RARE 17-18th CENT. "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX "SUN" CROSS CROWN OF THORNS PSALM 68

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (900) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202545859220 Unique, beautifully preserved, antique large Russian Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional "Old Believers" ornate design with the Crown of Thorns, and with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or Celtic cross. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, inlaid with white enamel (partially preserved), covered with beautiful, original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. Slightly bent and mildly worn out according to its age. Origin likely c. 17th to 18th century Imperial Russia. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition. The four crossbar ends bear diamond-shaped, rhomboid ornaments surrounded by four dots each. The ornaments might have symbolic meaning of Four Nails used for the crucifixion of Jesus, with each such a "nail" surrounded by Four Wounds of Christ inflicted by the nails. The "diamond" or "lozenge" motif dates as far back as the Neolithic and Paleolithic period in Eastern Europe, and represented a sown field and female fertility. The ancient lozenge pattern often shows up in Diamond vault architecture, in traditional dress patterns of Slavic peoples, and in traditional Ukrainian embroidery. The lozenge pattern also appears extensively in Celtic art. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. There is a symbolic image of the Crown of Thorns, or a wreath, in the centerpiece making it similar to the Sun circle in the middle of a Celtic Cross, or a Solar Cross. The Crown or a wreath on the cross usually means that suffering or bearing the Cross of those who believe in Christ is ultimately rewarded by a crown of the eternal life in His Heavenly Kingdom. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier, and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane or a stick. They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Old Believers" crosses worn as baptism, body crosses by Orthodox Christians. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling small drops of blood, or the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis) symbolizing the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, also known as "Saltire"). The reverse of the cross bears an Orthodox Prayer that appears to be an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are partially worn out and poorly identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone, and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are authentic vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Unique, beautifully preserved, antique large Russian Orthodox pectoral Cross pendant featuring a traditional "Old Believers" ornate design with the Crown of Thorns, and with the center of the cross surrounded by an ornamental circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or Celtic cross. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, inlaid with white enamel (partially preserved), covered with beautiful, original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. Slightly bent and mildly worn out according to its age. Origin likely c. 17th to 18th century Imperial Russia. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of faith, this Cross is a collectible object and is not recommended for wearing because of its potential fragility and unknown chemical composition., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, enamel, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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