Seller: kendorney (1,018) 100%, Location: Redding, California, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 133262754798 Byzantine Empire, circa 8th - 9th Century ADA fine bronze pectoral reliquary cross half measuring 84 x 45mm. Depicted on the face is the Virgin Orans, or standing facing with upraised hands and wearing a long robe. Beneath her is the full length robed figure of Saint George and to each side smaller robed busts of the Apostles John and Peter. A single one line inscription above is either a local dialect or simply blundered but intending to mean "All Hallowed". A superb example and finely engraved with some adhesions to the interior surface and exhibiting a lovely patina. The tradition or relics became popularized by Helena who, as mother of Constantine The Great and with imperial funding, embarked on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 326 AD. It was during this trip where she brought back many relics including a cross which she believed to have been the very same upon which Jesus was crucified. In later times it became popular to obtain small fragments of wood, bone, skin and other items believed to have originated from or been in association with Jesus, an Apostle, Saint or other Biblical figure. These fragments were frequently enclosed inside these bronze crosses, sealed and worn by the faithful. Kenneth W. DorneyClassical NumismatistServing the Numismatic Community Since 1988 One of the first dealers on the web, we have been providing collectors and dealers with genuine ancient coins and antiquities since 1988. Having printed and published nearly 50 paper sales catalogs in the past, our offerings are now primarily online. We offer an eclectic selection of coins and relics from Greece, Rome, Byzantium, the Near and Far East and beyond from across the ancient world in many price ranges suitable for all collectors, beginning and advanced. TERMS & CONDITIONS OF SALEKenneth W. DorneyP.O. Box 493362Redding, CA 96049-3362 1. All items are guaranteed to be genuine and as described. An unconditional guarantee of authenticity is extended indefinitely. Any item found to be otherwise to our satisfaction may be returned for a full refund minus shipping charges, credit card fees and any other related expenses. 2. Any item which has been cleaned or otherwise altered from its original state may not be returned. Any and all returns should be fully insured by you. 3. Postage and insurance. Standard shipping is free in the US only. Standard shipping is typically First Class or Air Mail without insurance, though tracking numbers are always provided so that you may monitor the progress of your order. Insurance and other options are available at an additional cost. Please inquire. Insurance is NOT available outside the US! Registered Mail is available for an additional fee, but is not insured.