RARE 17-18th CENTURY HAND-CARVED RUSSIAN NORTH "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX CROSS

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (902) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202503270543 Rare, beautifully preserved, authentic antique larger Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring the Russian North design with a solid necklace bale. Handmade, bears visible marks of hand grinding tools, such as files. The image and inscriptions on the cross appear to be hand-carved or struck by hand of a master coppersmith. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 16th-18th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse and based on similar findings described in available catalogs). The cross has few dents and is mildly worn out, likely due to devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross. Covered with the original, beautiful dark green- to brown patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a traditional image of a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross, and inscriptions in Church Slavonic. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The unique features of this pendant's design include the Suppedaneum cross having its top crossbeam attached on the top of the cross, according to the ancient tradition of the Russian North. The footrest crossbeam is positioned horizontally at the bottom, which is often associated with earlier, possibly Medieval, origin of the image (later, the footrest bar has been traditionally depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified). The top end of the vertical crossbar of the pendant bears abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The left and right side ends of the central horizontal crossbar of the pendant bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The bottom crossbar end bears the ancient Greek "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscribed in Cyrillic letters, a powerful symbol of the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. Parallel to the vertical crossbar, there are images of the two Instruments of the Passion (Arms of Christ, Arma Christi), the Holy Lance (spear) of a Roman soldier and the Holy Sponge attached to the end of a cane (stick). They are subjects to adoration along with the Cross, and are often depicted on the Byzantine-style "Golgotha" crosses worn as Baptism, body crosses for the entire life of a faithful Christian. The reverse of the cross bears traces of text in Church Slavonic. The words are heavily worn out and barely identifiable. Most likely it was an abbreviated version of the Prayer to the Cross in Church Slavonic meaning "BEFORE THY CROSS WE BOW DOWN IN WORSHIP, O LORD...", a prayer that is usually found on this type of "Old Believers" crosses. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare, beautifully preserved, authentic antique larger Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring the Russian North design with a solid necklace bale. Handmade, bears visible marks of hand grinding tools, such as files. The image and inscriptions on the cross appear to be hand-carved or struck by hand of a master coppersmith. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 16th-18th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse and based on similar findings described in available catalogs). The cross has few dents and is mildly worn out, likely due to devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross. Covered with the original, beautiful dark green- to brown patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic ancient symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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