Byzantine Lead Seal

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Seller: hi*dealer (1,703) 100%, Location: European Union, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 392617137701 Byzantine Lead Seal Dia: 25 mm Weight: 11 g Condition: Excellent Please read the description and bid accordingly! As pictured and as described. NO RESERVE! Returns accepted for any reason. Bid confidently! YOU ARE BIDDING ON THE ITEM PICTURED! The founding of Rome goes back to the very early days of civilization. It is so old, it is today known as 'the eternal city'. The Romans believed that their city was founded in the year 753 BC. Modern historians though believe it was the year 625 BC. Early Rome was governed by kings, but after only seven of them had ruled, the Romans took power over their own city and ruled themselves.They then instead had a council known as the 'senate' which ruled over them. From this point on one speaks of the 'Roman Republic'.The word 'Republic' itself comes from the Latin (the language of the Romans) words 'res publica' which mean 'public matters' or 'matters of state'. The senate under the kings had only been there to advise the king. Now the senate appointed a consul, who ruled Rome like a king, but only for one year. - This was a wise idea, as like that, the consul ruled carefully and not as a tyrant, for he knew that otherwise he could be punished by the next consul, once his year was up.Rome knew four classes of people. This division was very important to the Romans. The lowest class were the slaves. They were owned by other people. They had no rights at all. The next class were the plebeians. They were free people. But they had little say at all. The second highest class were the equestrians (sometimes they are called the 'knights'). Their name means the 'riders', as they were given a horse to ride if they were called to fight for Rome. To be an equestrian you had to be rich. The highest class were the nobles of Rome. They were called 'patricians'. All the real power in Rome lay with them.The Roman Republic was a very successful government. It lasted from 510 BC until 23 BC - almost 500 years. The Roman empire in the end was overrun by millions of barbarians from the north and east of Europe. It is believed to have happened two or three times in history that huge migrations took place across Europe, where peoples moved to settle in new territories. The great migration proved too much for the Romans to stem. Their armies were designed to defeat other armies, not entire folks and peoples flooding toward them. The collapse was completed when Rome itself was conquered by the Visigoth Odoacer and his men in the year AD 476. But what is generally referred to as 'the Fall of Rome' doesn't include the eastern empire. This, with its centre in Constantinople, managed to cling on for almost another thousand years until it was eventually conquered by the Turks under their leader Mohammed II in the year AD 1453. Shipping Details All parcels safely packed in boxes/bubble envelopes and bubble wrap.Shipment fees are for Recorded Delivery (with tracking number): In the event that you win more that one auction, the items may be shipped together in one box and the shipping fee is calculated as follows: as above for the first item and 2$ for each additional item. Payment Details I accept only PayPal. Privacy Policy Rest assured your information will not be given, sold, rented or loaned to any third party. Returns Policy In the unlikely event that a return is request, all returns must include all original items undamaged, in re-saleable condition, all original packaging etc. Shipping and handling fees are not refundable. Buyer is responsible for shipping costs incurred shipping products back. Material: Lead, Original/Reproduction: Reproduction

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