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NEW Plato Protagoras & Meno Ancient Greece Philosophy Ethics Virtue The Soul

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Seller: ancientgifts (4,310) 100%, Location: Ferndale, Washington, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 122149220643 TRANSLATE Arabic Chinese French German Greek Indonesian Italian Hindi Japanese Korean Swedish Portuguese Russian Spanish Your browser does not support JavaScript. To view this page, enable JavaScript if it is disabled or upgrade your browser. Click here to see 1,000 archaeology/ancient history books and 2,000 ancient artifacts, antique gemstones, antique jewelry! Plato: Protagoras and Meno, Translated by W.K.C. Guthrie. DESCRIPTION: Softcover: 156 pages. Publisher: Penguin Books; (1956). The “Protagoras” and “Meno” are two of the most enjoyable and readable of all of Plato’s dialogues. The “Protagoras” is moreover universally acknowledged as a dramatic masterpiece. Socrates (469-399 B.C.) played an integral part in the great ethical debates of the fifth century B.C. which laid the foundation for all later moral thought. In the two dialogues in this volume, Plato reveals his master at work on the question of virtue. What is virtue, and is it something that can be learned? In “Protagoras”, Socrates pits his wits against the great sophist of the title, and by implication, against both the new and the accepted wisdom of the time. The dialogue leads to the conclusion that all the virtues are united by knowledge, which should be very person’s goal. In “Meno”, which first clearly shows the Socratic approach to attempting definition of an ambiguous concept such as virtue, Socrates then argues that all so-called learning is in fact the recovery of pre-existent knowledge in the soul, and that if virtue is teachable, it must be knowledge. CONDITION: New oversized softcover. Unblemished except VERY slight edge and corner shelf wear to the covers. Pages are pristine; clean, crisp, unmarked, unmutilated, tightly bound, unambiguously unread. Condition is entirely consistent with new stock from a bookstore environment wherein new books might show minor signs of shelfwear, consequence of simply being shelved and re-shelved. Satisfaction unconditionally guaranteed. In stock, ready to ship. No disappointments, no excuses. PROMPT SHIPPING! HEAVILY PADDED, DAMAGE-FREE PACKAGING! PLEASE SEE IMAGES BELOW FOR SAMPLE PAGES FROM INSIDE OF BOOK. PLEASE SEE PUBLISHER, PROFESSIONAL, AND READER REVIEWS BELOW. PUBLISHER REVIEW: REVIEW: Contained in this volume are two works by the great ancient Greek philosopher Plato. The "Protagoras," like several of the Dialogues of Plato, is put into the mouth of Socrates, who describes a conversation which had taken place between himself and the great Sophist at the house of Callias, “the man who had spent more upon the Sophists than all the rest of the world”, and in which the learned Hippias and the grammarian Prodicus had also shared, as well as Alcibiades and Critias, both of whom said a few words in the presence of a distinguished company consisting of disciples of Protagoras and of leading Athenians belonging to the Socratic circle. The dialogue commences with a request on the part of Hippocrates that Socrates would introduce him to the celebrated teacher. He has come before the dawn had risen, so fervid is his zeal. Socrates moderates his excitement and advises him to find out “what Protagoras will make of him”, before he becomes his pupil. The "Meno" begins abruptly with a question of Meno, who asks, 'whether virtue can be taught.' Socrates replies that he does not as yet know what virtue is, and has never known anyone who did. 'Then he cannot have met Gorgias when he was at Athens.' Yes, Socrates had met him, but he has a bad memory, and has forgotten what Gorgias said. Will Meno tell him his own notion, which is probably not very different from that of Gorgias? 'O yes-nothing easier: there is the virtue of a man, of a woman, of an old man, and of a child; there is a virtue of every age and state of life, all of which may be easily described.' Plato (429-347 B.C.) stands with Socrates and Aristotle as one of the shapers of the whole intellectual tradition of the West. He came from a family that had long played a part in Athenian politics, and it would have been natural for him to follow the same course. He declined to do so however, disgusted by the violence and corruption of Athenian political life, and sickened especially by the execution in 399 B.C. of his friend and teacher, Socrates. Inspired by Socrates’ inquiries into the nature of ethical standards, Plato sought a cure for the ills of society not in politics but in philosophy, and arrived at his fundamental and lasting conviction that those ills would never cease until philosophers became rulers or rulers philosophers. At an uncertain date in the early fourth century