FORVM Rare gVF Byzantine Manuel II Palaeologus PUBLIC MINT 1/2 Stravraton

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller forumancientcoins (5,650) 100%, Location: Morehead City, North Carolina, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 401768215405 Byzantine Empire, Manuel II Palaeologus, 25 September 1373 - 1423 A.D.Joint rule as junior emperor with John V (his father), 25 September 1373 - 12 August 1376 A.D. Lost rule to usurper Andronikos IV (his older brother) and John VII (his nephew), 12 August 1376 - 1 July 1379 A.D. Joint rule as junior emperor with John V (his father), 1 July 1379 - 14 April 1390 A.D. Lost rule to usurper John VII (his nephew), 14 April - 17 September 1390 A.D. Joint rule as junior emperor with John V (his father), 17 September 1390 - 16 February 1391 A.D. Sole rule, 16 February 1391 - 1399 A.D. Assigned regent John VII (his nephew), 1399 - 1402 A.D. Sole rule, 1402 - 18 January 1421 A.D. Joint rule as senior emperor with John VIII (his son), 19 January 1421 - 1423 A.D. After his older brother tried to usurp their father's throne, Manuel II was made co-emperor. Andronikos IV and then his son John VII seized rule, but John V was restored. After a five year Ottoman siege, in 1399 Manuel left for European courts to seek aid. Relations with John VII had improved and he was made regent. The siege was lifted after the Mongols defeated the Ottomans at Ankara. During the Ottoman civil war that followed, John VII recovered some lost territory including Thessalonica. When Manuel returned home, his nephew retired to govern Thessalonica. In 1421 the Ottomans assault renewed. Manuel made his son John VIII co-emperor and left again to seek aid. Unsuccessful, the he was forced to pay tribute to the sultan. Manuel II retired as a monk in 1423 and died on 21 July 1425. Manuel's half stavrata with this reverse legend (which translates: 'Manuel who is faithful to Christ the Lord') comprise the 'Pistos' (Faithful) series. The 'Pistos' series, numbers about half the quantity of half stavrata of the 'Imperial' series, with the normal basileus legend (which translates: 'King Manuel Palaeologus'). In A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins, Simon Bendall asserts, 'Evidence suggests there were two mints in Constantinople -- the imperial mint producing coinage for the emperor's needs and a public mint where the members of the public could bring in bullion or plate to be turned into money. The 'Pistos' coins were probably the production of this public mint at Constantinople.'BZ89546. Silver half stavraton (Pistos series), references: quarter hyperpyron, sigla 71; DOC V 1480 (same dies); Bendall PCPC 343.5 (same dies); Bendall LPC p. 160, 2; Grierson 1518; Sommer 88.3; SBCV 2552; condition: gVF, toned, uneven strike, typical tight flan, mint: Public Mint, Constantinople, weight: 3.427g, maximum diameter: 21.5mm, die axis: 180o, date struck: c. 1405 - 1415; obverse bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) divided across field, no sigla, double border with pellets between; reverse I MAVOH E XO TO EV HCTOC BA (Manuel who is faithful to Christ the Lord, blundered, incomplete cross at start), bust of John VII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in both left and right fields (sigla); additional comments: from the Robert Wachter Collection; rare, $518 Forum Ancient Coins' Buy it Now eBay listings are priced to sell. 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