RARE 17-18th CENTURY ORTHODOX "OLD BELIEVERS" ORNATE "SUN" CROSS PSALMS 51, 68

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (881) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202448346508 Rare, beautifully preserved authentic antique Eastern Orthodox Cross pendant featuring the traditional Old Believers" Orthodox design with the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, with "Tsata" or crescent in the center, and words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with patches of brown patina from the past centuries. The cross is slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity; origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia. The obverse of the cross pendant bears a Byzantine-like Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is used in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. In the center of the cross, there is a crescent, or half-moon symbol known as "Tsata". It is a traditional, ancient Byzantine symbol of Christ as both the King and the High Priest. Accordingly, the top end of the vertical crossbar of the pendant bears abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING OF GLORY" used in the Eastern Orthodox pectoral crosses as a nameplate in their top part. The space at the four lines next to the horizontal crossbar around the Crescent symbol is filled with a fragment of the "Repentant" Psalm of David (Psalm 51, or 50 of the Russian Orthodox Bible) in Church Slavonic meaning "HAVE MERCY ON ME, O GOD, ACCORDING TO THY LOVING KINDNESS...". The Psalm often serves as a prayer request for God's cleansing and pardon, as "a Psalm of David, when Nathan the Prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba". The left and right side ends of the central horizontal crossbar of the pendant bear the Sacred Name of Jesus Christ inscribed as the Greek Christogram, the "IC" on the left, and the "XC" on the right. At the same space, just below the "IC XC" Christogram, there is another, ancient Greek symbol "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscribed as the "NI" on the left, and the "KA" on the right. Taken together, these two Greek names create an ancient Orthodox title of the Savior, "JESUS CHRIST THE VICTORIOUS", pointing to the Christ's victory over the Devil, sin and death. A small symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, depicted buried in a cave below the Suppedaneum cross refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus also symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. In the bottom end of the vertical crossbar, there is a four letter abbreviation in Cyrillic letters "MLRB" meaning "THE CALVARY (Golgotha) BECAME PARADISE", a symbol of the execution place becoming a place of the redemption and reclaiming of the lost paradise. The center of the cross is surrounded by a circle similar to a "Solar", or a "Sun", or a Celtic cross. There four additional, diagonal bars that might symbolize rays of light or the cross of Saint Andrew the Apostle. St. Andrew is considered the Founder and the first Bishop of the Christian Church of Byzantium, and is the patron saint of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Saint Andrew is believed to have been crucified on the Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "Saltire"). The reverse of the cross bears an abbreviated version of Psalm 68 in Church Slavonic meaning "MAY GOD ARISE AND MAY HIS ENEMIES BE SCATTERED...". The words of the prayer are partially worn out but identifiable. This psalm-based prayer is traditionally inscribed on the reverse of the Old Believers' Orthodox body (Baptism) cross pendants, meaning to provide protection of the faithful cross-bearer against the evil spirits (God's enemies), and thereby is considered a version of the Exorcism prayer. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and a measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference, and artistic background. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare, beautifully preserved authentic antique Eastern Orthodox Cross pendant featuring the traditional Old Believers" Orthodox design with the center of the cross surrounded by a circle similar to a "Sun", or a Celtic cross, with "Tsata" or crescent in the center, and words of the "Repentant" Psalm 51 (50 in the Orthodox Bible) of David the King. Handmade, cast from bronze or similar copper alloy, covered with patches of brown patina from the past centuries. The cross is slightly bent, scratched on the surface, and worn out as a result of devotional wearing as a pectoral, "body" cross, probably by several generations of Christians. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christianity; origin likely circa 17-18th century Imperial Russia., Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Featured Refinements: Orthodox Cross

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