B.C. he founded in Athens the Academy, the first permanent institution devoted to philosophical research and teaching, and the prototype of all western universities. He traveled extensively, notably to Sicily as political advisor to Dionysius II, ruler of Syracuse. Plato wrote over twenty philosophical dialogues, and there are also extant under his name thirteen letters, whose genuineness is keenly disputed. His literary activity extended over perhaps half a century. Few other writers have exploited so effectively the grace and precision, the flexibility and power, of Greek prose. PROFESSIONAL REVIEWS: REVIEW: This volume contains new translations of two dialogues of Plato, the Protagoras and the Meno, together with explanatory notes and substantial interpretive essays. The translations are as literal as is compatible with sound English style and take into account important textual variations. Because the interpretive essays both sketch the general outlines of the dialogues and take up specific theoretical or philosophic difficulties, they will be of interest not only to those reading the dialogues for the first time but also to those already familiar with them. The Protagoras and the Meno are linked by the attention each pays to the idea of virtue: the latter dialogue focuses on the fundamental Socratic question "What is virtue?", the former on the specific virtue of courage, especially in its relation to wisdom. REVIEW: The Protagoras, one of Plato's most brilliant dramatic masterpieces, presents a vivid picture of the crisis of fifth-century Greek thought, in which traditional values and conceptions of man were subjected both to the criticism of the Sophists and to the far more radical criticism of Socrates. The dialogue deals with many themes which are central to the ethical theories which Plato developed under the influence of Socrates, notably the nature of human excellence, the relation of knowledge to right conduct, and the place of pleasure in the good life. REVIEW: Given its brevity, Plato's Meno covers an astonishingly wide array of topics: politics, education, virtue, definition, philosophical method, mathematics, the nature and acquisition of knowledge, and immortality. Its treatment of these, though profound, is tantalizingly short, leaving the reader with many unresolved questions. This book confronts the dialogue's many enigmas and attempts to solve them in a way that is both lucid and sympathetic to Plato's philosophy. Reading the dialogue as a whole, it explains how different arguments are related to one another, and how the interplay between characters is connected to the philosophical content of the work. In a new departure, this book's exploration focuses primarily on the content and coherence of the dialogue in its own right, and not merely in the context of Plato's other works, making it required reading for all students of Plato, whether they are from the world of classics or philosophy. READER REVIEWS: REVIEW: "Meno" is a great work because it challenges the reader to question his definitions of certain concepts in order that the reader may seek to find what that concept really is. Meno thinks he knows what virtue is and defines it as being different for each type of person; for instance, virtue for a man is governing his affairs well while virtue for a woman is being a good housewife and being obedient to her husband. Socrates then asks Meno questions such as what do all virtues have in common that make them virtues. By questioning Meno thus, he is forcing him to clarify what his idea of virtue is. This is crucial, for one cannot act virtuously if one does not know what virtue is. In this way, "Meno" challenges us to question not just our definition of virtue but all our ideas in order that we may be acting in accordance with reality rather than just an appearance that is actually far removed from reality. REVIEW: Many will say that the quintessential dialogue for understanding Plato is the Republic, and with good reason. However, for the neophyte, there is none better than the Meno. Here we see Plato's theory of Forms in its incipient stages, and learn about his odd notion that learning is remembering. Here all this is fresh and vibrant and we are eyewitnesses as Socrates stings the eponymous Meno into a realization that he does not understand virtue quite as well as he might have thought. The Meno is a great place to start understanding Plato! REVIEW: Many modern philosophers have debated exactly what "virtue" is, and how one becomes or is virtuous. Protagoras and Socrates, two ancient Greek philosophers actively debate this issue in this book. For those out there who love philosophy, this book is definitely for you. It does an excellent job of explaining two different views on this subject, and will obviously attract philosophy buffs. REVIEW: If Meno's slave boy, if a slave is capable of discovering the same knowledge about