Seller: signatureitem (493) 100%, Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 223018984655 This marvelous antique Neoclassic Greek Revivalist table lamp is a product of the Aesthetic movement in Art from 1899 to 1927 preceded by the Gothic Movement and just before the Art Nouveau period in art history (pictured #1). The term Aesthetic comes from Greek philosophy and is the study of the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty and is a critical reflection on art, culture and nature. Greek mythology is a large collection of stories, started in Ancient Greece, about the beginning of the world, and the lives and adventures of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines. Neoclassic art attempts to revive ancient Greek mythological figures at any point in time like the time this table lamp was made. In ancient Greek mythology the God Zephyrus represents the West Wind. He is married to Iris and their child is Pothus. Zephyrus is a male winged horse. Iris, his wife, is a female winged horse (pictured #3), and Pothus, her son, is a small boy like a colt with wings too. Iris is known as the goddess of the rainbow and another messenger for the gods in Greek mythology. She is depicted as a beautiful golden goddess, with wings (for flight). Iris is very swift and fast and she generally travels by rainbow 'to and fro' communicating with other mythological figures and delivering her knowledge to the gods. It is even said that the reason the rainbow comes and goes so fast is because Iris only uses it for travel and since she is so fast, it is only in the sky for a small amount of time and she usually travels with her winged son named Pothus as he yearns to travel with her. The Aesthetic movement in art heralded Greek revivalism as evidenced by the four repousse appliques of winged zephyrs on this lamp again, (pictured #2). The zephyrs are of Zephyrus' wife Iris and they surround the body of this lamp. An applique is a cut out decoration applied to a larger surface like the body of this lamp. Each applique on this lamp is done in repousse whereby a piece of metal is shaped or ornamented resulting in patterns in relief (raised from a flat surface) made by hammering or pressing on the reverse side of the metal with a tool and a small mallet or by pressing 'to and fro' with a small, blunt, wood or metal tool to raise the metal above the surface creating a pattern of relief on the opposite side just like the zephyrs on this lamp. Other signs of Greek revivalism are the urn shape (pictured #3) of this lamp with two carrying handles on either side of it (pictured #4 & #5). Ancient Greek urns were used to store perfumes and body lotions. The metal shade showing Greek Acanthus leaves on top (Acanthus leaves are indigenous to Greece) also done in a repousse technique (pictured #6). The four feet that hold it upright are also done in an Acanthus leaf style too (pictured #7). The outside of the shade is dome shaped and latticed, again, with Acanthus leaves (pictured #8). The inside of the shade has a tambour with a domed network made of wire to hold its cloth shade and the cloth is a deep red orange color made from raw silk and it has been restored to it original state (pictured #9). The red orange silk brings out the luster of the lamp below the shade level too. The shade rests on four wire arms that extend out from below the bulb assembly and each wire arm has a bend in it to grasp the outer edges of the shade and hold it firmly in place so it doesn't wiggle after the shade is placed on top of the lamp. There are three sockets that spread out ward and each socket has a paddle switch on it to light up the lamp (pictured #10). You may light one bulb or all three depending on brightness you are looking for. The lamp measures 14 1/2" tall X 14" across and it is in 'excellent' condition for its age. It has a 6' cord that will reach almost any electrical outlet and has been rewired for safety with a new plug. It has a nice golden patina applied to it and the entire lamp, with the exception of the raw silk shade, is made from solid brass. During the time this lamp was made brass is and was a semi-precious metal resembling gold and it was used for this purpose as real gold would be impractical and tremendously expensive. Good luck bidding on this lamp as it is an antique, a product of the Aesthetic movement in Art History, it has been totally restored, and it is in excellent working condition. It would do well in a foyer setting, on a table, in a built-in shelf unit with an electrical outlet, on a dresser or bureau, and it would make a great parlor lamp in the sun room if you have one. Any questions? Email me right away! Condition: Used, Condition: 'NEAR MINT'