Celtic Iron Age Zoomorphic Votive Figurine to Goddess Artio The Bear 1st C. BC

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Seller: ancientpasts (117) 100%, Location: Peterborough, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 352645697400 Visit Our Shop Add To Saved Sellers Join Our Newsletter Contact Us Celtic Iron Age Zoomorphic Votive Figurine to Goddess Artio The Bear 1st C. BC DescriptionDate: 1st Century BC / AD: Physical Size: 71.2 mm: Width. 40 mm: Weight. 147.80 grams: This is thought to be a rare zoomorphic representation of the proto-Celtic Goddess of central to Northern European known as Artio: In the later Roman pantheon the bear was an associated animal companion of the Goddess Diana the Huntress: the parallels with Celtic strength and the hunting predator being adopted by the Romans and amalgamated with their own pantheon deity characteristics and here the fit to Diana fits well: The Romans had willingly adopted regional Celtic Gods and Goddess is well known, perhaps rather than offend a local belief system, they would adopt the deity and associate it with their own belief systems: The figurine is a cast copper-alloy example, which has received a silver-gilt application, which can still be appreciated in several locations: The bear is seen free-standing [possibly for alter display], and holds some form of framed lunar device above the head: The bear is slightly hunched forward and it is suspected that this is to assist in balance to allow the figure to stand freely: Notes: Journal of Celtic Studies in Eastern Europe and Asia Minor: ‘In Celtic culture the bear was associated with the Bear Goddess Artio – attested to in inscriptions such as those from Daun (CIL 4203), Stockstadt (CIL XIII 11789), Heddernheim (CIL 13, 7375) (all Germany), as well as Weilerbach (Luxembourg) (CIL XIII 4113) and Muri (near Bern) in Switzerland (CIL 13, 05160). The latter inscription comes from a bronze sculpture, which depicts a large bear facing a woman seated in a chair [possibly Roman Goddess Diana], with a small tree behind the bear. The woman seems to hold fruit in her lap, apparently feeding the bear’. Reference: Journal of Celtic Studies in Eastern Europe and Asia Minor, as above: Also: For similar museum recorded examples: Portable Antiquities Service [PAS] ID. SF-DCB627 (horned Bull) Found Suffolk: please see the PAS online record resource for further details: God and Heroes of the European Bronze Age [Thames and Hudson - 1999]: Condition: Very Fine. Very fine developed patination tones in both copper-alloy oxides and where silver remains this also shows considerable age-associated oxide tones: The bronze exhibits a fine semi-mirrored finish with fine colour tones of green and brown observed to all surfaces: Provenance: Ex-private German collection established in the 1970’s: The figurine was said to have been recovered in the area of the Black Forest in the 1960’s:Copyright Ancient Pasts | All rights reserved Shipping UK Royal Mail Special Delivery: International Royal Mail Tracked and Signed: Returns Available please contact us for Terms and Conditions: Payment We accept payment via Debit & Credit Card and PayPal. All transactions are 100% secure. Why Buy From Us? Thank you for Visiting our eBay Listing Copyright Ancient Pasts | All rights reserved Condition: Very fine developed patination tones in both copper-alloy oxides and where silver remains this also shows considerable age-associated oxide tones, Colour: Green, Material: Bronze, Type: Chissle, Provenance: Ownership History Available

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