geometry and to discover and apply the most profound ideas that can ever discovered, as Meno's slave demonstrates is able to do, what does that say about what a slave is? What does that, if true, demonstrate about human beings? I not only recommend this but wanted to pose that question too. I recommend the "Meno" dialogue as well as Frederick Douglass's three Autobiographies. I always ship books Media Mail in a padded mailer. This book is shipped FOR FREE via USPS INSURED media mail (“book rate”). All domestic shipments and most international shipments will include free USPS Delivery Confirmation (you might be able to update the status of your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site and free insurance coverage). A small percentage of international shipments may require an additional fee for tracking and/or delivery confirmation. If you are concerned about a little wear and tear to the book in transit, I would suggest a boxed shipment - it is an extra $1.00. Whether via padded mailer or box, we will give discounts for multiple purchases. International orders are welcome, but shipping costs are substantially higher. Most international orders cost an additional $12.99 to $33.99 for an insuredshipment in a heavily padded mailer, and typically includes some form of rudimentary tracking and/or delivery confirmation (though for some countries, this is only available at additional cost). There is also a discount program which can cut postage costs by 50% to 75% if you’re buying about half-a-dozen books or more (5 kilos+). Rates and available services vary a bit from country to country. You can email or message me for a shipping cost quote, but I assure you they are as reasonable as USPS rates allow, and if it turns out the rate is too high for your pocketbook, we will cancel the sale at your request. ADDITIONAL PURCHASES do receive a VERY LARGE discount, typically about $5 per book (for each additional book after the first) so as to reward you for the economies of combined shipping/insurance costs. Your purchase will ordinarily be shipped within 48 hours of payment. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. All of our shipments are sent via insured mail so as to comply with PayPal requirements. We do NOT recommend uninsured shipments, and expressly disclaim any responsibility for the loss of an uninsured shipment. Unfortunately the contents of parcels are easily “lost” or misdelivered by postal employees – even in the USA. That’s why all of our domestic shipments (and most international) shipments include a USPS delivery confirmation tag; or are trackable or traceable, and all shipments (international and domestic) are insured. We do offer U.S. Postal Service Priority Mail, Registered Mail, and Express Mail for both international and domestic shipments, as well United Parcel Service (UPS) and Federal Express (Fed-Ex). Please ask for a rate quotation. We will accept whatever payment method you are most comfortable with. If upon receipt of the item you are disappointed for any reason whatever, I offer a no questions asked return policy. Send it back, I will give you a complete refund of the purchase price (less our original shipping costs). Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. However many of the items also come from purchases I make in Eastern Europe, India, and from the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean/Near East) from various institutions and dealers. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology. After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. Aside from my own personal collection, I have made extensive and frequent additions of my own via purchases on Ebay (of course), as well as many purchases from both dealers and institutions throughout the world – but especially in the Near East and in Eastern Europe. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. In fact much of what we generate on Yahoo, Amazon and Ebay goes to support The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with. Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the "business" of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. I would be happy to provide you with a certificate/guarantee of authenticity for any item you purchase from me. There is a $2 fee for mailing under separate cover. Whenever I am overseas I have made arrangements for purchases to be shipped out via domestic mail. If I am in the field, you may have to wait for a week or two for a COA to arrive via international air mail. But you can be sure your purchase will arrive properly packaged and promptly - even if I am absent. And when I am in a remote field location with merely a notebook computer, at times I am not able to access my email for a day or two, so be patient, I will always respond to every email. Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE."

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