RARE 17-18th CENT. "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX CROSS WITH TSATA AND 8-POINTED STARS

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (862) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202474035443 Rare, beautifully preserved, authentic antique Orthodox Cross pendant featuring ancient "Old Believers" ornate design with the "Tsata" or crescent in the center, and unique octagonal star ornaments. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 17th-18th century Imperial Russia. Lightly bent and worn out, likely due to devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross. Covered with the original, beautiful dark green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a traditional image of a three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. In the center of the cross, there is a crescent, or half-moon symbol known as "Tsata". It is a traditional, ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. On this cross, they are shown in a very particular way: bent towards the horizontal crossbar. Another unique feature of this cross' design is that it has multiple, large images of the eight-pointed star, or Octagram. The Octagram is an ancient symbol, usually associated with a female divinity, for example, the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, associated with the planet Venus, or the Hindu goddess of wealth Lakshimi. From the Judeo-Christian prospective, the eight-pointed star represents a new beginning. In the medieval period, such a star was also associated with the Most Blessed Virgin Mary. The upper end of the vertical crossbar usually incorporates an abbreviated inscription meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Orthodox "Old Believers" body crosses as a "nameplate". On this cross, the abbreviation letters are incorporated into a large octagram star, but partially worn out and barely identifiable. The side ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the "IC XC" Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right, each within the image of the eight-pointed star. A small symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, below the image of the three-bar cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. In the bottom end of the vertical crossbar, there is a four letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "MLRB" meaning "THE CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. The reverse of the cross bears geometric ornaments including octagrams similar to those shown on the obverse, and is largely worn out likely due to decades of devotional wearing.Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare, beautifully preserved, authentic antique Orthodox Cross pendant featuring ancient "Old Believers" ornate design with the "Tsata" or crescent in the center, and unique octagonal star ornaments. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 17th-18th century Imperial Russia. Lightly bent and worn out, likely due to devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross. Covered with the original, beautiful dark green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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