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Item:202424277105Rare, beautifully preserved Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring an Orthodox "Sun Cross" ornate design with words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. The cross is lightly bent/deformed, worn out and covered with smaller patches of patina. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith, sound and wearable. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a traditional image of a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross, and inscriptions in Church Slavonic. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The space at the four lines next to the horizontal crossbar around the Crescent symbol is filled with the words of prayer in Church Slavonic meaning "THE CROSS IS THE KEEPER OF ALL UNIVERSE...". According to an ancient "Old Believers" tradition, the "INRI" inscription made by Pontius Pilate, is considered profane or blasphemous, and is not used as the nameplate. Instead, the top end of the cross pendant bears a "boxed" two-letter abbreviation in Church Slavonic which means "KING OF GLORY". The side "boxed" ends of the central horizontal crossbar bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, as the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. The bottom "boxed" end of the vertical crossbar of the pendant bears the ancient Greek "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscription. Taken together, these inscriptions create an ancient Orthodox title of the Savior, "KING OF GLORY JESUS CHRIST THE VICTORIOUS", pointing to the Christ's victory over the Devil, sin and death. A small image of the skull, or Adam's head, buried below the image of the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The center of the cross is surrounded by a symbolic circle similar to a Solar, or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There are four additional, diagonal crossbeams resembling design of the lily flowers (fleur-de-lis) superimposed on the circle surrounding the center of the cross. The diagonal crossbeams usually symbolize the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). The reverse bears a fragment of the "Repentant" Psalm of David (Psalm 51, or 50 of the Russian Orthodox Bible) in Church Slavonic meaning "HAVE MERCY ON ME, O GOD, ACCORDING TO THY LOVING KINDNESS...". The Psalm often serves as a prayer request for God's cleansing and pardon, as "a Psalm of David, when Nathan the Prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba". The words of the fragment appear to be exceptionally well preserved and identifiable. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full.Condition:Used, Condition:Rare, beautifully preserved Russian Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring an Orthodox "Sun Cross" ornate design with words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. The cross is lightly bent/deformed, worn out and covered with smaller patches of patina. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Christian faith, sound and wearable., Country/Region of Manufacture:Unknown, Material:Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements:Orthodox Cross, Type:Pendant
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RARE 17-18th CENTURY "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX ORNATE "SUN" CROSS with PSALM 51