RARE 17-18th CENTURY RUSSIAN NORTH "OLD BELIEVERS" ORTHODOX "SKULL" CROSS

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Seller: Top-Rated Seller godblessyou21 (883) 100%, Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 202554994784 Rare version of ancient Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble Russian "Norse" design with diamond-shaped ornament. Well preserved, ancient, antique condition. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 17th-18th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse). The cross is lightly bent and mildly worn out, but overall in a good shape, the solid necklace loop/bale is strong and robust. Covered with the original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith. The obverse of the cross pendant bears an image of the three-bar Suppedaneum cross. The Byzantine three-bar cross is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic churches. Such a cross has three horizontal crossbeams: the top one represents the "INRI" nameplate, and the bottom one, a footrest. The footrest crossbeam is depicted pointing up, toward Heaven, on Christ's right hand side where the Penitent thief, St. Dismas was crucified. The top crossbeam is depicted attached on the top of the cross, according to the ancient tradition of the Russian North. The top and side crossbar ends bear diamond-shaped, rhomboid ornaments. The "diamond" or "lozenge" motif dates as far back as the Neolithic and Paleolithic period in Eastern Europe, and represented a sown field and female fertility. The ancient lozenge pattern often shows up in Diamond vault architecture, in traditional dress patterns of Slavic peoples, and in traditional Ukrainian embroidery. The lozenge pattern also appears extensively in Celtic art. The diamond shape in the top end of the vertical crossbar incorporates a two-letter abbreviated inscription in Church Slavonic meaning "KING" used in the Orthodox pectoral crosses as a "nameplate" in their top part. There is a worn out, symbolic image of the skull, or Adam's head, buried below the three-bar cross. The symbol refers to Golgotha (Calvary), the elevated site where Jesus was crucified, which the Bible says means "the place of the skull" in Hebrew. An ancient tradition of Catholic and Orthodox Churches held that it was also the burial place of Adam, thus symbolizing the ultimate victory of Christ over sin and death. The victory is also symbolized by Greek "NIKA" ("VICTORIOUS") inscription made in Cyrillic letters in the bottom end of the vertical crossbar just below the skull symbol. The reverse of the cross bears traces of text in Church Slavonic, most likely an abbreviated version of the Prayer to the Cross that is usually found on this type of "Old Believers" crosses. Please examine all photographs carefully and do your own research if necessary. Please note that photographs are an important part of the item's description. The U.S. quarter coin, decorative stone and measuring meter are not for sale, and are photographed with the item in order to provide a size reference. Please ask all questions before making a purchase. There are no guarantees with the listing because most items are original vintage or antique objects that are quite old. All items are sold "as is" with no returns because of a change of mind offered. Shipping and handling is free for the continental US. International buyers, please ask me for a shipping quote prior to buying. Please note that customs regulations differ from country to country, and it is a buyer's responsibility to ensure that any customs fees or other duties collected by the buyer's country are paid and satisfied in full. Condition: Used, Condition: Rare version of ancient Orthodox "Old Believers" Cross pendant featuring plain and humble Russian "Norse" design. Well preserved, ancient, antique condition. Cast from bronze or similar copper alloy. Origin likely c. 17th-18th century Imperial Russian North (judged by the image of the Cross on the obverse). The cross is lightly bent and mildly worn out, but overall in a good shape, the solid necklace loop/bale is strong and robust. Covered with the original, uncleaned green patina from the past centuries. The size of the pendant is shown on the photographs for this listing. Authentic antique symbol of Orthodox Christian faith., Material: Bronze or similar copper alloy, Country/Region of Manufacture: Unknown, Featured Refinements: Ancient "Norse" Orthodox Cross, Type: Pendant

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