Seller: paropamiso.gioielli (668) 100%, Location: Venezia, Ships to: Americas, Europe, Asia, AU, Item: 121471567654 Condition: Good condition., Material: Carnelian, Details: A Rare and Ancient "melon shaped" Pema Raka (Nan Hong) carnelian bead, coming from China-Tibet. Known in Hymalaya and Mongolia, at least 18th century, almost surely older. The weathering and the wear signs around the holes suggest a very old age and a continuous use.Excellent patina and some nicks due to the use, it presents a nice crystal inclusion that occupies almost all of one of the five sectors of the bead. "Pema Raka" is the Tibetan name and originates from the sanskrit words "Padma" (meaning Lotus flower) and "Rakta" (meaning red or blood), so the translation sounds like "blood lotus" or "red lotus". In chinese, Nan Hong means "red from south".These beads range from orange to deep red in colour, depending on iron's inclusions in chalcedony. They might also display crystalline banding.In Tibetan medicine they are supposed to protect to evil. Size: from hole to hole: 16mm. diameter: 20mm. weight: 8,9grms Import duties, sales taxes (vat) and other charges are not included in the item prices or in the shipping charges. These charges are under the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be, before bidding / buying. If you are not satisfied of your purchase, we accept return within 14 days for a full refund, less postage. Please look carefully to our pictures and read sizes and weight, because pictures are oversized to show lacks and values. We do not accept to undervalue our items. Please do not pay before receiving the final invoice including shipping fees. We’ll ship out of Europe purchases over euro 100,00 ONLY by FedEx courier. Insurance on demand. Our items are vintage or antique and will show signs of age. However we will point out any damage or fault. Please look at our pictures, they are extremely precise, but they are just pictures, so colors could change from monitor to monitor. If you have any doubt about colors, please call us or write to us for any information. Please email us for any questions or additional photos. Although the utmost care is taken with packing and dispatch; all items are sent at owner’s risk.