Seller: acmer (73) 100%, Location: Klongsan District, BA, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 191988553319 Condition: Original. No repair., Material: Stucco, Details: 100% authentic antique, 7th-8th Century A.D. Terracotta Female Deity Head from Ancient Buddhist Kingdom in Kashmir Valley in Today's Pakistan and Northern India. Made from terracotta, the item exhibits female deity with strong influence of Greco Buddhist Art. Width 7 cm. Length 10 cm. Height without Stand 11 cm. Height with Stand 19 cm. Wearing on the surface as shown on the picture. The last picture is, only for reference, a similar item from the British Museum. About Greco Buddist Art in Kashmir Kashmir has been the area of many kingdoms, many beliefs: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam. Little is known about these lost kingdoms. From the information available at the British Museum, the ancient kingdom of Huvishkapura in Kashmir, started during in the reign of the Kushan emperor Huvishka, in 2nd century AD and dissolved around 8th century. The remains of ancient Buddhist stupas, a large number of heads and other fragments were excavated from the site in 1916. These heads were produced by pulling rough casts from mould and then given a more individual quality by accentuating certain features and adding headdresses and ornaments, before being painted. They were probably arranged at various levels around the stupa, where they would have formed parts of larger tableaux of scenes of the Buddha or Bodhisattva. Stylistically, these can be related to the stucco heads from Gandhara Region, particularly the types seen at Hadda in Afghanistan of 4th century AD. At the same time, it has slightly fuller facial features and a softening of the details similar to Gupta sculpture of the late 5th century AD. It also has distinctly Kashmiri features: particuarly the long arched eyebrows and upward slanting eyes, common to much 6th-7th century Kashmiri sculpture, whether of stone or terracotta. About Gandhara Gandhara was an ancient kingdom covering valley and plateau regions of Pakistan and northeastern Afghanistan. In 327 B.C, King Alexander the Great conquered Gandhara area and some of his troops settled there and developed a remote Greek colony. Later, Kushan Empire took over the Gandhara, with its peak of the empire during the reign of King Kanishka the Great, 127 AD. Gandhara was the center of Greco-Buddhism Art and also the center of Mahayana School of Buddhism (The Great Vehicle School) that later spread on into China, Korea, and Japan. Gandhara influence can be found in Chinese's Northern Wei Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, as well as Japanese's Nara Era. Gandhara was mentioned in various ancient Chinese records from Han to Tang Dynasty. Monk Xuan Zang of Tang Dynasty (618-906 A.D) recorded in the his renowned Journey to the West, about the Buddhist Kingdom in Today's northern Afghanistan. Gandhara was dissolved from 8th century AD (no more Buddhist artifacts were created) after waves of Hunnic and Muslim invasions. Shipping and Handling We will have professional shipper to ship the item via ocean. Payment We accept PayPal only. Please make your payment within 7 days. Import Tax In buyer's country, buyer is responsible for the import duties, taxes, and charges. You can find more duty information at dutycalculator.com. We will write the sales price on the invoice unless you contact us. If you want us to declare differently or write lower cost on the invoice, please let us know when make your payment. Please understand that you may lose insurance coverage in that case.