RARE 15-17th CENTURY SILVER ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" ORNATE "SUN" CROSS PSALM 51

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (883) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202448834435 Beautifully preserved, rare antique Orthodox "Old Believers" larger silver Cross featuring the traditional Old Believers" Orthodox ornate design with the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, and words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King. The cross appears to be handmade of unmarked solid silver; was acid-tested positive for solid silver alloy. Origin likely c. 15-17th century, lightly worn out with few small superficial dents, and covered with patches of dark silver patina. The necklace bale/loop is well preserved, structurally sound and robust. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The cross has no visible silver hallmarks, but was tested positive for a silver alloy (likely corresponding to the "84" Russian standard; please see the pictures). The absence of a hallmark on Russian Imperial silver jewelry was not unusual before year 1700 when Tsar (King) Peter I the Great of Russia issued his "Ukaz" (Decree) making the Russian standardized hallmarking mandatory for the master makers using precious metals, gold and silver. Tsar Peter I's Decree ("Silver Assay Charter") ordered the items made by silversmiths to four standard grades of silver purity: 62, 84, 90 and 96 "zolotniki" (ancient Russian weight measure). The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross, surrounded with two symbolic Instruments of the Passion of Christ, the Holy Lance (spear) and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a "cane" (stick), several inscriptions made with Cyrillic letters, and a tiny image of the skull, or the Adam's head buried below the cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where, according to the Church tradition, the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The space at the four lines next to the horizontal crossbar around the center of the Cross image is filled with a fragment of the "Repentant" Psalm of David (Psalm 51, or 50 of the Russian Orthodox Bible) in Church Slavonic meaning "HAVE MERCY ON ME, O GOD, ACCORDING TO THY LOVING KINDNESS...". The Psalm often serves as a prayer request for God's cleansing and pardon, as "a Psalm of David, when Nathan the Prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba". The ends of the crossbars are made in the shapes of squares incorporating several abbreviated inscriptions in Church Slavonic. The upper end incorporates the "boxed" two-word, abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The side square, "boxed" ends of the horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The right part of the symbol has a superficial dent. The bottom square end of the vertical crossbar bears a "boxed" "NIKA" inscription (Greek for "VICTORIOUS"), a symbol of Christ's ultimate victory over sin and death. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams, shaped as "fleur de lis", or "krinos" (lily flowers), or "droplets", superimposed on the circle surrounding the center of the cross. The ornamental, openwork circle makes it similar to a Celtic-style "Solar", or "Sun Cross". The diagonal bars usually symbolize the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross). The reverse bears complex combination of geometric ornaments and words of prayer, most likely a traditional Orthodox prayer before the Holy Cross. The words are worn out and are difficult to identify. Next to the bottom crossbar end, there is an interesting ornament: a larger triangle built from three smaller triangles, likely an ancient Orthodox "Trinity" symbol. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference or artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Beautifully preserved, rare antique Orthodox "Old Believers" larger silver Cross featuring the traditional Old Believers" Orthodox ornate design with the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, and words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King. The cross appears to be handmade of unmarked solid silver; was acid-tested positive for solid silver alloy. Origin likely c. 15-17th century, lightly worn out with few small superficial dents, and covered with patches of dark silver patina. The necklace bale/loop is well preserved, structurally sound and robust. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Material: Silver alloy, no hallmarks, tested, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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