Panormos in Sicily 336BC RARE Ancient Greek Coin APOLLO Cult Horse i49803

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller highrating_lowprice (20,888) 100%, Location: Rego Park, New York, Ships to: Worldwide, Item: 231550016561 Item: i49803 Authentic Ancient Coin of: Greek city of Panormos in Sicily As Ziz (but without Punic 'sys') Bronze 15mm (1.97 grams) Struck circa 336-330 B.C. Reference: Calc.CNS, p.272, 12/2. Laureate head of Apollo left. Forepart of horse prancing right, dolphin leaping right below. The principal Phoenician city in Sicily, Panormos produced a limited coinage in the latter part of the 5th Century; but following the great success of Carthaginian arms, 409-405 B.C., the issues of the mint became much larger. The types are mostly copied form the coinages of other Sicilian cities, such as Gela, Segesta and Syracuse. You are bidding on the exact item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity. In Greek and Roman mythology , Apollo , is one of the most important and diverse of the Olympian deities . The ideal of the kouros (a beardless youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; archery ; medicine and healing; music, poetry, and the arts; and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis . Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu. Apollo was worshiped in both ancient Greek and Roman religion , as well as in the modern Greco -Roman Neopaganism . As the patron of Delphi (Pythian Apollo), Apollo was an oracular god — the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle . Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius , yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague as well as one who had the ability to cure. Amongst the god's custodial charges, Apollo became associated with dominion over colonists , and as the patron defender of herds and flocks. As the leader of the Muses (Apollon Musagetes) and director of their choir, Apollo functioned as the patron god of music and poetry . Hermes created the lyre for him, and the instrument became a common attribute of Apollo. Hymns sung to Apollo were called paeans . In Hellenistic times, especially during the third century BCE, as Apollo Helios he became identified among Greeks with Helios , god of the sun , and his sister Artemis similarly equated with Selene , goddess of the moon . In Latin texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the first century, not even in the conjurations of Aeneas and Latinus in Aeneid XII (161–215). Apollo and Helios/Sol remained separate beings in literary and mythological texts until the third century CE. Palermo is a city in Southern Italy , the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo . The city is noted for its history , culture , architecture and gastronomy , playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the northwest of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea . The city was founded by the Phoenicians , but named by the Ancient Greeks as Panormus meaning “always fit for landing in.” Palermo became part of the Roman Republic , the Roman Empire and eventually part of the Byzantine Empire , for over a thousand years. From 827 to 1071 it was under Arab rule during the Emirate of Sicily when it first became a capital. Following the Norman reconquest , Palermo became capital of a new kingdom (from 1130 to 1816), the Kingdom of Sicily . Eventually it would be united with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Two Sicilies until the Italian unification of 1860. The population of the Palermo urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 855,285, while its metropolitan area is the fifth most populated in Italy with around 1.2 million people. In the central area, the city has a population of around 650,000 people. The inhabitants are known as Palermitans or poetically panormiti. The languages spoken by its inhabitants are the Italian language and the Sicilian language , in its Palermitan variation. Palermo is Sicily's cultural , economic and touristic capital. It is a city rich in history , culture , art, music and food. Numerous tourists are attracted to the city for its good Mediterranean weather, its renowned gastronomy and restaurants , its Romanesque , Gothic and Baroque churches , palaces and buildings , and its nightlife and music .[1] Palermo is the main Sicilian industrial and commercial center: the main industrial sectors include tourism , services , commerce and agriculture .[2] Palermo currently has an international airport , and a significant underground economy .[citation needed] In fact, for cultural, artistic and economic reasons, Palermo was one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean and is now among the top tourist destinations in both Italy and Europe. The city is also going through careful redevelopment, preparing to become one of the major cities of the Euro-Mediterranean area. Roman Catholicism is highly important in Palermitan culture. The patron saint of the city is Saint Rosalia . Her feast day on July 15 is perhaps the biggest social event in the city. The area attracts significant numbers of tourists each year and is widely known for its colourful fruit, vegetable and fish market at the heart of Palermo, known as the Vucciria. History Ancient era Evidence for human settlement in the area now known as Palermo goes back to the Pleistocene Epoch , around 8000 BC . This evidence is present in the form of cave drawings at nearby Addaura writ by the Sicani who, according to Thucydides , arrived from the Iberian Peninsula (perhaps Catalonia ). During 734 BC the Phoenicians , a sea trading peoples from the north of ancient Canaan , built a small settlement on the natural habour of Palermo. Some sources suggest they named the settlement "Ziz." The Greeks , who were the most dominant culture on the island of Sicily due to the powerful city state of Syracuse to the east, instead called the settlement Panormus. Its Greek name means "all-port" and it was named so because of its fine natural harbour . Palermo was then passed on to the Phoenician's descendants and successors, the Carthaginians . During this period it was a centre of commerce ; however a power struggle between the Greeks and the Carthaginians broke out in the form of the Sicilian Wars , causing unrest. It was from Palermo that Hamilcar 's fleet (which was defeated at the Battle of Himera ) was launched Palermo eventually became a Greek colony when Pyrrhus of Epirus gained it during the Pyrrhic War period in 276 BC . However, as the Romans flooded into Sicily during the First Punic War , the city came under Roman rule only three decades later. The Romans made sure that, in the words of Roman consul M. Valerian to the Roman Senate ; "no Carthaginian remains in Sicily". This period was quite a calm time for Palermo, which was growing into an important Roman trade centre. Also during this period Christianity first began to be practised in Palermo. Frequently Asked Questions How long until my order is shipped? Depending on the volume of sales, it may take up to 5 business days for shipment of your order after the receipt of payment. How will I know when the order was shipped? After your order has shipped, you will be left positive feedback, and that date should be used as a basis of estimating an arrival date. After you shipped the order, how long will the mail take? USPS First Class mail takes about 3-5 business days to arrive in the U.S., international shipping times cannot be estimated as they vary from country to country. I am not responsible for any USPS delivery delays, especially for an international package. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? Each of the items sold here, is provided with a Certificate of Authenticity, and a Lifetime Guarantee of Authenticity, issued by a world-renowned numismatic and antique expert that has identified over 10000 ancient coins and has provided them with the same guarantee. You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Compared to other certification companies, the certificate of authenticity is a $25-50 value. So buy a coin today and own a piece of history, guaranteed. d. Is there a money back guarantee? I offer a 30 day unconditional money back guarantee. I stand behind my coins and would be willing to exchange your order for either store credit towards other coins, or refund, minus shipping expenses, within 30 days from the receipt of your order. My goal is to have the returning customers for a lifetime, and I am so sure in my coins, their authenticity, numismatic value and beauty, I can offer such a guarantee. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? 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