Seller: acmer (73) 100%, Location: Klongsan District, BA, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 192011776855 Condition: Tip of nose was broken and re-attached., Material: Stucco, Details: 100% authentic antique, 5th Century A.D. Bodhisattva Buddha (Prince Siddhartha) Large, Life-Sized Head from the Ancient Gandhara/Gandharan Region. The sculpture is a museum-quality rare type with tastefully arts of Hellenistic and North Indian. It exhibits turban decoration, curly hair, large ear rings (these are characteristic of king, prince, and noble of ancient kingdoms in Northern India) and facial expression of Hellenistic statues. This item was uncovered from the ground. It might have poly-chrome color painting on it. However, rain watering through the soil over years made the surface to become as shown in the pictures. And color of the soil also deposits onto the stucco, making it reddish looking. Stucco is the material made from lime and sand. The rougher the sand used in the mixing, the more strong it becomes. This item appears made from rougher sand so it is quite solid (almost like sand stone but it is not sand stone), not easy to break. However, it has small broken off at the nose tip -- this can happen given its age of 1,500 years. Width 20 cm. Height without Stand 35 cm. Height with Stand 47 cm. The stand can be detached. For reference example are last two photos: the similar Bodhisattva Buddha heads being exhibited at Smitsonian Museum and MET Museum in the US. According to Buddhism's history, Prince Siddhartha was born in 5th century B.C.E. in the Shakya Clan that ruled part of Northern India (including today's Nepal). At the age of 29, the prince decided to leave the comfort life in the royal court, leaving behind the materialistic things in search of the meaning of life and the path for enlightenment. At the age of 35, he attained the enlightenment, becoming what we have known as Siddhartha Gautama Buddha or simply the Buddha. The Buddha spent the next 45 years touching the life of people that he met and teaching the principle of Buddha Dharma that helps people manage the cause of suffering in life and be able to live happily. The story of Prince Siddhartha has passed down from the ancient time through scripture, painting, as well as iconic statue like this item. Using of stucco had been mastered by the Roman Empire and reached Gandharan area through the ancient silk road that linked Europe and Asia. Referred to the Book: The Art of Gandhara in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, starting from 4th Century A.D., trade and power had shift from Pakistan area to Afghanistan area. In Afghanistan, as they were building new trading posts, new monasteries, they chose to build more statues with stucco than with carving stones. The style, craftsmanship, material, and aging of this item are genuine of the Gandharan. Shipping and Handling We will have professional shipper to ship the item via ocean. Payment We accept PayPal only. Please make your payment within 7 days. Import Tax In buyer's country, buyer is responsible for the import duties, taxes, and charges. You can find more duty information at dutycalculator.com. We will write the sales price on the invoice unless you contact us. If you want us to declare differently or write lower cost on the invoice, please let us know when make your payment. Please understand that you may lose insurance coverage in that case. --------------------------- About GandharaGandhara was the area of ancient kingdoms covering valley and plateau regions of Pakistan and northeastern Afghanistan. In 327 B.C, King Alexander the Great conquered this area and some of his troops settled and developed remote Greek colony cities. Around 1st century A.D. Kushan Empire, a nomad tribe, took control of the Gandhara and part of Northern India, with its peak of the empire during the reign of King Kanishka the Great. 1st century A.D, Taxila city in the Gandhara was the center of Greco-Buddhism Art and later became the center of Mahayana School of Buddhism (The Great Vehicle School) that spread on into China, Korea, and Japan. The first Buddhist text in Chinese language was translated by Kushan person that immigrated into Western China. We can see Gandhara influence in Chinese's Northern Wei Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, as well as Japanese's Nara Era. Gandhara was mentioned in various ancient Chinese records from Han to Tang Dynasty. Monk Xuan Zang of Tang Dynasty (618-906 A.D) recorded in the his renowned Journey to the West, about the Kushan Buddhist Kingdom in Today's northern Afghanistan. Gandhara was dissolved from 8th century AD (no more Buddhist artifacts were created) after waves of Hunnic and Muslim invasions.