Old Batak Beaded Neckless Handmade beads (a) …beautiful collection / accent piec

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller jimapix ✉️ (2,789) 100%, Location: Miranda, South Sydney, New South Wales, AU, Ships to: WORLDWIDE, Item: 253226998279 Old Batak Beaded Neckless Handmade beads (a) …beautiful collection / accent piec. Old Batak Beaded Neckless Handmade beads (a) …beautiful collection / accent piece Old Batak Beaded Neckless with Handmade beads (a), a beautiful collection / accent piece… Please see detail photos which form part of the description… STU/A26 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The term is used to include the Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Angkola, and Mandailing which are related groups with distinct languages and customs (adat). Linguistic and archaeological evidence indicates that Austronesian speakers first reached Sumatra from Taiwan and the Philippines through Borneo or Java about 2,500 years ago, and the Batak probably descended from these settlers. While the archaeology of southern Sumatra testifies to the existence of neolithic settlers, it seems that the northern part of Sumatra was settled by agriculturalists at a considerably later stage. Although the Batak are often considered to be isolated peoples thanks to their location inland, away from the influence of seafaring European colonials, there is evidence that they have been involved in trade with other neighbouring kingdoms for a millennium or more. Reliable historical records of the Batak before 1800 are virtually non-existent. The Batak may be mentioned in Zhao Rugua's 13th-century Description of the Barbarous People, which refers to a 'Ba-ta' dependency of Srivijaya. The Suma Oriental, of the 15th century, also refers to the kingdom of Bata, bounded by Pasai and the Aru kingdom. Based on this evidence, the Batak may have been involved in procuring important commodities for trade with China, perhaps from the 8th or 9th centuries and continuing for the next thousand years, with Batak men carrying the products on their backs for sale at ports. It has been suggested that the important port of Barus in Tapanuli was populated primarily by Batak people. A Tamil inscription has been found in Barus which is dated to 1088, while contact with Chinese and Tamil traders took place at Kota Cina, a trading town located in what is now northern Medan that was established in the 11th century, and comprising 10,000 people by the 12th century. Tamil remains have been found on key trade routes to the Batak lands. These trading opportunities may have caused migration of Batak from Pakpak and Toba to the present-day Karo and Simalungun 'frontier' lands, where they were exposed to greater influence from visiting Tamil traders, while the migration of Batak to the Angkola-Mandailing lands may have been prompted by 8th-century Srivijayan demand for camphor. The Karo marga or tribe Sembiring "black one" is believed to originate from their ties with Tamil traders, with specific Sembiring sub-marga, namely Brahmana, Colia, Pandia, Depari, Meliala, Muham, Pelawi, and Tekan all of Indian origin. Tamil influence on Karo religious practices are also noted, with the pekualuh secondary cremation ritual being specific to the Karo and Dairi people. Moreover the Pustaka Kembaren, an origin story of the Sembiring Kembaren suggests linkages with Pagarruyung in Minangkabau Highlands. From the 16th century onward, Aceh increased the production of pepper, an important export commodity, in exchange for rice, which grew well in the Batak wetlands. Batak people in different areas cultivated either sawah (wet rice fields) or ladang (dry rice), and the Toba Batak, most expert in agriculture, must have migrated to meet demand in new areas. The increasing importance of rice had religious significance, which increased the power of the Batak high priests, who had responsibility for ensuring agricultural success. The measurements are Size: Hangs 25 cm Please email me with any questions or for a delivery quote …or pick up from Miranda in Sydney South International Buyers email me for a Shipping Quote Return Policy It is very important to me that you are happy with your purchase; if for any reason you are not, please contact me immediately, before leaving feedback, so I may have a chance to rectify the problem. We cannot fix a problem we do not know about. We strive for straight A+ and all 5’s in our feedback and will bend over backwards to achieve this. Any idem that is not as described or any idem that arrives damaged will be refunded. We ship by Australian registered and insured post or by Ego Courier’s. I have many regular and happy customers and hope that you will also become one of them. NOTE Many of the items for sale at Jim’s International Bazaar were collected by Jim on his around the world adventures as an author, photojournalist and photographer. They include Turkish rugs, copper and brass, and artifacts from China, New Guinea, Africa and South America. These things are from his privet collection, none were bought for the purpose of reselling but rather to decorate his home. Many new items will be listed as they are unpacked from storage along with a wonderful collection of photographic prints including many wildlife photos and prints of tigers photographed in China. ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHER James Anderson is an internationally renowned photojournalist and adventurer, with two major photographic books (New Guinea & Cannibal), plus covers and major spreads in a whole host of internationally prestigious magazines from Life International to The Geographic and Argosy. He's been shipwrecked in the Pacific, wrestled camels in Turkey, and scoured the New Guinea Highlands in search of missing American heir and adventurer Michael Rockefeller. He has also lived and worked in the jungles of New Guinea for over two years while collecting material for his books and records. A blue-water yachtsman, he sailed his own 60ft yacht, the "Moana Vahine", from Hong Kong to Southern Turkey, down the South China Sea, across the Indian Ocean, and up the full length of the Red Sea, via Singapore, Panang, Sri lanki, The Maldive Islands, and French Djibouti. An avid diver and spear fisherman, he mounted a series of diving expeditions in The Maldive Islands and The Red Sea. In addition to several years in New Guinea, he has organized and/or participated in photographic expeditions in Kenya and Tanzania, in Brazil and Columbia, in Turkey and some of the more remote islands of the south pacific. "On board the forty-foot ketch, the "Marquesa", we were the first yacht to visit the remote island of Ua Pou, in the Marquesas in almost two years. Condition: Please see detail photos which form part of the description…, Material: Mixed Material, Original/Reproduction: Original, Provenance: Batak Tribal, Product Type: Beaded Neckless, Originating Region: Sumatra, Era: 1900's

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