RARE 17-18th CENTURY CATHOLIC "SKULL" CRUCIFIX w/ VIRGIN MARY "STAR OF THE SEA"

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (862) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202424311645 Rare, beautifully preserved large antique Catholic Crucifix pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled design, iconic images of the Crucifixion with the skull with crossbones, or Adam's head, and the Most Blessed Virgin Mary with Latin words from the Medieval "Hail, Star of the Sea" hymn on the reverse. The crucifix appears to be made from heavy bronze alloy, likely with some iron because the crucifix has magnetic properties (please see the pictures). Origin likely c. 17-18th century, but could be earlier, possibly late Medieval. The crucifix is lightly worn out and covered with patches of dark, nearly black patina. There is a tiny, barely visible hole in the side horizontal crossbar of the pendant, just below the left arm of Christ, likely a result of an original metal casting defect, or subsequent aging (the last picture). The necklace loop is very well preserved, structurally sound and strong. Authentic antique piece of the European Christian art, sound, robust and wearable. The obverse bears a larger, detailed image of the crucified Savior, Jesus Christ. The space just above Christ's head bears a "title" with the "INRI" inscription made with Latin letters. A symbolic image of the skull with crossbones, or Adam's head, below Christ's feet refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The reverse of the crucifix bears an iconic depiction of the Immaculate Conception according to the Roman Catholic tradition. Within the vertical crossbar, there is the Sacred image of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary. She is depicted standing on the crescent (half moon), with Her hands held together in a prayerful position, symbolizing Her obedience to God's will. The space around the image is filled with an inscription in capital Latin letters: "VIR IMM VITAM PRæSTA PURAM". The first two words mean an abbreviated "VIRGO IMMACULATE" (IMMACULATE VIRGIN). The fragment "VITAM PRæSTA PURAM" translates as "BESTOW A PURE LIFE" and belongs to the "Ave Maris Stella" ("Hail, Star of the Sea"), a Medieval Hymn to the Most Blessed Virgin Mary.The creation of the original Medieval hymn has been attributed to several people, including Bernard of Clairvaux (12th century), Saint Venantius Fortunatus (6th century), and Hermannus Contractus (11th century). The "Ave Maris Stella" was highly influential in presenting Mary as a merciful and loving Mother. The title, "Star of the Sea" is one of the oldest and most widespread titles applied to the Most Blessed Virgin Mary.Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference or artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare, beautifully preserved large antique Catholic Crucifix pendant featuring plain and humble right-angled design, iconic images of the Crucifixion with the skull with crossbones, or Adam's head, and the Most Blessed Virgin Mary with Latin words from the Medieval "Hail, Star of the Sea" hymn on the reverse. The crucifix appears to be made from heavy bronze alloy, likely with some iron because the crucifix has magnetic properties (please see the pictures). Origin likely c. 17-18th century, but could be earlier, possibly late Medieval. The crucifix is lightly worn out and covered with patches of dark, nearly black patina. There is a tiny, barely visible hole in the side horizontal crossbar of the pendant, just below the left arm of Christ, likely a result of an original metal casting defect, or subsequent aging (the last picture). The necklace loop is very well preserved, structurally sound and strong. Authentic antique piece of the European Christian art, sound, robust and wearable., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze with iron, Featured Refinements: Catholic Crucifix

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