RARE 15-17th CENTURY RUSSIAN NORTH ORTHODOX HAND-CARVED CROSS "CROWN OF THORNS"

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (883) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202423660283 Rare, well preserved ancient Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring a hand-carved image of the three-bar Cross with the "Crown of Thorns". Cast from bronze or similar brass-like copper alloy, covered with the original, uncleaned rare green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely c. 15th-17th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse). Mildly worn out, but very thick and robust structurally. The size of the cross are shown on the photographs posted with the listing. Authentic antique symbol of the Orthodox faith, sound and wearable. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a traditional image of a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross, and abbreviated inscriptions in Church Slavonic incorporated into diamond or rhomboid shapes positioned in the crossbar ends. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The unique features of this pendant's design include the Suppedaneum cross having its top crossbeam attached on the top of the cross, according to the ancient tradition of the Russian North. There is a symbolic image of the Crown of Thorns, or a wreath, in the centerpiece making it similar to the Sun circle in the middle of a Celtic Cross, or a Solar Cross. The Crown or a wreath on the cross usually means that suffering or bearing the Cross of those who believe in Christ is ultimately rewarded by a crown of the eternal life in His Heavenly Kingdom. The diamond shape in the top end of the vertical crossbar bears a two-letter abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic "NI", likely a part of the ancient Greek "NIKA" symbol meaning "VICTORIOUS" symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The diamond shapes in the left and right side ends of the central horizontal crossbar of the pendant bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The bottom end of the vertical crossbar bears a two-letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "ML", likely a part of the traditional "MLRB" meaning "The CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. Just above this inscription, there is an image of the skull, or Adam's head depicted buried below the Suppedaneum cross. The skull is also referring to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The reverse bears a complex ornament, or a heavily worn-out prayer inscription traditionally placed on the reverse Orthodox "Old Believers" body crosses. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare, well preserved ancient Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring a hand-carved image of the three-bar Cross with the "Crown of Thorns". Cast from bronze or similar brass-like copper alloy, covered with the original, uncleaned rare green patina from the past centuries. Origin likely c. 15th-17th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse). Mildly worn out, but very thick and robust structurally. The size of the cross are shown on the photographs posted with the listing. Authentic antique symbol of the Orthodox faith, sound and wearable., Material: Copper alloy, green patina, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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