), but elements like the "agon" (a formal debate on the crucial issue of the play), and the "parabasis" (in which the Chorus partially abandons its dramatic role and addresses the audience directly). "Peace" is usually considered a second tier comedy by Aristophanes, below "Lysistrata" and "The Clouds," but I still consider it an above-average Greek comedy. REVIEW: Aristophanes' Lysistrada is a timeless comedy that is likely to make even the modern reader blush. Not for the easily offended, Lysistrada is quite a feat from one of the earliest Greek comedic playwrights (Aristophanes was a colleague of Aeschylus). Simply hilarious!! REVIEW: You know you want to buy this, it’s got everything!!! Sexual innuendo reigns supreme here!!! Honestly, it'll have even the uninitiated non-classicists rolling with laughter!!! Buy it and experience the process of wetting yourself!!! 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If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world – but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE." Title: Aristophanes – Plays, Subtitle: Acharnians, Knights, Peace, Lysistrata

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